Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
Perception is the bed rock to really apprehend the assertiveness and interpretations of the farmers which are the grass root receptors or benefactors of the effects of climate change. Individual perception and knowledge on climate change varies according to geographical location, occupation, political and socio-economics, ecological, cultural background of the entity. Empirical observations and climate models both indicate that global climate and ocean conditions have been changing over the last 100 years and will likely change more rapidly in the future. Fish production and supply in Africa could not meet up with the demand of the consumers as a result of financial constraints, low capital investment, high cost of fish stocking and feeding, dry season, pollution and climate change. This research therefore, assesses the fish farmers’ perceptions, impacts and adaptation on/of/to climate change in Africa, using Egypt and Nigeria as archetypal examples. It also annotates the precautionary measures taken by the fish farmers to ameliorate the negative impacts of climate change in the continent. KoboCollect method was used to design relevant questions and analyzed the fish farmers’ responses. The results revealed that climate change has both positive and negative impacts on African aquaculture and it is believe that aquaculture is a way of adapting to the adverse effect of climate change on fisheries. 93% of the fish farmers in Africa have the ideal of climate change, 64% believe that the change will linger and persevere in the next 10–20 years. In Nigeria, 61% of the respondents relied on stream and river while in Egypt, 99% of the fish farmers cultured their fish on earthen ponds and depend on the use of agricultural drainage water. Fish production could not meet up with the demand of the consumers in Nigeria as a result of pending constraints unlike Egypt which has achieved the scale of aquaculture expansion compare to other African countries. It is therefore, expedient that efforts should be geared towards regional and continental integration in order to encourage aquaculture practices in other part of Africa and climate change investment should be encouraged.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Adeleke, M. L., & Matthias, W. (2016). Adaptation of the Artisanal Fisher folks to climate change in the coastal region of Ondo State, In W. Leal Filho (Wd.), Innovation in climate change adaptation, climate change management. Nigeria: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-25814-0_13.
Adeleke, M. L., & Balogun, A. A. (2013). Occurrence of climate change and its effects on the fishing activities in the coastal region of Ondo State, Nigeria. European-American Journals, IJDES-101; International Journal of Development and Economic Sustainability, 1(1).
Cherif, S., Walter, L. F., Azeiteiro, U. M. (2017). The role of farmers’ perceptions in coping with climate change in Sub-Saharan Africa. International Journal of Global Warming, 12(3/4), 483–494. http://dx.doi.org/10.1504/IJGW.2017.10005907. CrossRef
FAO, Fisheries and Aquaculture Information and Statistics Service—web site ( http://www.fao.org/fishery/statistics/global-aquaculture-production/query/en).
FAO. (2000). Fishery country profile, Nigeria. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy. FID/CP/NIR Rev. 4.
Food and Agricultural Organisation. (2008a). Climate change, energy and food high. In Level Conference on Food Security: The Challenges of Climate Change and Bio-energy: Climate Change for Fisheries and Aquaculture. Technical Background Document HLC/08/BAK/6.
Food and Agricultural Organisation. (2008b). Food and agriculture organization report of the FAO expert workshop on climate change implications for fisheries and aquaculture, April 7–9, 2008.
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). (2008c). Report of the FAO expert workshop on climate change implications for fisheries and aquaculture: Rome, Italy, April 7–9, 2008. FAO Fisheries Report no. 870 (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 2009.2008); http://tiny.cc/fisheries7.
FAO. (2012). The state of World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2012. FAO: Rome, Italy.
French, G. T., Awosika, L. F., & Ibe, C. E. (1995). Sea level rise and Nigeria: Potential Impacts and consequences. Journal of Coastal Research, Special Issue 17. Level Conference on Food Security: The Challenges of Climate Change and Bio-energy: Climate Change for Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Background Document HLC/08/BAK/6.
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). (2007a). Climate change 2007: Impacts, adaptations and vulnerability. In M. L. Parry, O. F. Canzian, J. P. Palutikof, P. J. van der Linden, J. Paul & C. Hanson (Eds.), Contribution of working group II to the 4th assessment report of the IPCC. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). (2007b). Climate change: impacts, adaptation and vulnerability. In Working group II contribution to the intergovernmental panel on climate change. Summary for policy makers. IPCC Secretariat, Geneva, Switzerland.
Maddison, D. (2007). The perception of and adaptation to climate change in Africa, Development Research Group, Sustainable Rural and Urban Development Team, the World Bank, Washington, DC. (Policy Research Working Paper 4308). CrossRef
National Aquaculture Sector Overview. Egypt. National Aquaculture Sector Overview Fact Sheets. Text by Salem, A. M., Saleh, M. A. In: FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Department [online]. Rome. Updated 16 November 2010. Cited 17 April 2015. http://www.fao.org/fishery/countrysector/naso_egypt/en.
Nhemachena, C., Mano, R., Mudombi, S., & Muwanigwa, V. (2014). Perceptions on climate change and its impact on livelihoods in Hwange district, Zimbabwe. Jàmbá: Journal of Disaster Risk Studies, 6(1), Art. #123, 6. http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/jamba.v6i1.123.
OECD-FAO. (2011). Agricultural outlook 2011–2020. OECD: Paris, France. National Population Commission (NPC), Government Notice of No.21 on 2006 Census, (2007), Federal Government Printer, Lagos, Nigeria.
Rao, K. P. C., Ndegwa, W. G., Kizito, K., & Oyoo, A. (2011). Climate variability and change: Farmer perceptions and understanding of intra-seasonal variability in rainfall and associated risk in semi-arid Kenya. Experimental Agriculture,47, 267–291. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0014479710000918. CrossRef
Slegers, M. F. W. (2008). “If only it would rain”: Farmers’ perceptions of rainfall and drought in semi-arid central Tanzania. Journal of Arid Environments,72, 2106–2123. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaridenv.2008.06.011. CrossRef
UNFCCC. (2015). UNFCCC (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change) INDCs as Communicated by Parties (2015) http://www4.unfccc.inta.
Worldometers: ( www.Worldometers.info). (2017). Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects.
- Fish Farmers’ Perceptions, Impacts and Adaptation on/of/to Climate Change in Africa (The Case of Egypt and Nigeria)
M. L. Adeleke
A. M. Nasr-Allah
G. O. El-Naggar
Fallstudie Überschwemmungskarten/© Thaut Images | Fotolia