Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
We realize that water is a resource only when it becomes scarce. Until now, the issue seemed to interest only the least fortunate countries in the world, but this could all change: firstly because “high-quality” water—non-polluted freshwater—represents only a small part of the planet’s reserves and secondly because of the increasing demand for water due to both the growing world population and more widespread wealth, which spurs more people in more countries to use (and waste) more water. Water use should be considered in both “real” terms (calculating the amount of water used for bathing, cooking, cleaning, etc.) and “virtual” terms (i.e., water footprint), estimating the total amount of water used in the entire life cycle of any product of service.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Allan, J. A. (2011). Virtual Water: Tackling the threat to our planet’s more precious resource. London, New York: I.B Tauris.
Barilla. (2011a). 2010 Sustainability Report.
Barilla. (2011b). Environmental Product Declaration of made-in-Italy durum wheat dried pasta in paperboard box, Revision 2.1 (valid for 3 years after approval, registration number S-P-00217, date of approval March 10, 2011).
Barilla. (2012a). Good for you, Sustainable for the planet… in other words, our way of doing business. 2011 Sustainability Report.
Barilla. (2012b). Water Report 2012. Stockholm water week draft, version 1.
Barilla—Mulino Bianco (2011), Environmental Product Declaration of Tarallucci biscuits, Revision 1 of March 10, 2011, Certification n. S-P-00226.
Barilla Center for Food and Nutrition. (2011a). Water economy, Parma.
Barilla Center for Food and Nutrition. (2011b). Double pyramid: Healthy diet for all and environmentally sustainable. Parma.
Barilla Center for Food and Nutrition. (2012). Doppia piramide: Favorire scelte alimentari consapevoli. Parma.
Hanemann, M. (2005). The value of water. Berkeley: University of California.
Hoekstra A. Y. & Hung P. Q. (2002). Virtual water trade: A quantification of virtual water flows between nations in relation to international crop trade. Value of Water Research Report Series, vol. 11. Delft: UNESCO-IHE.
Hoekstra A. Y. (2008). The water footprint of food. Water for food. The Swedish Research Council for Environment. (pp. 49–60).
Hoekstra, A. Y., Chapagain, A. K., Aldaya, M. M., & Mekonnen, M. M. (2011). The water footprint assessment manual: Setting the global standard. London: Earthscan.
International Water Management Institute. (2007). Water for food, water for life: A comprehensive assessment of water management in agriculture—summary book. Colombo, London: Earthscan.
Mekonnen M. M. & Hoekstra A. Y. (2010). The green, blue and grey water footprint of crops and derived crop products. Value of water research report series, vol. 47. Delft: UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education.
Molden, D. (2007). Water for food, water for life: A comprehensive assessment of water management in agriculture. London: Earthscan.
Renault D. (2002). Value of virtual water in food: Principles and virtues. In A. Y. Hoekstra (Ed) Proceedings of the Expert Meeting, UNESCO-IHE, 12–13 Dec 2002.
Renault D. & Wallender W. W. (2000). Nutritional water productivity and diets: From ‘crop per drop’ towards ‘nutrition per drop’. Agricultural Water Management, XLV, 275–296.
World Water Forum. (2012). The “Double Water Pyramid” to promote sustainable diets. Village of Solutions, Knowledge Pavilion. Solution for water n. 2348.
Zimmer D. & Renault D. (2003). Virtual water in food production and global trade: Review of methodological issues and preliminary results. In A. Y Hoekstra (Ed.), Virtual water trade: Proceedings of the International Expert Meeting on Virtual Water Trade. Value of Water Research Report Series n. 12. Delft: UNESCO-IHE, Institute for Water Education.
- From the BCFN’s Double Pyramid to Virtual Water in the Production of Pasta Barilla
Carlo Alberto Pratesi