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01.03.2015 | Ausgabe 1/2015

Shape Memory and Superelasticity 1/2015

Fatigue Crack Growth Fundamentals in Shape Memory Alloys

Zeitschrift:
Shape Memory and Superelasticity > Ausgabe 1/2015
Autoren:
Y. Wu, A. Ojha, L. Patriarca, H. Sehitoglu
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Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (doi:10.​1007/​s40830-015-0005-4) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

In this study, based on a regression of the crack tip displacements, the stress intensity range in fatigue is quantitatively determined for the shape memory alloy Ni2FeGa. The results are compared to the calculated stress intensity ranges with a micro-mechanical analysis accounting for the transformation-induced tractions. The effective stress intensity ranges obtained with both methods are in close agreement. Also, the fatigue crack closure levels were measured as 30 % of the maximum load using virtual extensometers along the crack flanks. This result is also in close agreement with the regression and micro-mechanical modeling findings. The current work pointed to the importance of elastic moduli changes and the residual transformation strains playing a role in the fatigue crack growth behavior. Additional simulations are conducted for two other important shape memory alloys, NiTi and CuZnAl, where the reductions in stress intensity range were found to be lower than Ni2FeGa.

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