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Über dieses Buch

Maximizing reader insights into the principles of designing furniture as wooden structures, this book discusses issues related to the history of furniture structures, their classification and characteristics, ergonomic approaches to anthropometric requirements and safety of use. It presents key methods and highlights common errors in designing the characteristics of the materials, components, joints and structures, as well as looking at the challenges regarding developing associated design documentation. Including analysis of how designers may go about calculating the stiffness and endurance of parts, joints and whole structures, the book analyzes questions regarding the loss of furniture stability and the resulting threats to health of the user, putting forward a concept of furniture design as an engineering processes. Creating an attractive, functional, ergonomic and safe piece of furniture is not only the fruit of the work of individual architects and artists, but requires an effort of many people working in interdisciplinary teams, this book is designed to add important knowledge to the literature for engineer approaches in furniture design.



Chapter 1. The History of Furniture Construction

At the dawn of human civilisation, when the concept of furniture was not yet known, man, driven only by the need to make life easier, in a natural way used various objects made spontaneously by nature.
Jerzy Smardzewski

Chapter 2. Classification and Characteristics of Furniture

Furniture is objects of applied arts intended for mobile and permanent furnishing of residential interiors. Among other things, it serves for storage, work, eating, sitting, lying down, sleeping and relaxing. Furniture can be used individually, in suites or sets.
Jerzy Smardzewski

Chapter 3. Ergonomics of Furniture

By using furniture, the human being becomes a part of the system known as the anthropotechnic system. The elements of this system are as follows: the animate part, so the human body, and the inanimate part, that is the technical element (Winkler in Komputerowo wspomagane projektowanie systemów antropotechnicznych. WNT, Warsaw, 2005).
Jerzy Smardzewski

Chapter 4. Introduction to Engineering Design of Furniture

Each year, at furniture fairs that take place periodically, furniture factories present their latest models based on modern technology, construction and an attractive aesthetic and functional form.
Jerzy Smardzewski

Chapter 5. Technical Documentation

The immediate product of design and construction activities is technical documentation. It is a collection of drawings and other documents that are created during designing. Bearing in mind the order of documentation arising, the variability of the scope and partly the form, as well as separate treatment in the evaluation and approval system, various types of technical documentation of furniture are distinguished.
Jerzy Smardzewski

Chapter 6. Stiffness and Strength Analysis of Skeletal Furniture

Constructions of skeletal furniture belong to the group of multiple statically indeterminate spatial systems.
Jerzy Smardzewski

Chapter 7. Stiffness and Strength Analysis of Case Furniture

Unlike craft furniture, industrially manufactured furniture should be created according to a specific, repetitive technology, in the conditions of mechanised serial production. Also a number of important structural, technical, organisational and commercial requirements have to be fulfilled, unknown to crafts factories and furniture workshops. These requirements have become an essential stimulus to the overall mechanisation and technification of furniture production, which has also resulted in the need to prepare their design documentation.
Jerzy Smardzewski

Chapter 8. Stiffness and Strength Analysis of Upholstered Furniture

Upholstery frames belong to 3D structures, i.e. to constructions created from stiffly connected rods (elements), the axes of which make up curved or polygonal lines not lying in one plane, or 2D frames, but loaded with forces not lying in the system plane (Fig. 8.1).
Jerzy Smardzewski
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