The flow of gases through the solid crust has received very little consideration in the past. Volcanic regions in which magma channels extend to deep levels have, of course, been considered as conduits for gases either dissolved in the magma or bubbling up through it. Nonvolcanic regions where the rock is solid have generally been thought to allow no gas flow. This general belief has meant that all the numerous manifestations of gases in the crust have been ascribed to local gas generation processes in the shallow layers rather than to penetration of gases emerging from deep levels. This has been so despite the large body of evidence of massive gas eruptions, some related to earthquakes, and the information of widespread gas seepage in many areas of the globe.
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- General Considerations of the Flow of Gases Through the Crust
- Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Systemische Notwendigkeit zur Weiterentwicklung von Hybridnetzen