Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
The purpose of this chapter is to introduce the essential role of frameworks in measuring and managing sustainability in transportation. In Chap. 6 indicators were defined as key informational devices for planning and delivery with a number of distinct applications. Frameworks organize how combinations of indicators are selected and used. The chapter starts by defining and describing frameworks and why they are important. It then outlines a wide range of methods to ‘frame’ indicators, from broad ideas and paradigms, to more specific systems adopted by organizations. The active process of ‘framing,’ i.e., setting up a framework to develop and apply indicators and performance measures will also be discussed. The chapter will illustrate a number of generic framework types as well as practical frameworks that are used in areas such as transportation appraisal, environmental planning, sustainability assessment, and performance measurement. These examples are each discussed in terms of how well they support thinking and acting upon sustainability in transportation, and how well they support the different indicator applications that were introduced in Chap. 6. The chapter will summarize the key features a framework should generally possess in order to provide optimal support to sustainability, without proposing one master framework to fit all situations. In the case studies discussed in Chaps. 8–11, detailed examples of the application of frameworks will be analyzed. The analysis will draw from the concepts and typologies presented in this chapter, and will serve to show how different contexts in terms of spatial scale, institutional setting, policy goals, or task portfolio can affect how sustainability is framed and measured.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Adelle, C., & Weiland, S. (2012). Policy assessment: The state of the art. Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal, 30(1), 25–33. CrossRef
Arrow, K. J., Cropper, M. L., Gollier, C., Groom, B., Heal, G. M., Newell, R. G., et al. (2012, December). How should benefits and costs be discounted in an intergenerational context? The views of an expert panel. Resources for the future (Discussion paper 12–53). Accessed May 2, 2015, from http://www.rff.org/RFF/Documents/RFF-DP-12-53.pdf
Assmuth, T., & Hilden, M. (2008). The significance of information frameworks in integrated risk assessment and management. Environmental Science and Policy, 11, 71–86. CrossRef
Bakker, P., Koopmans, C., & Nijkamp, P. (2010). Appraisal of integrated transport policies. In M. Givoni & D. Banister (Eds.), Integrated transport: From policy to practice. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge.
Becker, J. (2007). How frameworks can help operationalize sustainable development indicators. World Futures, 63, 137–150. CrossRef
Bickel, P., Burgess, A., Hunt, A., Laird, J., Lieb, C., Lindberg, G., et al. (2005). State-of-the-art in project assessment. HEATCO Deliverable 2. HEATCO developing harmonised European approaches for transport costing and project assessment.
Boezeman, D., Leroy, P., Maas, R., & Kruitwagen, S. (2010). The (limited) political influence of ecological economics: A case study on Dutch environmental policies. Ecological Economics, 69(9), 1756–1764. CrossRef
Bond, A. J., & Morrison-Saunders, A. (2009). Sustainability appraisal: Jack of all trades, master of none? Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal, 27(4), 321–329. CrossRef
Bristow, A. L., & Nellthrop, J. (2000). Transport project appraisal in the European Union. Transport Policy, 7, 51–60. CrossRef
Browne, D., & Ryan, L. (2011). Comparative analysis of evaluation techniques for transport policies. Environmental Impact Assessment Review, 31(3), 226–233. CrossRef
Bryce, J., Flintsch, G., & Hall, R. P. (2014). A Multi-Criteria decision analysis technique for sustainable infrastructure management business practices. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 32, 435–445. CrossRef
Castillo, H., & Pitfield, D. E. (2010). ELASTIC—A methodological framework for identifying and selecting sustainable transport indicators. Transportation Research Part D, 15, 179–188. CrossRef
Cempel, E. (2010). A CFO’s handbook on performance management. Washington, DC: American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials.
Cobb, C., & Rixford, G. (1998, October 30–31). Competing paradigms in the development of social and economic indicators. In CSLS conference on the state of living and the quality of life in Canada, Ottawa, ON.
de Ridder, W., Turnpenny, J., Nilsson, M., & von Raggamby, A. (2007). A framework for tool selection and use in integrated assessment for sustainable development. Journal of Environmental Assessment Policy and Management, 9(4), 423–441. CrossRef
DG Regio. (2008). Structural funds, cohesion fund and instrument for pre-accession. Brussels: European Commission, Directorate General Regional Policy. Guide to Cost-Benefit Analysis of investment projects.
EEA. (2011). Laying the foundations for greener transport TERM 2011: Transport indicators tracking progress towards environmental targets in Europe (EEA Report No 7/2011). Copenhagen: European Environment Agency.
Falcocchio, J. C. (2004). Performance measures for evaluating transportation systems—Stakeholder perspective. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 1895, 220–227. CrossRef
FHWA. (2003, August). Economic analysis primer. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration.
Fischer, T. (2006). Strategic environmental assessment and transport planning: Towards a generic framework for evaluating practice and developing guidance. Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal, 24(3), 183–197. CrossRef
Fischer, T., Dalkmann, H., Lowry, M., & Tennøy, A. (2010). The dimensions and context of transport decision making. Chapter 4. In R. Joumard & H. Gudmundsson (Eds.), Indicators of environmental sustainability in transport: An interdisciplinary approach to methods.(pp. 79–102). INRETS report, Recherches R282, Bron, France, 422 p. Accessed April 26, 2015, from http://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00492823/fr/
Gasparatos, A., El-Haram, M., & Horner, M. (2008). A critical review of reductionist approaches for assessing the progress towards sustainability. Environmental Impact Assessment Review, 28, 286–311. CrossRef
Giorgi, L., & Tandon, A. (2002). Introduction: The theory and practice of evaluation. In L. Giorgi & A. Pearman (Eds.), Project and policy evaluation in transport (pp. 1–13). Aldershot: Ashgate.
Hayashi, Y., & Morisugi, H. (2000). International comparison of background concept and methodology of transportation project appraisal. Transport Policy, 7, 73–88. CrossRef
Highways Agency. (2013, January). Value management requirements, Version 2. London: Highways Agency, Department for Transport.
Himanen, V., Lee‐Gosselin, M., & Perrels, A. (2004). Impacts of transport on sustainability: Towards an integrated transatlantic evidence base. Transport Reviews, 24(6), 691–705. CrossRef
Holden, E., Linnerud, K., & Banister, D. (2013). Sustainable passenger transport: Back to Brundtland. Transportation Research Part A, 54, 67–77. CrossRef
Hughes, B. (2011). Performance reporting of transport reform outcomes: Measuring the value of what can be managed. Bentley, WA, Australia: Curtin–Monash Accident Research Centre, School of Public Health, Curtin University.
Jeon, C. M., & Amekudzi, A. M. (2005). Addressing sustainability in transportation systems: Definitions, indicators, and metrics. Journal of Infrastructure Systems, 11, 31–50. CrossRef
Jeon, C. M., Amekudzi, A. M., & Guensler, R. L. (2013). Sustainability assessment at the transportation planning level: Performance measures and indexes. Transport Policy, 25, 10–21. CrossRef
Jørgensen, A., Le Bocq, A., Nazarkina, L., & Hauschild, M. (2008). Methodologies for social life cycle assessment. The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 13(2), 96–103. CrossRef
Joumard, R., & Gudmundsson, H. (Eds.). (2010). Indicators of environmental sustainability in transport: An interdisciplinary approach to methods. INRETS report, Recherches R282, Bron, France, 422 p. Accessed April 26, 2015, from http://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00492823/fr/
Joumard, R., & Nicolas, J. P. (2010). Transport project evaluation methodology within the framework of sustainable development. Ecological Indicators, 10(2), 136–142. CrossRef
Kahn Ribeiro, S., & Figueroa, M. J. (Eds.). (2012). Chapter 9—Energy end-use: Transport. In Global energy assessment—Toward a sustainable future (pp. 1203–1306). Cambridge, UK/Laxenburg, Austria: Cambridge University Press/International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis.
Kates, R. W., Clark, W. C., Corell, R., Hall, M. J., Jaeger, C. C., Lowe, I., McCarthy, J. J., Schellnhuber, H. J., Bolin, B., & Dickson, N. M. (2001). Sustainability science. Science, 292, 641–642. CrossRef
Kloepffer, W. (2008). Life cycle sustainability assessment of products (with Comments by Helias A. Udo de Haes, p. 95). The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 13(2), 89–95. CrossRef
Litman, T. (2009, November 14). Sustainable transportation indicator data quality and availability. Victoria, BC: Victoria Transport Policy Institute. Accessed April 26, 2015, from http://www.vtpi.org/
Mackie, P., & Worsley, T. (2013). International comparison of transport appraisal practice. Leeds: Institute for Transport Studies, University of Leeds.
Martin-Cejas, R. R., & Sanchez, P. P. R. (2010). Ecological footprint analysis of road transport related to tourism activity: The case for Lanzarote Island. Tourism Management, 31(2010), 98–103. CrossRef
Meunier, D. (2012). Towards a sustainable development approach in transport assessment. Procedia—Social and Behavioral Sciences, 48, 3065–3077. CrossRef
Munda, G. (2006). Social multi-criteria evaluation for urban sustainability policies. Land Use Policy, 23, 86–94. CrossRef
National Roads Authority of Ireland. (2008, November 20). Environmental impact assessment of national road schemes—A practical guide. Dublin, Revision 1, 106 p.
Ness, B., Urbel-Piirsalu, E., Anderberg, S., & Olsson, L. (2007). Categorising tools for sustainability assessment. Ecological Economics, 60(3), 498–508. CrossRef
Niemeijer, D. (2002). Developing indicators for environmental policy: Data-driven and theory-driven approaches examined by example. Environmental Science and Policy, 5, 91–103. CrossRef
OECD. (1999). Indicators for the integration of environmental concerns into transport policies. ENV/EPOC/SE(98)1/FINAL. Paris: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.
OECD. (2003). Environmental indicators—Development, measurement and use. Reference paper. Paris: OECD.
OECD. (2010). Guidance on sustainability impact assessment. Paris: OECD.
Pei, Y. L., Amekudzi, A. A., Meyer, M. D., Barrella, E. M., & Ross, C. L. (2010). Performance measurement frameworks and development of effective sustainable transport strategies and indicators. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 2163, 73–80. CrossRef
Polletta, F., & Ho, M. K. (2006). Frames and their consequences. Chapter 10. In R. E. Goodin & C. Tilly (Eds.), The oxford handbook of contextual political studies. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press.
Pope, J., & Dalal-Clayton, B. (2011). From SEA to sustainability assessment? Chapter 34. In B. Sadler, R. Aschemann, & J. Dusik (Eds.), Handbook of strategic environmental assessment. London: Earthscan.
Quinet, E. (2011). Cost–benefit indicators and transport programming. Fiscal Studies, 32(1), 145–175. CrossRef
Ramani, T., Zietsman, J., Hall, R. P., Marsden, G., & Gudmundsson, H. (2011). A generally applicable sustainability assessment framework for transportation agencies. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 2242, 9–18. CrossRef
Rametsteiner, E., Pulzl, H., Alkan-Olsson, J., & Frederiksen, P. (2011). Sustainability indicators development—Science or political negotiation? Ecological Indicators, 11, 61–70. CrossRef
Ravelomanantsoa, M., Ducq, Y., & Vallespir, B. (2010). Integration of requirements for performance indicator system definition and implementation methods. In: B. Vallespir & T. Alix (Eds.), APMS 2009, IFIP AICT, Vol. 338, pp. 530–537.
Sabatier, P. (Ed.). (1997). Theories of the policy process. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
Sager, T., & Ravlum, I.-A. (2005). The political relevance of planners’ analysis: The case of a parliamentary standing committee. Planning Theory, 4(1), 33–64. CrossRef
Sager, T., & Sørensen, C. H. (2011). Planning analysis and political steering with new public management. European Planning Studies, 19(2), 217–241. CrossRef
Samberg, S., Bassok, A., & Holman, S. (2011). Method for evaluation of sustainable transportation—Toward a comprehensive approach. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 2242, 1–8. CrossRef
SIKA. (2006). Follow-up of the Swedish transport policy objectives. Östersund: SIKA. Accessed June 9, 2010, from http://www.sika-institute.se/Doclib/2006/sr_2006_4_eng.pdf
Singh, R. K., Murty, H. R., Gupta, S. K., & Dikshit, A. K. (2009). An overview of sustainability assessment methodologies. Ecological Indicators, 9, 189–212. CrossRef
Sørensen, C. H., & Gudmundsson, H. (2010). The impact of governance modes on sustainable transport—The case of bus transport in Greater Manchester, UK. World Review on Intermodal Transportation Research, 3(1–2), 8–25. CrossRef
Stiglitz, J. E., Sen, A., & Fitoussi, J. P. (2009). Report by the Commission on the Measurement of Economic Performance and Social Progress. Accessed April 26, 2015, from http://www.stiglitz-sen-fitoussi.fr/documents/rapport_anglais.pdf
UN. (2007). Indicators of sustainable development: Guidelines and methodologies (3rd ed.). New York, NY: United Nations. October 2007.
Vedung, E. (1997). Public policy and program evaluation. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction. 336 p.
Waheed, B., Khan, F., & Veitch, B. (2009). Linkage-based frameworks for sustainability assessment: Making a case for driving force-pressure-state-exposure-effect-action (DPSEEA) frameworks. Sustainability, 1, 441–463. CrossRef
WSDOT. (2011). The gray notebook. GNB 43, Quarter ending September 30, 2011 published November 18, 2011. Office of the Washington State Department of Transportation. Accessed April 26, 2015, from www.wsdot.wa.gov/accountability
Zietsman, J., & Ramani, T. (2011). Sustainability performance measures for state DOTs and other transportation agencies—Contractors final report (NCHRP Report 708). Washington, DC: Transportation Research Board of the National Academies. Accessed April 26, 2015, from http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/nchrp/docs/NCHRP08-74_FR.pdf
Zietsman, J., Ramani, T., Potter, J., Reeder, V., & DeFlorio, J. (2011). A guidebook for sustainability performance measurement for transportation agencies (NCHRP Report 708). Washington, DC: Transportation Research Board.
Bell, S., & Morse, S. (2003). Measuring sustainability: Learning from doing. London: Earthscan.
Dalal-Clayton, B., & Sadler, B. (Eds.). (2014). Sustainability appraisal: A sourcebook and reference guide to international experience. Abingdon: Routledge.
ITF. (2011). Improving the practice of transport project appraisal. ITF Round Tables No 149. International Transport Forum. Paris: OECD.
Nilsson, M., Jordan, A., Turnpenny, J., Hertin, J., Nykvist, B., & Russel, D. (2008). The use and non-use of policy appraisal tools in public policy making: An analysis of three European countries and the European Union. Policy Sciences, 41, 335–355. CrossRef
Ralph P. Hall
- Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Neuer Inhalt/© Stellmach, Neuer Inhalt/© BBL, Neuer Inhalt/© Maturus, Pluta Logo/© Pluta, Neuer Inhalt/© hww, So bewältigen Sie Stress im Fernstudium/© granata68 | stock.adobe.com | AdobeStock, „Immer mehr Mittelständler entdecken Crowdlending“/© Kapilendo