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Über dieses Buch

Mit diesem Buch lernst du einfach und schnell das englische Fachvokabular, das du für deine vielfältigen Aufgaben als BIOTA oder BTA brauchst. In der Forschung werden internationale Kooperationen immer wichtiger, und eine gute Basis an Fachenglisch ist Voraussetzung für eine erfolgreiche globale Zusammenarbeit. Der Inhalt des Buches orientiert sich am Berufsschullehrplan des Landes Baden-Württemberg; gleichzeitig bietet es auch für Studierende der Biotechnologie oder anderer naturwissenschaftlicher Fächer einen einfachen Einstieg in die englische Fachsprache. Spannende Texte zu Fachinhalten bilden den Einstieg in jedes Kapitel. Ein breites Repertoire an praktischen Übungen wie Lückentexte, Multiple-Choice-Fragen und Hörverstehensaufgaben helfen dir anschließend, das neue Vokabular zu verstehen. Mit der Springer Nature Flashcard App kannst du dann ganz bequem auf deinem Handy oder am PC üben und dein Wissen überprüfen, egal ob zuhause oder unterwegs.

Inhaltsverzeichnis

Frontmatter

1. Biotechnology

Zusammenfassung
Biotechnology derives from the Greek words – bios – life, technos – technology and logos – language, proof – that is biotechnology deals with the technical usage of living organisms for various purposes such as food, medicine, pharmaceuticals, recycling. Nowadays we deal with various colours or categories namely 10 introduced (red, blue, green, white, grey, yellow, brown, violet, dark and gold biotechnology) by Dr. Rita R. Colwell in 2003 and presented in this book. Other categories are also in use, the division into plant biotechnology, animal biotechnology, biotechnology of microorganisms and its colonies, cell culture biotechnologies, biotechnology of subcellular systems. The word ‘biotechnology’ was used for the first time by the director of the cattle utilization cooperative and Hungarian great land owner Karl Ereky and latter Hungarian Food minister. He published a book with the title: “Biotechnology of the meat, fat and milk production in agricultural large concerns for scientific sophisticated farmers” in 1919 in Berlin. His idea was to produce consumer goods with the use of living organisms called biotechnology. That was nothing new, but the word was new.
Ursula Steiner

2. Chemistry

Zusammenfassung
The word chemistry derives from the Arabic word al-chimja
Ursula Steiner

3. Microbiology

Zusammenfassung
Microbiology deals with microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi and protozoes.
Ursula Steiner

4. DNA Fingerprinting

Zusammenfassung
DNA is the abbreviation for deoxyribonucleic acid. It involves the hereditary information for humans and other organisms. The DNA is based in the cell nucleus but also in the mitochondria. The chemical bases of the DNA are adenine (A), guanine (G), cytosine (C) and thymine (T). The sequence of these bases is decisive for the makeup of organisms. The bases are connected to sugar and phosphate called nucleotide. They are formed to a spiral which is also known as double helix. The fact that DNA can replicate makes life possible. In 1869 Friedrich Miescher isolated DNA for the first time. In 1953 Francis Crick and James Watson presented their double-helix model of DNA based on an x-ray photo of Rosalind Franklin and Raymond Gosling. Francis Crick and James Watson received in 1962 the Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine.
Ursula Steiner

5. Biology

Zusammenfassung
As BIOTAs work with the microscope it is essential to have an understanding of the make up of the cell which is the basis of life containing the code of DNA. (Tab. 5.1)
Ursula Steiner

6. Numbers, Dimensions, Objects, Formulae

Zusammenfassung
Base factors mean that a characteristic feature or action which can be observed in nature is transferred into numbers.
Ursula Steiner

7. Manuals

Zusammenfassung
Manuals play an important role for biotechnological assistants. Mostly they are written in English and therefore a clear understanding of biotechnological devices such as photometers, autoclaves, centrifuges are essential. There are different kinds of manuals: instruction manuals, test records, instruction of use, catalogue offers.
Ursula Steiner

8. Presentation of a BIOTA’s Work

Zusammenfassung
The chapter should give the BIOTAs the occasion to enrich their vocabulary about their work, to present their practical training and to analyse job offers.
Ursula Steiner

9. Small Talk in the Laboratory

Zusammenfassung
Small talk is a way to open doors for future networks, for showing good intercultural manners and also being able to do marketing for your company. One should not underestimate the art of small talk.
Ursula Steiner

10. Further Education for BIOTAS

Zusammenfassung
As biotechnology is in a steady changing progress, BIOTAs have to keep up with the cutting-edge processes. Therefore further education is an important topic.
Ursula Steiner

11. Working with Specific Dictionaries

Zusammenfassung
Nowadays everybody quickly looks something up in the internet without understanding the context or going into the great number of details you can use an online dictionary for. This chapter should make people aware of thoroughly choosing the right word in the right context with correct spelling.
Ursula Steiner

12. Analysing Websites About Biotechnology

Zusammenfassung
The essential knowledge about valuable and reliable good biotechnological websites should be made aware in this chapter by compiling good criteria for good websites.
Ursula Steiner
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