Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
In spite of his reputation as a defender of freedom, Hayek did not value human rights, claiming it to be a relatively recent concept derived from combining ‘the old civil rights’ with rights derived from Marxism. His conception of freedom is a minimal form of freedom, which serves as a very useful tool in promoting the superiority of the ‘free’ market economy. His concept of freedom includes economic freedom in the ‘free’ market (with negative freedom as components) while, at the same time, excluding positive freedom and ignoring ethical and moral values. It should, therefore, come as no surprise that Hayek accepted the invitation to visit Chile during General Pinochet’s dictatorship—or that he claimed ‘personal freedom was much greater under Pinochet than it had been under Allende.’ In their efforts to preserve Hayek’s reputation by providing justifications for his decision, Bruce Caldwell and Leonidas Montes resort to providing incomplete information and concealing certain facts, while misrepresenting others. Furthermore, the discrepancies between the English and Spanish language versions of ‘Friedrich Hayek and His Visits to Chile’ (in terms of the information included and omitted) appear to have been strategic decisions based on the audiences being targeted—which suggests a deliberate and concerted effort to mislead their readers. They failed to fully enlighten their English- and Spanish-speaking readers about this ‘controversial episode’ in Hayek’s life. This chapter demonstrates that they were overzealous in their defense of Hayek: they present him almost as a naïve and saintly figure—in the face of persuasive evidence to the contrary.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Backhouse, R. E. (2006). Hayek on Money and the Business Cycle. In E. Feser (Ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Hayek (pp. 34–50). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef
Burbach, R. (2003). The Pinochet Affair. New York: Zed Books.
Caldwell, B., & Montes, L. (2014a, August). Friedrich Hayek and His Visits to Chile (CHOPE Working Paper No. 2014-12).
Caldwell, B., & Montes, L. (2014b). Friedrich Hayek and His Visits to Chile. Review of Austrian Economics (First online: 26 September). CrossRef
Caldwell, B., & Montes, L. (2015a). Friedrich Hayek and His Visits to Chile. Review of Austrian Economics, 28(3), 261–309. CrossRef
Caldwell, B., & Montes, L. (2015b). Friedrich Hayek y sus dos Visitas a Chile. Estudios Públicos, 137(verano), 87–132. https://www.cepchile.cl/cep/site/artic/20160304/asocfile/20160304101209/rev137_BCaldwell-LMontes.pdf.
Castro, F. (2007). Fidel Castro Reader (F. P. Roque, Ed.). New York: Ocean Press.
Collier, S., & Sater, W. F. (1996). History of Chile, 1808–1994. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Couso, J. A. (2011). Trying Democracy in the Shadow of an Authoritarian Legality: Chile’s Transition to Democracy and Pinochet’s Constitution of 1980. Wisconsin International Law Journal, 29(2), 393–415.
Fischer, K. (2009). The Influence of Neoliberalism in Chile Before, During, and After Pinochet. In P. Mirowski & P. Plehwe (Eds.), The Road from Mont Pèlerin: The Marketing of the Neoliberal Thought Collective (pp. 305–346). Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Friedman, M. (1962). Capitalism and Freedom. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
Gustafson, K. (2007). Hostile Intent: U.S. Covert Operations in Chile, 1964–1974. Washington, DC: Potomac Books.
Harberger, A. C. (2016). Sense and Economics: An Oral History with Arnold Harberger. Interviews conducted by Paul Burnett in 2015 and 2016 Oral History Center, The Bancroft Library, University of California Berkeley, CA. http://digitalassets.lib.berkeley.edu/roho/ucb/text/harberger_arnold_2016.pdf.
Hayek, F. A. (1960). The Constitution of Liberty. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
Hayek, F. A. (1981, April 12). Extracts from an Interview Friedrich von Hayek. El Mercurio (pp. D8–D9), Santiago de Chile.
Hayek, F. A. (1982 ). Law, Legislation and Liberty: The Mirage of Social Justice. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
Hayek, F. A. (1982 ). Law, Legislation and Liberty: The Political Order of a Free People. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
Hayek, F. A. (1989). Hayek on Hayek. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
Hayek, F. A. (1992 , July). The Road from Serfdom. Reason. http://reason.com/archives/1992/07/01/the-road-from-serfdom/5.
Hayek, F. A. (1994 ). The Road to Serfdom. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
Kissinger, H. (1979). White House Years: The First Volume of His Classic Memoirs. New York: Simon and Schuster.
Kornbluh, Peter. (2003). The Pinochet File: A Declassified Dossier on Atrocity and Accountability. New York: The New Press.
Mitch, D. (2015). Morality Versus Money: Hayek’s Move to the University of Chicago. In R. Leeson (Ed.), Hayek: A Collaborative Biography Part IV England, the Ordinal Revolution and the Road to Serfdom, 1931–1950. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Mitch, D. (2016). A Year of Transition: Faculty Recruiting at Chicago in 1946. Journal of Political Economy, 124(6), 1714–1734. CrossRef
Mirowski, P. (2014). The Political Movement that Dared Not Speak Its Own Name: The Neoliberal Thought Collective Under Erasure (Working Paper No. 23). http://cms.ineteconomics.org/uploads/papers/WP23-Mirowski.pdf.
Mirowski, P., & Plehwe, P. (2009). The Road from Mont Pèlerin: The Marketing of the Neoliberal Thought Collective. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Mitchell, T. (2009). How Neoliberalism Makes Its World. In P. Mirowski & P. Plehwe (Eds.), The Road from Mont Pèlerin: The Marketing of the Neoliberal Thought Collective (pp. 386–416). Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
O’Shaughnessy, H. (2000). Pinochet: The Politics of Torture. New York: New York University Press. CrossRef
Parmar, I. (2014). Foundations of the American Century: The Ford, Carnegie, and Rockefeller Foundations in the Rise of American Power. New York: Columbia University Press.
Peterson, D. J. (1999). Revoking the Moral Order: The Ideology of Positivism and the Vienna Circle. New York: Lexington Books.
Phillips-Fein, K. (2009). Business Conservatives and the Mont Pèlerin Society. In P. Mirowski & P. Plehwe (Eds.), The Road from Mont Pèlerin: The Marketing of the Neoliberal Thought Collective (pp. 280–301). Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Plehwe, D. (2009). Introduction. In P. Mirowski & P. Plehwe (Eds.), The Road from Mont Pèlerin: The Marketing of the Neoliberal Thought Collective (pp. 1–42). Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Pollack, M. (1999). New Right in Chile. New York: St. Martin’s Press Inc. CrossRef
Van Overtveltd, J. (2007). The Chicago School: How the University of Chicago Assembled the Thinkers Who Revolutionized Economics and Business. Chicago: Agate.
- Friedrich Hayek and His Visits to Chile: Some Austrian Misrepresentations
- Chapter 11
Neuer Inhalt/© Stellmach, Neuer Inhalt/© BBL, Neuer Inhalt/© Maturus, Pluta Logo/© Pluta, Neuer Inhalt/© hww, Voraussetzungen für wirtschaftliche additive Fertigung/© Marco2811 | Fotolia