Weitere Artikel dieser Ausgabe durch Wischen aufrufen
In this paper I document that highway construction firms in California, particularly those owned by blacks and Asians, exhibit considerable racial segregation in that they are disproportionately located in zip codes with the greatest concentration of own-race residents. I find that segregated firms serve a larger market than minority-owned firms that are not segregated and that this effect is concentrated in black-owned firms. I next exploit the segregation of firms to examine the effect of affirmative action on the success of minority-owned firms. Following the significant curtailment of affirmative action in California due to a direct statewide ballot initiative, the number of highway construction establishments located in zip codes with the highest concentrations of black and Asian residents fell relative to the rest of the state, even conditional on the number of non-construction establishments. This suggests that affirmative action policies may play a role in the net survival rates of minority-owned firms.
Bates, T., & Williams, D. (1996). Do preferential procurement programs benefit minority business? The American Economic Review, 86(2), 294–297.
Blanchflower, D. G., & Wainwright, J. (2005). An analysis of the impact of affirmative action programs on self-employment in the construction industry. National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) Working Paper no. 6840. Cambridge, MA: NBER
Bollinger, C., & Ihlanfeldt, K. (2003). The intra-urban distribution of employment: Which government interventions make a difference? Journal of Urban Economics, 53, 396–412. CrossRef
Brueckner, J., & Zenou, Y. (2003). Space and unemployment: The labor-market effects of spatial mismatch. Journal of Labor Economics, 21, 242–266. CrossRef
Chatterji, R., Chay, K., & Fairlie, R. (2009). The impact of contracting set-asides on black self-employment and employment. Working paper. Santa Cruz: University of California Santa Cruz.
Cutler, D., & Glaeser, E. (1997). Are ghettos good or bad? Quarterly Journal of Economics, 112, 827–872. CrossRef
Davidsson, P., & Honig, B. (2003). The role of social and human capital among nascent entrepreneurs. Journal of Business Venturing, 18(3), 301–331. CrossRef
Fairlie, R. W., & Marion, J. (2008). Affirmative action programs and business ownership among minorities and women. Working paper. Santa Cruz: University of California Santa Cruz.
Fairlie, R. W., & Robb, A. M. (2007). Why are black-owned businesses less successful than white-owned businesses: The role of families, inheritances, and business human capital. Journal of Labor Economics, 25(2), 289–323. CrossRef
Gil, R., & Hartmann, W. R. (2007). Airing your dirty laundry: Social networks, reputational capital and vertical integration. Working paper. Santa Cruz: University of California Santa Cruz
Holzer, H. (1991). The spatial mismatch hypothesis: What has the evidence shown? Urban Studies, 28, 105–122. CrossRef
Kain, J. F. (1968). Housing segregation, Negro employment and metropolitan decentralization. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 82, 175–197. CrossRef
Kalnins, A., & Chung, W. (2005). Social capital, geography, and survival: Gujarati immigrant entrepreneurs in the U.S. lodging industry. Management Science, 52(2), 233–247. CrossRef
Marion, J. (forthcoming a). Affirmative action and the utilization of minority- and women-owned businesses in highway procurement. Economic Inquiry.
Marion, J. (forthcoming b) How costly is affirmative action? Government contracting and California’s Proposition 209. Review of Economics and Statistics.
Raphael, S. (1998). The spatial mismatch hypothesis of black youth unemployment: Evidence from the San Francisco Bay area. Journal of Urban Economics, 43, 79–111. CrossRef
Rauch, J. E. (2001). Black ties only? Ethnic business networks, intermediaries, and African-American retail entrepreneurship. In J. E. Rauch & A. Casella (Eds.), Networks and markets (pp. 270–309). New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
Shane, S., & Cable, D. (2002). Network ties, reputation, and the financing of new ventures. Management Science, 48(3), 64–81. CrossRef
Stoll, M. A. (1999a). Spatial job search, spatial mismatch and the employment and wages of racial and ethnic groups in Los Angeles. Journal of Urban Economics, 46, 129–155. CrossRef
Stoll, M. A. (1999b). Spatial mismatch, discrimination, and male youth employment in the Washington, DC area: Implications for residential mobility programs. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 18, 77–98. CrossRef
Stoll, M. A., Holzer, H. J., & Ihlanfeldt, K. R. (2000). Within cities and suburbs: Racial residential concentration and the spatial distribution of employment opportunities across sub-metropolitan areas. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 19(2), 207–231. CrossRef
- Firm racial segregation and affirmative action in the highway construction industry
- Springer US
Neuer Inhalt/© Stellmach, Neuer Inhalt/© BBL, Neuer Inhalt/© Maturus, Pluta Logo/© Pluta, Neuer Inhalt/© hww, Voraussetzungen für wirtschaftliche additive Fertigung/© Marco2811 | Fotolia