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Über dieses Buch

This book on flexible formwork for fluid architecture is a multi-faceted research that covers a broad field: from design to material and technology, and from history to future developments. It offers a pragmatic approach that can be extended with more cases, materials, techniques and methods for fluid architecture, and provides a better understanding of the main aspects of fluid architecture and to help them find the most suitable combinations of all aspects.

The book is a challenging experience with many new discoveries, including two patents: one on moulding of fluid surfaces and one on 3D printing of fibre–reinforced ice. It also features two world records: the larges span (30 meters) and the highest thin shell structure (30,5 meters) in ice as well as a method for the construction of a fully laminated shell structure in insulated glass.

Inhaltsverzeichnis

Frontmatter

Chapter 1. Research Approach

Abstract
This chapter gives an introduction to the topics described in the book, the research questions and the research methods.
Arno Pronk

Chapter 2. Form

Abstract
The theoretical forms will be discussed in relation to the possibilities of form-active and flexible mouldings. A methodological overview of the ways a membrane can be manipulated is presented together with the major geometrical effects of those manipulations. This overview aims to cover all the possibilities and could be used as a helpful instrument for designers and researchers.
Arno Pronk

Chapter 3. Fluid Architecture

Abstract
This chapter focuses on the phenomenon of fluid architecture. In this kind of architecture, forms are not dominated by structural optimization but by other considerations. Fluid architecture refers to organic shapes and is suggestive, like a body shape that covers your bones. Therefore, it is plausible to research flexible moulding based on the manipulation of membrane surfaces.
Arno Pronk

Chapter 4. Three Architects and Their Buildings

Abstract
In Chap. 3, examples of fluid architecture were described and analysed. In all cases the use of 3D computer software made it possible to analyse, optimize and realize the form designed by the architect, which has led to high-profile buildings. Aside from the technical issues, the perceived deviation of the panels is one of the key factors in the perception of this kind of architecture.
Arno Pronk

Chapter 5. The Morphology of Fluid Architecture

Abstract
In this chapter the morphology of fluid-architecture is analysed in relation to the Gestalt Theory of Max Wertheimer, as well as to the 15 basic properties necessary to create spaces that contain a certain aspect of “life” as distinguished by Christopher Alexander. The chapter concludes with a detailed definition of fluid architecture.
Arno Pronk

Chapter 6. Structure

Abstract
In this chapter, the possibilities for flexible and form-active structures as a mould to make other typologies were illustrated in diagrams. These demonstrate that by using form-active moulding, Mass-, Vector- and Surface-active structures can be made. This chapter sets out to prove that and why flexible moulding is eminently suitable for creating fluid architecture and all kinds of doubly curved building elements.
Arno Pronk

Chapter 7. Induction

Abstract
This chapter will demonstrate by three case studies that flexible moulding has the capacity to be used for the construction of fluid architecture. An overview of flexible moulding throughout history in which different materials and techniques were used is given as well. All known techniques in relation to flexible moulding are summarised and categorized for these materials in a schematic diagram in such a way that they can be compared.
Arno Pronk

Chapter 8. All the Possibilities Researched for Ice

Abstract
This chapter will give an overview for reinforced ice better known as pykrete. The focus will be on ice as a construction material for different structural applications like large shell structures, towers and ice in a controlled environment with the help of cooling devises.
Arno Pronk

Chapter 9. Glass

Abstract
Glass has been used for centuries and is still in use in applications like drinking vessels and window panes. This solid material is (non-crystalline) amorphous, brittle and transparent. In this chapter, glass is observed in a transition from an elastic form-active to a solid material with different applications for doubly curved insulated shell structures of glass.
Arno Pronk

Chapter 10. All the Possibilities Researched for Composites

Abstract
In this chapter, different innovative composite structures in combination with adjustable mouldings will be researched. The polymer composites will be applied for tensile structures, trusses, shells, façade elements and furniture.
Arno Pronk

Chapter 11. Concrete

Abstract
In this chapter, different innovative concrete structures in combination with adjustable mouldings will be researched. The concrete structures will be applied with different construction methods like shotcrete, and casting in combination with form-active structures of tensile or cable nets.
Arno Pronk

Chapter 12. Future Developments

Abstract
In this chapter I will give an insight in the future developments of flexible formwork for fluid architecture.
Arno Pronk

Chapter 13. Conclusions

Abstract
In this chapter I will summarize the results achieved for the realization of fluid architecture.
Arno Pronk
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