Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
Rose et al. introduce four digital democratic tools which serve or have served to support formal agenda-setting on the European level (European Citizens’ Initiative, Futurium, Your Voice in Europe, and European Citizens’ Consultations). The authors place a strong focus on the participatory process and practical experiences. For a better understanding of these tools and how they are used in practice, interviews were conducted with administrators and researchers familiar with the respective tools. Strengths and weaknesses are identified and possibilities for improvements explored. While each tool shows positive results in different ways, their impact in terms of policy tools leaves much to be desired. Lessons learnt include the need to communicate clearly what input is desired from the participants and transparency about what outcomes can be expected and how the collected input is utilized. The tools must also be flexible enough to adapt to user feedback in order to provide for a learning process to take place.
Badouard, R. (2010). Pathways and obstacles to eParticipation at the European level. A comparative analysis of the European Citizens’ Consultation 2009 and the online consultations of the European Commission . JeDEM, 2 (2), 99–110. Accessed January 18, 2019, from http://jedem.org/index.php/jedem/article/view/30 CrossRef
Badouard, R. (2013). Combining inclusion with impact on the decision? The Commission’s online consultation on the European Citizens’ Initiative. In R. Kies & P. Nanz (Eds.), Is Europe listening to us? Success and failure of EU citizen consultations (pp. 153–172). Farnham: Ashgate.
Chalmers, A. W. (2014). In over their heads: Public consultation, administrative capacity and legislative duration in the European Union. European Union Politics, 1465116514529849.
Council of the European Union. (2018). Item note on proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the European Citizens’ Initiative – General approach. Brussels, 19 June 2018. 9783/18. Accessed January 18, 2019, from http://data.consilium.europa.eu/doc/document/ST-9783-2018-INIT/en/pdf
EC – European Commission (2002). Consultation document: Towards a reinforced culture of consultation and dialogue – Proposal for general principles and minimum standards for consultation of interested parties by the Commission. COM/2002/0277 final. Accessed January 18, 2019, from http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:52002DC0277&from=EN
EC – European Commission. (2015a). Report from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council. Report on the application of Regulation (EU) No 211/2011 on the citizens’ initiative. Brussels, 31.3.2015, COM(2015) 145 final. Accessed January 18, 2019, from http://ec.europa.eu/transparency/regdoc/rep/1/2015/EN/1-2015-145-EN-F1-1.PDF
EC – European Commission. (2015b). Guide to the European Citizens’ Initiative. A new right For EU citizens – You can set The Agenda! Accessed January 18, 2019, from https://publications.europa.eu/en/publication-detail/-/publication/d5c945cb-06ba-11e6-b713-01aa75ed71a1
EC – European Commission. (2015c). Workshop report: Third workshop on new EU eGovernment Action Plan 2016–2020. https://joinup.ec.europa.eu/sites/default/files/isa_field_path/workshop_report_3.pdf
EC – European Commission. (2016a). Digital futures: Final report. A journey into 2050 visions and policy challenges. https://ec.europa.eu/futurium/en/system/files/ged/futurium_scientific_report_v10revcl_v2_0.pdf
EC – European Commission. (2016b). The European Citizens’ Initiative: FAQ. Accessed on January 18, 2019, from http://ec.europa.eu/citizens-initiative/public/faq#q1
EC – European Commission. (2016c). The European Citizens’ Initiative: Basic facts. Accessed on January 18, 2019, from http://ec.europa.eu/citizens-initiative/public/basic-facts?lg=en
EC – European Commission. (2016d). Contribute to law-making. Accessed November 7, 2016, from http://ec.europa.eu/yourvoice/about/index_en.htm
EC – European Commission. (2016e). Better regulation. Lighten the load – Have your say! Accessed November 7, 2016, from http://ec.europa.eu/smart-regulation/refit/simplification/consultation/consultation_en.htm#up
EC – European Commission. (2017). Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the European Citizens’ Initiative. Brussels, 13.9.2017, COM(2017) 482 final. Accessed January 18, 2019, from http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2017/0482/COM_COM(2017)0482_EN.pdf
EP – European Parliament. (2018). Briefing. EU legislation in progress. Revising the European Citizens’ Initiative. Accessed January 18, 2019, from http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/etudes/BRIE/2017/614627/EPRS_BRI(2017)614627_EN.pdf
Greenwood, J. (2012). The European Citizens’ Initiative and EU civil society organisations. Perspectives on European Politics and Society, 13(3), 325–336. CrossRef
Karlsson, M. (2012a). Democratic legitimacy and recruitment strategies in eParticipation projects. In Empowering open and collaborative governance (pp. 3–20). Berlin: Springer. CrossRef
Karlsson, M. (2012b). Connecting citizens to the European parliament: E-consultations as a tool for political representation. In E-parliament and ICT-based legislation: Concept, experiences and lessons (pp. 80–102). IGI Global.
Kies, R. (2016). The 7 golden rules to introduce citizens’ consultations at the EU level: Reforming “Your voice in Europe”. Paper presented at the Fourth International Conference on Legislation and Law Reform, World Bank, Washington, 17–18 November 2016.
Kies, R., & Wojcik, S. (2010). European web-deliberation: Lessons from the European citizens consultation. In Online Deliberation: Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference-OD2010 (pp. 198–211).
Kies, R., Leyenaar, M., & Niemöller, K. (2013). European citizen’s consultation: A large consultation on a vague topic. In R. Kies & P. Nanz (Eds.), Is Europe listening to us? Success and failure of EU citizen consultations (pp. 59–78). Farnham: Ashgate.
Leyenaar, M., & Niemoller, K. (2010). Evaluation report. European Citizens’ Consultations 2009. http://www.aueb.gr/statistical-institute/european-citizens-II/ECC09-Evaluation-Report.pdf
Lironi, E. (2016). Potential and challenges of E-participation in the European Union. Study for the AFCO Committee, European Parliament, Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs. European Parliament, Brussels
Malosse, H. (2015). Opening speech by the EESC President at European Citizens’ Initiative Day. Accessed January 18, 2019, from http://www.eesc.europa.eu/?i=portal.en.members-former-eesc-presidents-henri-malosse-speeches-statements.38201
Organ, J. (2014). Decommissioning direct democracy? A critical analysis of commission decision-making on the legal admissibility of European citizens initiative proposals. European Constitutional Law Review, 10(3), 422–443. CrossRef
Quittkat, C. (2011). The European commission’s online consultations: A success story? Journal of Common Market Studies, 49(3), 653–674. CrossRef
Quittkat, C., & Finke, B. (2008). The EU Commission consultation regime. In B. Kohler-Koch, D. De Bièvre, & W. Maloney (Eds.), Opening EU-Governance to Civil Society. Gains and Challenges, CONNEX Report Series No 05, University of Mannheim, Mannheim Centre for European Social Research (MZES), Mannheim, pp. 183–222. Accessed on January 18, 2019, from http://www.mzes.uni-mannheim.de/projekte/typo3/site/fileadmin/BookSeries/Volume_Five/Chapter08_Quittkat_Finke.pdf
Sangsari, M. (2013). The European Citizens’ Initiative: An early assessment of the European Union’s new participatory democracy instrument, Policy Paper, Canada-Europe Transatlantic Dialogue.
The ECI Campaign. (2016). ECI Software that works! OpenECI is designed by and for ECI Campaigners. Accessed 18 January, 2019, from http://www.citizens-initiative.eu/open-eci
Thomson, J. (2014). What didn’t happen with the European Citizens’ Initiative…and what did. In C. Berg, & J. Thomson (Eds.), An ECI that works! Learning from the first two years of the European Citizens’ Initiative (pp. 73–76). The ECI Campaign. Accessed January 18, 2019, from www.ecithatworks.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/An_ECI_That_Works.pdf
Winkler, R. (2007). Electronic participation. Theoretical reflections and empirical assessment: The EU’s online platform Your Voice in Europe. Dissertation at the University of Vienna.
- Formal Agenda-Setting (European Level)
Ira van Keulen
- Chapter 9
Neuer Inhalt/© ITandMEDIA