Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
Philadelphia resides along the Atlantic Flyway bird migration route, and each spring and fall thousands of birds pass through Temple University. Campus buildings, especially those with highly reflective or transparent window glass, are prone to bird collisions. Birds do not see glass as a solid object, rather a reflection of their habitat or nothing at all. Birds collide with the windows and either die from impact or are injured and become easy prey. Utilizing student problem- and project-based learning (PPBL) opportunities, Temple University identified collision hotspots and implemented mitigation strategies, such as decorative window film, to reduce campus bird strikes. Temple also created awareness about its efforts to reduce bird deaths through collaborative projects, art installations, presentations and media coverage. This paper provides a case study of one urban university’s efforts to address bird-window collisions through independent research, curriculum infusion projects and campus awareness campaigns. The paper also provides recommendations for future research and work.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Albanese, M., & Mitchell, S. (1993). Problem-based learning: A review of literature on its outcomes and implementation issues. Academic Medicine, 68(1), 52. CrossRef
Audubon. (2011). Annual report 2011—Flyway conservation. http://www.audubon.org/sites/default/files/documents/ar2011-flywayconservation.pdf. Last accessed March 3, 2015.
Audubon. (2012). Art aims to protect birds from glass. Audubon Magazine, May–June 2012. http://www.audubonmagazine.org/articles/birds/art-aims-protect-birds-glass. Last accessed March 3, 2015.
Barlett, P., & Eisen, A. (2002). The Piedmont Project at Emory University. In W. L. Filho (Ed.), Teaching sustainability at universities: Toward curriculum greening. Frankfurt: Peter Lang. http://sustainability.emory.edu/uploads/press/2010/11/2010111015133973/Barlett26EisenLeal02.pdf. Last accessed March 18, 2015.
Barrows, H., & Tamblyn, R. (1976). An evaluation of problem-based learning in small groups utilizing a simulated patient. Journal of Medical Education, 51(1), 52–54.
Brown, B. (2014). When art and birds (Don’t) collide. GRID, June 2014. http://www.gridphilly.com/grid-magazine/2014/5/21/when-art-and-birds-dont-collide-local-colleges-use-student-w.html. Last accessed March 3, 2015.
Brundiers, K., & Wiek, A. (2013). Do we teach what we preach? An international comparative appraisal of problem- and project-based learning courses in sustainability. Sustainability, 5(4), 1725–1746. CrossRef
Carlson, S. (2015). Whatever happened to the drive for campus sustainability? The Chronicle of Higher Education. http://chronicle.com/article/Whatever-Happened-to-the-Drive/234095. Last accessed January 28, 2016.
Chase, G., & Rowland, P. (2004). The Ponderosa Project: Infusing sustainability in the curriculum. In P. Barlett & G. Chase (Eds.), Sustainability on campus: Stories and strategies for change. London: MIT Press.
Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology. (2004). Making your windows safe for birds. Bird Notes. http://www.birds.cornell.edu/AllAboutBirds/notes/BirdNote10_Windows.pdf. Last accessed March 3, 2015.
Hager, S., & Cosentino, B. (2014). Evaluating the drivers of bird-window collisions in North America: Preliminary results for fall 2013. Bird-Window Collisions Across North America. https://sites.google.com/a/augustana.edu/eren-bird-window-collisions-project/home. Last accessed March 3, 2015.
Heiskanen, E., Thidell, A., & Rodhe, H. (2015). Educating sustainability change agents: The importance of practical skills and experience. Journal of Cleaner Production,. doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2015.11.063.
Klem, D., Jr. (2006). Glass: A deadly conservation issue for birds. Bird Observer, 34(2), 73–81.
Klem, D., Jr. (2014). Landscape, legal, and biodiversity threats that windows pose to birds: A review of an important conservation issue. Land, 3, 351–361. CrossRef
Klem, D., Jr. (2015). Bird-window collisions: A critical animal welfare and conservation issue. Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science, 18, S11–S17. CrossRef
Klem, D., Jr., Farmer, C. J., Delacretaz, N., Gelb, Y., & Saenger, P. (2009). Architectural and landscape risk factors associated with bird-glass collisions in an urban environment. The Wilson Journal of Ornithology, 121(1), 126–134. CrossRef
Loss, S., Loss, S., Will, T., & Marra, P. (2014a). Best practices for data collection in studies of bird-window collisions. http://abcbirds.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/11/Loss-et-al-Best-Practices-for-Window-Data-2014.pdf. Last accessed January 28, 2016.
Loss, S., Will, T., Loss, S., & Marra, P. (2014b). Bird-building collisions in the United States: Estimates of annual mortality and species vulnerability. The Condor, Ornithological Applications, 116, 8–23.
Nuwer, R. (2012). The beautiful window art also saves birds’ lives. Smithsonian. http://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/this-beautiful-window-art-also-saves-birds-lives-134778184/?no-ist. Last accessed March 3, 2015.
O’Brien & Gere. (2010). Temple University Climate Action Plan. http://sustainability.temple.edu/sites/sustainability/files/uploads/documents/TempleUniversityClimateActionPlanFINAL5-24-10basedon5-17-10.pdf. Last accessed January 29, 2015.
Rowe, D. (2007). Education for a sustainable future. Science, 317(5836), 323–324. CrossRef
Russell, K. (2011). Temple University bird collision study: Spring 2009. Audubon Pennsylvania (Unpublished manuscript).
Savery, J. R. (2006). Overview of problem-based learning: definitions and distinctions. The Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-Based Learning, 1(1), 9–20. CrossRef
Sheppard, C. (2011). Bird-friendly building design. The Pains, VA: American Bird Conservancy.
Sheppard, C., & Phillips, G. (2015). Bird-friendly building design (2nd ed.). The Pains, VA: American Bird Conservancy.
Wiek, A., Withycombe, L., & Redman, C. L. (2011). Key competencies in sustainability—A reference framework for academic program development. Sustainability Science, 6(2), 203–218. CrossRef
Wiek, A., Xiong, A., Brundiers, K., & van der Leeuw, S. (2014). Integrating problem- and project-based learning into sustainability programs. International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, 15(4), 431–449. CrossRef
- Fauna Protection in a Sustainable University Campus: Bird-Window Collision Mitigation Strategies at Temple University
Katherine Switala Elmhurst