Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
In situ rainwater harvesting is recognised as a key strategy to improve agriculture production to ensure food security, and several techniques exist that have proved successful in improving soil water storage and fertility. However, widespread adoption of these techniques is hampered by absence of adequate quantifiable evidence of their impact as well as a limited understanding of the determinants of adoption. This paper presents the impact of simple in situ rainwater harvesting techniques and explores some of the factors that led to better adoption of such techniques, based on a case study from Rwambu region in Uganda. It concludes that the adoption of the interventions is affected by current productivity of the land or availability of other land for farming, available resources and their competing uses, labour constraints and past approaches for promoting the interventions.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Barron J Okwach G (2005) Run-off water harvesting for dry spell mitigation in maize (Zea mays L.): results from on-farm research in semi-arid Kenya. Agric Water Man 74, 1–21.
Barungi M, Edriss A and Mugisha J (2013) Factors influencing the adoption of soil erosion control technologies by farmers along the slopes of Mt. Elgon in eastern Uganda. J of Sust Dev, 6(2), p 9.
Boserup E (1965) The condition of agricultural growth. The Economics of Agrarian Change under Population Pressure. Allan and Urwin, London.
Bouma J A Hegde S S Lasage R (2016) Assessing the returns to water harvesting: A meta-analysis. Agric Water Manag 163: 100–109.
Critchley W and Gowing J (Eds) (2012) Water Harvesting in Sub-Saharan Africa Routledge.
Critchley W and Siegert K (2001) A Manual for the Design and Construction of Water Harvesting Schemes for Plant Production. FAO, Rome.
Cole P, Pinfold J, Ho G (2013) Examining the methodology of participatory design to create innovative sanitation technologies in rural Malawi. WEDC BRIEFING PAPER 1677.
Descheemaeker K, Mapedza E, Amede T, (2010) Effects of integrated watershed management on livestock water productivity in water scarce areas in Ethiopia. Phys and Chem of the Earth, Parts A/B/C, 35(13), 723–729.
Fox P, Röckstrom J, Barron J (2005) Risk analysis and economic viability of water harvesting for supplemental irrigation in semi-arid Burkina Faso and Kenya. Agric Syst 83, 231–250.
Hatibu N, Mutabazi K, Senkondo, E.M (2006) Economics of rainwater harvesting for crop enterprises in semi-arid areas of East Africa. Agric Wat Manag 80, 74–86.
Kisekka J.W (2015) How a “small” smartly designed project can have great impact: the tale of the Rwambu Environmental Sustainability Pilot project. Available at: http://www.rain4food.net/how-a-small-smartly-designed-project-can-have-great-impact-the-tale-of-the-rwambu-environmental-sustainability-pilot-project/.
Kisekka J W, Busingye E (2015a) The power of 3R: the story of David Rukyiloru. In: Yetmegn S, Kisekka J.W, Koelman E.M (2015) Rainwater champions: Stories from Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda. RAIN, Amsterdam.
Kisekka J W, Busingye E (2015b) Pay a little, gain a lot: the story of Fred Akahurira Junior. In: Yetmegn S, Kisekka J.W, Koelman E.M (2015) Rainwater champions: Stories from Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda. RAIN, Amsterdam.
Kisekka JW, Busingye E (2015c) Sharing the water, sharing the wealth: the story of Kazaro Kahenano. In: Yetmegn S, Kisekka J W, Koelman E.M (2015) Rainwater champions: Stories from Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda. RAIN, Amsterdam.
Liu C W, Huang H C, Chen S K, Kuo Y M (2004). Subsurface return flow and groundwater recharge of terrace fields in Northern Taiwan. Paper No. 03041 JAWRA.
Mekdaschi S R Liniger H (2013) Water Harvesting: Guidelines to Good Practice. Centre for Development and Environment (CDE), Bern, Rainwater Harvesting Implementation Network (RAIN), Amsterdam, MetaMeta, Wageningen, The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), Rome.
Mwangi M, Rutten M (2012) Water innovations among the Maasai pastoralists of Kenya: The role of outside interventions in the performance of traditional shallow wells. Transforming Innovations in Africa: Explorative Studies on Appropriation in African Societies 11: 257.
Negusse T, Yazew E, Tadesse, N (2013) Quantification of the impact of integrated soil and water conservation measures on groundwater availability in Mendae catchment, Abraha We-Atsebaha, eastern Tigray, Ethiopia. Momona Ethio J of Science, 5(2), 117–136.
NEMA (2001) Uganda State of the Environment Report 2000 Version 2. National Environment Management Authority, Kampala.
Ngigi S (2003) Rainwater harvesting for improved food security, Promising Technologies in the Greater Horn of Africa, KRA GHARP Nairobi.
Onneweer M (2014a) Environmental sustainability pilot in Rwambu – Interventions in place. Avaialable at: http://rsr.akvo.org/en/project/2301/update/7970/.
Onneweer M (2014b) The ground water table is rising, time for some business. Avaialable at: http://rsr.akvo.org/en/project/2301/update/7971/.
Osbahr, H., Dorward, P., Stern, R., & Cooper, S. (2011). Supporting agricultural innovation in Uganda to respond to climate risk: linking climate change and variability with farmer perceptions. Exper Agric, 47(02), 293–316.
Tiffen M, Mortimore M, Gichuki F (1993) More people, less erosion: Environmental recovery in Kenya. Wiley, Chichester.
Vohland K, and Barry B (2009) A review of in situ rainwater harvesting (RWH) practices modifying landscape functions in African drylands. Agric, Ecosyst & Env, 131(3), 119–127.
- Fostering the Adoption of In Situ Rainwater Harvesting for Food Security in Rwenzori Region, Uganda
James W. Kisekka