More and more attention is paid to epidemics of infectious diseases that spread through populations across large regions and under condition may result on increased mortality in the infected population. In this paper, a FPGA processor based on Cellular Automata (CA) able to produce successive epidemic fronts, as it is expected by theory, is presented. The proposed CA SIR (Susceptible, Infectious and Recovered) model successfully includes the effect of movement of individuals, on the epidemic propagation as well as the effect of population vaccination which reduces the epidemic spreading. The FPGA design results from the automatically produced synthesizable VHDL code of the CA model and is advantageous in terms of low-cost, high speed and portability. Finally, the resulted hardware implementation of the CA model is considered as basic component of a wearable electronic system able to provide real time information concerning the epidemic propagation on the under test part of the examined population.
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- FPGA Realization of a Cellular Automata Based Epidemic Processor
Georgios Ch. Sirakoulis
- Springer Berlin Heidelberg
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