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No modern medium has been detested as much as television. The chapter reviews key works by Mary Whitehouse, Marie Winn, Jerry Mander and Neil Postman deeming television to be a cause of social ills in the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s. Television was seen to undermine democracy, community and enlightenment, obstructing a moral lifestyle, and impairing mental and physical health. The chapter discusses collective action against television through movements such as TV-Free America, the British White dot and Adbusters. While anti-television activism did not inspire a general rejection of television, TV-Turnoff Week from the mid-1990s became a way for organizations, professions, communities and individuals to demonstrate their resentment and point to television as an explanation for social change to the worse.
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———. TV Turnoff 99. 6 August 2002. http://web.archive.org/web/20020806041340/http:/www.adbusters.org/campaigns/tvturnoff/toolbox/update99.html
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The Matrix. Directed by The Wachowski Brothers, 1999.
Burke, David, and Jean Lotus. Spy-TV. London: Slab-O-Concrete Publications, 2000.
Burke, Lotus, and Jean Lotus. Get A Life! London: Bloomsbury, 1998.
Cai, Xiaomei. TV-Turnoff Week. 2014. http://knowledge.sagepub.com/view/childmedia/n447.xml
Christus Rex. Pope Urges “fast” from TV during Lent. 10 March 1996. http://www.christusrex.org/www2/news-old/3-96/es3-10-96.html
Croteau, David, and William Hoynes. Media/Society: Industry, Images and Audiences. London: Sage, 2012.
Dundjerski, Marina. Group Gives TV a Cold Reception. 24 April 1997. http://articles.latimes.com/1997-04-24/entertainment/ca-51886_1_tv-free-america
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Freedman, Dan. “Weeklong Television Turnoff aims at 5 Million Viewers.” Tuscaloosa News, 20 April 1998.
Friedman, Monroe. Consumer Boycotts: Effecting Change through the Marketplace and the Media. Routledge: New York and London, 1999.
Giersing, Morten. TV i USA. København: Gyldendal, 1986.
Hirsch, Arthur. Taking On- and Turning Off. 26 April 1998. http://articles.baltimoresun.com/1998-04-26/features/1998116062_1_labalme-television-years-south-park
Johnson, Carla. Channel Snubbing Kids Turn On To Other Activities During TV-turnoff Week. 1 May 1996. http://m.spokesman.com/stories/1996/may/01/channel-snubbing-kids-turn-on-to-other-activities
Katz, Elihu, and Paddy Scannell. “The End of Television? Its Impact on the World (So Far).” The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 2009: 1–236.
Kaufman, Ron. A Nation of Morons. 11 October 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20071011215954/http://turnoffyourtv.com/commentary/morons/stupid.html
Kelly, Jim. He Took The Bet And Lost. 3 May 1996. http://articles.mcall.com/1996-05-03/news/3093312_tv-turnoff-week-tv-free-america-waddell
Krcmar, Marina. Living Without the Screen: Causes and Consequences of Life Without Television. New York: Norton, 2009.
Mander, Jerry. Four Arguments for the Elimination of Television. New York: Morrow, 1978 .
McAlister, Nancy. For 7 days, TV’s a Turnoff. 22 April 1999. http://jacksonville.com/tu-online/stories/042299/ent_S0422Tur.html
McGrane, Bernard, and John Gunderson. Watching TV Is Not Required: Thinking About Media and Thinking About Thinking. New York: Routledge, 2010.
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Meyrowitz, Joshua. No Sense of Place. New York, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1985.
Minow, Newton N. “‘Television and the Public Interest’. Speech on May 9th, 1961 to National Association of Broadcasters, Washington, DC.” American Rhetoric. 1961. http://www.americanrhetoric.com/speeches/newtonminow.htm
Portwood-Stacer, Laura. “Media Refusal and Conspicuous Non-Consumption: The Performative and Political Dimensions of Facebook Abstention.” New Media and Society, December 2012: 15(7): 1041–1057. CrossRef
Postman, Andrew. “Introduction.” In Amusing Ourselves to Death, by Neil Postman, vii–xvi. London: Penguin, 2005b.
Postman, Neil. Amusing Ourselves to Death. London: Penguin, 2005a .
Putnham, Robert D. Bowling Alone: The Collapse and Revival of American Community. New York: Simon and Schuster, 2000. CrossRef
Refsnes, Ingeborg. “TV-fri uke i Melhus.” Adresseavisa, 24 January 2006.
Rogers, Everett M. Diffusions of Innovations. New York: The Free Press, 1995 .
Rothman, David. Ray Bradbury on Fahrenheit 451: “I Wasn’t Worried About Censorship—I was Worried about People Being Turned into Morons by TV”. 4 June 2007. http://teleread.com/ray-bradbury-on-fahrenheit-451-i-wasnt-worried-about-censorship-i-was-worried-about-books-being-turned-into-morons-by-tv/
Screen-Free week. History of SFW. 2014. http://www.screenfree.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/HistoryOfSFW.pdf
Shulins, Nancy. “Tips for foreldre som vil endre sine TV-vaner.” NTB, 03 December 1987.
Singer, Stacey. Week Turns Kids On To Turning Off. 25 April 1996. http://articles.chicagotribune.com/1996-04-25/news/9604250110_1_henry-labalme-tv-free-america-matt-pawa
Smith, Anthony, and Richard Paterson. Television: An International History. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998.
Stulen, Hege. “En uke uten skjermbilde.” Sandefjords blad, 28 April 2005.
Sundet, Vilde Schanke. “Making Sense of Mobile Media.” PhD-thesis, University of Oslo, Oslo, 2012.
Syvertsen, Trine, Gunn Enli, Ole Mjøs, and Hallvard Moe. The Media Welfare State. Nordic Media in the Digital Era. Michigan: University of Michigan Press, 2014. CrossRef
Tracey, Michael, and David Morrison. Whitehouse. London: MacMillan, 1979. CrossRef
TV Turnoff. About Us. 6 August 2002a. http://web.archive.org/web/20020806195313/http://www.tvturnoff.org/aboutus.htm
———. International TV-Turnoff. 4 October 2002d. http://web.archive.org/web/20021004025015/http://tvturnoff.org/international.htm
———. Surgeon General: Watch less TV. 18 August 2000b. http://web.archive.org/web/20000818231304/http:/tvturnoff.org/ArticlesPage2.htm
———. TV Turnoff. 7 June 2002c. http://web.archive.org/web/20020607135840/http://turnoffyourtv.com/TV.turnoff.week.html
———. TV Turnoff Network. 16 August 2000a. http://web.archive.org/web/20000816033801/http://www.tvturnoff.org/StaffPage.htm
Ulveseth, Kari. “Ja til skjermfrihet.” Adresseavisen, 30 April 2005: 31.
White dot. About Us. 2000b. http://www.whitedot.org/issue/fix_aboutus.asp
———. Britain Ignores White Dot Endorsement. 2015. http://www.whitedot.org/issue/iss_front.asp
———. FAQS. 2000a. http://www.whitedot.org/issue/fix_faqs.asp
———. Get Out of the Box. 21 April 2009. https://jagadees.wordpress.com/2009/04/21/tv-free-life/
Whitehouse, Mary. Cleaning up TV. From Protest to Participation. London: Blandford Press, 1967.
———. Quite Contrary. An Autobiography. London: Pan Books, 1993.
———. Television: Technology and Cultural Form. London: Routledge, 2008 .
Winn, Marie. The Plug-In Drug. New York: Bantham, 1980 .
———. The Plug-In Drug: Television, Computers, and Family Life. New York: Penguin, 2002.
———. Unplugging the Plug-in-Drug: The “NO TV Week” Guide. New York: Penguin, 1987.
Baker, Stephen. Commentary: The right spot for the idiot box. Available from https://www.businessweek.com/stories/1996-04-28/commentary-the-right-spot-for-the-idiot-box. April 29, 1996.
- “Get a Life!” Anti-Television Agitation and Activism
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