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An economic perspective on climate change concerning its drivers, effects, and solutions is common and dominates the research agenda. Many of these approaches are well established, straightforward, and able to provide valuable evidence and proof for issues especially relating to climate change mitigation. However, most of the economically framed trajectories are largely understood. This is especially true for average effects of income on consumption and related GHG emissions. Income can be mainly seen as a conditio sine qua non, both for modern consumption and related GHG emissions. Income enables consumption, and therefore, income will remain the most critical determinant for differences in personal carbon footprints. The results of this study show that income, apart from personal and household wealth, has the most significant impact on individual carbon footprints. This is especially true for all those sectors involving domains with the highest carbon intensities, namely, electricity, individual motorised transport, and air travel.
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In contrast to consumer expenditure, investive consumption reflects investments in durable goods that remain with the person or household for some time. To a varying degree, these investments tend to have a long-term impact on the individuals’ conduct of life and his or her lifestyle (“path dependencies”), as explained in Sect. 18.104.22.168.
Zurück zum Zitat Shove E (2003) Comfort, cleanliness and convenience: the social organization of normality, new technologies/new cultures. Berg, Oxford Shove E (2003) Comfort, cleanliness and convenience: the social organization of normality, new technologies/new cultures. Berg, Oxford
- Final Conclusions: Understanding Inequalities in Consumption-Based, Personal-Level GHG Emissions
- Chapter 8