Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
The city is an undeniably human creation, full of our emotions, impressions, and experiences. Yet the policy and regulatory processes that govern the city are often evidence-based. Unless a viewpoint or submittal is validated by experts, these processes may preclude the ability of an individual to have a meaningful impact on urban change. In official deliberations, as elected officials have often told me, the potential human experience is underemphasized in favor of tangible structures, cross-sections, and models.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Nan Ellin, “The Tao of Urbanism,” in What We See: Advancing the Observations of Jane Jacobs, ed. Stephen A. Goldsmith and Lynne Elizabeth (Oakland, CA: New Village Press, 2010), 52.
Mohsen Mostafavi, “Tale of Cities,” in In the Life of Cities, ed. Mohsen Mostafavi (Zürich: Lars Müller; Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Graduate School of Design, 2012), 15.
* See: David Campany, Doug Rickard: A New American Picture (New York: Aperture, 2012); see also: http://www.dougrickard.com/a-new-american-picture/.
** For examples of Bill Guffey’s paintings, see: http://virtualpaintout.blogspot.com.
† Justin Blinder’s cross-sections appear at: http://projects.justinblinder.com/Vacated.
Braided River explains its approach and associated books, exhibits, and events at: http://www.braidedriver.org.
Heart Foundation, “Neighborhood Walkability Checklist,” 2011, https://heartfoundation.org.au/images/uploads/main/Active_living/Neighbourhood-walkability-checklist.pdf.
See: chapter 2, notes 53–63.
See: Marc Kushner, “A New Golden Age of Architecture,” March 10, 2015, https://medium.com/@marchitizer/a-new-golden-age-of-architecture-825fb7ed652c.
For viewing a selection of Marc Kushner’s talks, see: https://www.ted.com/talks/marc_kushner_why_the_buildings_of_the_future_will_be_shaped_by_you; also, see: Marc Kushner, “Form No Longer Follows Function, It Works with It,” https://vimeo.com/128494365; and: “Architecture Is Undergoing a Democratic Revolution,” http://www.psfk.com/2015/05/architizer-ceo-marc-kushner-architecture-democratic-revolution.html.
See: Francesca Perry, “Lagos on Instagram: From Selling Bubblegum to Cycling in the Sun,” The Guardian, February 26, 2016, http://www.theguardian.com/cities/2016/feb/26/lagos-on-instagram-from-selling-bubblegum-to-cycling-in-the-sun.
For more details regarding this event, see: http://www.whatdoyoupicture.ca/; see also: http://vancouver.ca/home-property-development/neighbourhood-planning-projects.aspx.
See: Corelia Barbarac, “The ‘Urban Spacebook’ Experimental Process: Co-designing a Platform for Participation,” Journal of Community Informatics 10, no. 3 (2014), http://ci-journal.net/index.php/ciej/article/view/1129/1119.
See, for example: Kirsten Howard, “NH Citizens and Photographers Invited to Participate in King Tide Photo Contest Wednesday at Noon,” NH Coastal Adaptation Workgroup Blog, October 27, 2015, http://ci-journal.net/index.php/ciej/article/view/1129/1119); see also: http://nhblog.stormsmart.org/nh-citizens-and-photographers-invited-to-participate-in-king-tide-photo-contest-wednesday-at-noon/.
For Boston app, see: http://www.cityofboston.gov/doit/apps/311.asp; for Philadelphia app, see: http://www.phila.gov/311/Pages/default.aspx.
To learn more about Austin’s thirty-year Imagine Austin plan, see: http://www.austintexas.gov/department/about-imagine-austin.
For details regarding Austin’s CodeNEXT initiative, see: http://austintexas.gov/codenext.
For a list of frequently answered questions regarding Austin’s “Community Character in a Box” toolkit, see: http://www.austintexas.gov/sites/default/files/files/Planning/CodeNEXT/Community_Character_in_a_Box_FAQ1.pdf.
For a digital brochure of Austin’s “Community Character in a Box” toolkit, see: https://www.austintexas.gov/sites/default/files/files/Planning/CodeNEXT/CODENEXT-CCB-PART-11x17-HANDOUT_v5-13-14_Revised.pdf.
To view a compilation of event photos from CodeNEXT, see: https://www.flickr.com/photos/119725136@N06/sets.
See: Phoebe Crisman, “Outside the Frame: A Critical Analysis of Urban Image Surveys,” Places 16, no. 2 (2006). See also: http://www.people.virginia.edu/~pc4v/pdf/Crisman_Outside_the_Frame_Places_07.pdf.
Caroline Wang and Mary Ann Burris, “Photovoice: Concept, Methodology, and Use for Participatory Needs Assessment,” Health Education & Behavior 24, no. 3 (1997): 369.
Photovoice resources include: Ricardo da Silva Vieria and Paula Antunes, “Using Photo-Surveys to Inform Participatory Urban Planning Processes: Lessons from Practice,” Land Use Policy 38 (2014), 497–508 and: Amelia Brown, “Photography & Participation: How Photovoice Engages and Rebuilds Communities, Creative Exchange, May 21, 2015, http://www.springboardexchange.org/features/photovoice.aspx.
See: Debra Webb, “Placemaking and Social Equity, Expanding the Framework of Creative Placemaking,” Activate, a Journal of Entrepreneurship and the Arts 3, no. 1 (2014), 35–48. The leaders of the Yesler Terrace photovoice project included Claire Garoutte, of Seattle University’s fine arts department; Asfaha Lemlem, coordinator of Yesler Terrace RechTec Computer Lab and Learning Center; Kat Vellos, program director at Youth in Focus; and Assaye Abunie, executive director of the Multimedia Resource and Training Institute.
To view student work from the Yesler Terrace Youth Media project, see: http://ytyouthmedia.com.
Webb, “Placemaking and Social Equity,” 44.
To learn about the California King Tides Project’s 2014 flood risk documentation, see: http://california.kingtides.net/plan/our-coast-our-future/.
To learn more about WALKscope’s data collection process, see: http://www.walkscope.org/tips/.
“Precedent Mini-Case: Bryant Park, New York City, NY,” in Places in the Making: How Placemaking Builds Places and Communities (White Paper, Department of Urban Studies and Planning, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2013), https://dusp.mit.edu/sites/dusp.mit.edu/files/attachments/project/mit-dusp-places-in-the-making.pdf.
Charles Arthur, “Google Buys Neural Network City Guide Creator Jetpac,” The Guardian, August 18, 2014, https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2014/aug/18/google-buys-neural-network-city-guide-creator-jetpac.
See: Charles Arthur, “Instagram Pictures Reveal Belfast as the UK’s Happiest City,” The Guardian, January 13, 2014, https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2014/jan/13/instagram-pictures-belfast-uk-happiest-city-jetpac.
For a summary of Cesar Hidalgo’s empirical work at the MIT Media Lab, as well as studies by Marco De Nadai and Bruno Lepri, see: Kelsey Campbell-Dollaghan, “What a Neural Network Thinks About Your Neighborhood—And Why It Matters,” FastCompany Co-Design, August 9, 2016, http://www.fastcodesign.com/3062516/what-a-neural-network-thinks-about-your-neighborhood-and-why-it-matters.
Researchers increasingly study uploaded and aggregated Instagram photographs to derive conclusions about human behavior and wealth distribution. See: Linda Poon, “Donating Your Selfies to Science,” CityLab, February 16, 2016, http://www.citylab.com/tech/2016/02/photo-share-social-media-instagram-google-street-view-urban-life-airtick/462495/; see also: Linda Poon, “What Instagram Reveals About Inequality in New York City,” CityLab, July 27, 2016, http://www.citylab.com/tech/2016/07/what-instagram-reveals-about-inequality-in-new-york-city/493046/.
To read about Abbotsford’s community-engagement work through the Abbotsforward initiative, visit: http://www.abbotsford.ca/business_and_development/major_initiatives/abbotsforward_ocp_update.htm#Stage2.
For a compilation of data collection methods from the Abbotsforward initiative, see: https://www.abbotsford.ca/Assets/2014+Abbotsford/Planning+and+Development/OCP+Update/Abbotsforward+Background+Research+Report+-+Appendix+A.pdf.
To learn more about how the Adelaide engaged community members through the Picture Adelaide 2040 initiative, see: http://pictureadelaide.com.au.
For a summary of activities and results from the Picture Adelaide 2040 initiative, see: http://pictureadelaide.com.au/user_assets/0e5873a230b49cc8d6c48effb610693d733a069d/pa2040.pdf.
To view a summary of Albany 2030’s public outreach efforts and results, see: http://www.albany2030.org/files/sites/default/files/Appendix%20B_PublicOutreach.pdf.
To learn more about how San Jose used the Wikiplanning online tool as part of a civic engagement campaign, see: https://www.sanjoseca.gov/DocumentCenter/View/3336.
Elena Umanskaya, “Public Participation in Historic Preservation Planning: Engaging the Community into Planning for Redmond’s Historic Core,” University of Washington, CEP Senior Project, 2014, 29.
“Walk, Talk, and Explore Redmond’s Old Town Historic Core,” Redmond Reporter, May 31, 2014, http://www.redmond-reporter.com/community/261299841.html.
For a detailed workbook of Redmond’s “Walk & Talk & Nuts & Bolts” workshop, see: http://www.redmond.gov/common/pages/UserFile.aspx?fileId=128441.
Interview with Kim Dietz, March 2016.
For a list of recent planning topics under review by the City of Redmond, see: http://www.redmond.gov/cms/One.aspx?portalId=169&pageId=556.
To read a list of community-based outcomes from Melbourne’s Central City Urban Forest planning effort, see: http://participate.melbourne.vic.gov.au/application/files/9314/1273/6913/Central_City_Urban_Forest_Consultation_Outcomes.pdf.
Murphy McCullough, interview, March 2016.
See, for example: “Central District Discusses 23rd Ave Business Support,” Capitol Hill Times, March 16, 2016, http://www.capitolhilltimes.com/2016/03/central-district-discusses-23rd-ave-business-support/.
For more on the DRiVEdecisions real estate online tool, see: https://drivedecisions.com.
Randolph T. Hester, Design for Ecological Democracy (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2010), 7.
See: Lindsey Collins and Kendra L. Smith, “Empowered Design, by ‘The Crowd,’” Planetizen, March 17, 2016, http://www.planetizen.com/node/85008/empowered-design-crowd.
Ryan Smolar, “BOTTOM UP,” Smolarcorp, April 20, 2015, http://smolarcorp.weebly.com/blog/bottom-up.
Sally Clark, interview, November 2015.
For Seattle flickr photos, see: https://www.flickr.com/photos/30516210@N02/collections/.
For additional detail about the Seattle design-review process, see: http://www.seattle.gov/dpd/aboutus/whoweare/designreview/designguidelines/default.htm; http://www.seattle.gov/dpd/cs/groups/pan/@pan/documents/web_informational/p2402708.pdf; http://www.seattle.gov/dpd/cs/groups/pan/@pan/documents/web_informational/dpds021441.pdf; http://www.seattle.gov/dpd/cs/groups/pan/@pan/documents/web_informational/dpds021442.pdf.
Daniel G. Parolek, Karen Parolek, and Paul C. Crawford, Form-Based Codes: A Guide for Planners, Urban Designers, and Developers (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, 2008), 123.
For more on the reinventer.paris design competition see: http://www.reinventer.paris/en/home/.
For recent updates on the work of reinventer.paris participants, see: http://www.reinventer.paris/en/meet-up/.
Feargus O’Sullivan, “A High-Stakes Contest to ‘Reinvent Paris’ Fails to Impress,” CityLab, February 8, 2016, http://www.citylab.com/design/2016/02/reinventing-paris-winner-jean-louis-missika-anne-hidalgo/460425/.
- From Urban Diaries to Policies, Plans, and Politics
Charles R. Wolfe
- Island Press/Center for Resource Economics