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Together the US and EU provide two-thirds of global humanitarian assistance for the alleviation of emergencies arising from natural and man-made disasters and 80% of global foreign aid for longer-term development assistance programs. It is therefore vital that they continue their close partnership to ensure their dollars and euros are spent as effectively as possible in an era of increasingly tight budgetary constraints. The outbreak of Ebola in West Africa in 2014 is a good example of how the US and the EU successfully addressed (albeit belatedly) a major health crisis that could have turned into a global pandemic. In many areas in Africa, they are collaborating closely on the foundation of shared priorities, including on food security, resilience, and electrification. They are also among the largest donors to the Global Fund to fight HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria and to the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunisation.
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The document was signed in Madrid at a US-EU Summit on December 3, 1995. http://www.europarl.europa.eu/cmsdata/124321/new_transatlantic_agenda_en.pdf.
Andrew Higgins, “European Leaders Scramble to Upgrade Response to Ebola Crisis,” The New York Times, October 8, 2014. https://www.nytimes.com/2014/10/09/world/european-leaders-scramble-to-upgrade-response-to-ebola-crisis.html.
“Ethics and Ebola: Public Health Planning and Response,” Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues, February 2015. https://bioethicsarchive.georgetown.edu/pcsbi/sites/default/files/Ethics-and-Ebola_PCSBI_508.pdf.
Remarks by the President on the Ebola Outbreak, September 16, 2014. https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/the-press-office/2014/09/16/remarks-president-ebola-outbreak.
Julia Steets and Daniel Hamilton, eds. “Humanitarian Cooperation: Improving US-EU Cooperation,” Report by the Global Public Policy Institute and the Center for Transatlantic Relations, 2009. https://www.urd.org/IMG/pdf/Humanitarian_Assistance_GPPI_complet.pdf.
The United Nations has urged countries to spend at least 0.7% of their GDP on foreign aid, a target met by Sweden, Luxembourg, Norway, Denmark, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom. According to an opinion poll conducted in the United States in 2014, Americans on average think that 26% of the federal budget is spent on foreign aid; given this misconception, many believe that the US should reduce its spending (unlike their European counterparts who support giving generously). https://www.kff.org/global-health-policy/poll-finding/data-note-americans-views-on-the-u-s-role-in-global-health/.
2009 US-EU Summit Declation, November 3, 2009. http://www.europarl.europa.eu/cmsdata/122880/Joint%20Statement%202009%20EU-US%20Summit.pdf.
EU-US Joint Statement, March 26, 2014. https://www.consilium.europa.eu/media/23902/141920.pdf.
The signature of a cooperation agreement between the US and the EU in 2015 on the sharing of data received from the EU’s Copernicus constellation of earth observation satellites will assist joint efforts to manage and mitigate natural disasters. https://landsat.gsfc.nasa.gov/united-states-and-european-union-sign-cooperation-arrangement-on-copernicus-earth-observation-data/.
European Parliament, “The New Alliance for Food Security and Nutrition in Africa,” November 2015. http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/etudes/STUD/2015/535010/EXPO_STU(2015)535010_EN.pdf.
Simone Tagliapietra, “Electrifying Africa: How to Make Europe’s Contribution Count,” Bruegel, June 2017. http://bruegel.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/06/PC-17-2017_1.pdf.
2017 Estimates from Enerdata and the International Energy Agency, cited in Simone Tagliapietra, “Electrifying Africa: How to Make Europe’s Contribution Count,” Bruegel, June 2017. http://bruegel.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/06/PC-17-2017_1.pdf.
The United States also commits billions of dollars to combat HIV/AIDS through the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief, launched by the Bush administration in 2004. Moreover, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation has also given €62.5 million in grants and guarantees to co-finance a European Commission program that mobilizes private investment in laboratory facilities that provide diagnostic services for HIV/AIDs, TB and malaria.
European Parliamentary Research Service, “Addressing Global Poverty and Insecurity Through Better Transatlantic Cooperation,” September 2016. http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/etudes/BRIE/2016/586646/EPRS_BRI(2016)586646_EN.pdf.
“Better Dead Than GM-Fed,” The Economist, September 19, 2002. Emmet Livingstone, “How EU Milk Is Sinking Africa’s Farmers,” Politico, April 8, 2018.
- Foreign Aid and Humanitarian Assistance
Anthony Luzzatto Gardner
- Chapter 12
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