In 1999, the dry sea floor of the Aral Sea had an area of about 40 000 km2. The new land is being steadily invaded by plants. The list of the flora consists of 266 species. It is a young immigration flora (40 years old) that established under harsh habitat conditions. Adjacent to the former coastline there are mostly sandy soils which already are free of salt. They are replaced on younger sea floor areas by mixed sandyloamy or loamy coastal and marsh solonchaks. The family Chenopodiaceae was dominant on the solonchaks of the dry sea floor from the 1970s, 1980s and 1990s. The share of the Chenopodiaceae in the flora amounts to 28.2% (75 species). Along the former coastline on the sands of the dry sea floor from the 1960s the Polygonaceae (Calligonum), Fabaceae (Astragalus), psammophilous Chenopodiaceae and some representatives of the Poaceae play a major role. The composition of the flora and of the important families is discussed.
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- Flora of the Dry Sea Floor of the Aral Sea
- Springer Berlin Heidelberg
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