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Über dieses Buch

In this book, space systems are situated in the global processes of the 21st century’s information society and the role that space information systems could play in risk management is determined; methods of detecting and forecasting of both natural disasters and technogenic catastrophes and existing global and regional monitoring systems are described; and the IGMASS is introduced with its architecture and design concept and social and economic aspects and estimates of its creation, development, and utilization. Finally, results of the international symposium held in Limassol, Cyprus, in November 2009 in preparation of the IGMASS project’s submission to the United Nations are discussed.

Inhaltsverzeichnis

Frontmatter

1. Natural Calamities and Their Forecasting

Abstract
Man and the Environment (habitat) comprise an integrated system consisting of numerous inter-related elements, possessing specific traits, and streamlined within certain boundaries. The interaction between Man and the Environment depends on various factors that affect both of them and may be positive and negative at the same time. The negative influence of habitat on Man and his activities is exerted mostly by natural calamities and hazards [ 1].
Valery A. Menshikov, Anatoly N. Perminov, Yuri M. Urlichich

2. Technogenic Emergencies: Can They Be Reliably Predicted?

Abstract
The current level of science, technology, and production places individual countries and mankind in general at risk. Modern society becomes more and more concerned with technogenic safety. Having concentrated in a locational sense tremendous amounts of different kinds of energy, hazardous substances and materials, present-day industry has become a constant source of significant risks associated with mass loss of life and environmental problems during emergencies such as incidents, accidents, and disasters. Although mankind cannot develop without new technologies, their increasing use does not reduce potential risks, but to the contrary often creates new threats and risks. The use of increasingly sophisticated and energy-consuming equipment inevitably results in incidents if not handled properly.
Valery A. Menshikov, Anatoly N. Perminov, Yuri M. Urlichich

3. Global Risks and Threats to Humanity from Outer Space: Prospects of Warning and Parrying

Abstract
On October 8, 2009, an unobserved asteroid approaching the Earth exploded in the upper atmosphere (at height of 15–20 km) directly over South Sulawesi province in Indonesia. According to NASA, this explosion of a 10-m-sized stone object, which entered the dense atmosphere at a speed of more than 20 km/s, realized an energy of 50,000 tons TNT equivalent (three times more powerful than the Hiroshima nuclear blast). The event was detected by the West Ontario University Observatory, at a distance of 16,000 km away from its epicenter.
Valery A. Menshikov, Anatoly N. Perminov, Yuri M. Urlichich

4. The Conception of the International Global Monitoring Aerospace System (IGMASS)

Abstract
These original materials – the conception of the International Global Monitoring Aerospace System(IGMASS) as a system for forecasting destructive natural phenomena and man-made disasters in order to guarantee social, economic, seismic, environmental and geophysical safety, the prevention of other global space threats, as well as the development of information-navigation and telecommunication resources for the planet for the benefit of all humanity – were developed by an innovative team of specialists of the International Academy of Astronautics (IAA) and Russian Academy of Cosmonautics n.a. K.E. Tsiolkovsky (RAKTS). The proposal to create IGMASS was first openly expressed at the International Conference “Modern Space Technologies for the Prosperity of Humanity” (Dnepropetrovsk, Ukraine, 2007). Later it was reported at the International Scientific Forums “Space for Humanity” (Korolyov, Russia, 2008), “Advanced Space Systems and Applications” (Shanghai, China, 2008), at the Mediterranean Conference on Astronautics (Tunisia, 2008), and also at the Academic Day of the International Academy of Astronautics (Glasgow, Scotland, 2008). In 2009 a special international working group of experts (from the USA, France, Germany, Russia, Japan, Italy, India, China, Ukraine, Belarus, Bulgaria, and Tunisia) was formed within the IAA to study the possibility and prospects of the creation of IGMASS. The results of the work of this group were discussed and strongly supported by the heads of several national space institutions, the managers of leading enterprises of the rocket–space industry, outstanding scientists and administrators from more than two dozen countries during the First International Specialized Symposium on “Space and Global Security of Humanity,” which was held in November 2009 in Limassol (Cyprus).
Valery A. Menshikov, Anatoly N. Perminov, Yuri M. Urlichich

5. Space Exploration and Formation of the “Information Field of Global Security”: A New Paradigm of Sustainable Development

Abstract
The main aim of this chapter is to show the absence of an alternative to space facilities as a source of data required to attend to the problems and risks burdening mankind as it enters the postindustrial phase of civilization development – the informational society. In this new phase of our development information has become an economic asset and defines all types of national and global resources. At the same time an intellectual basis is being formed to solve many contemporary issues affecting the World including the constant struggle against global risks of acts of nature and technogenic accidents, threats from abnormal phenomena in space and from space, easing of social frictions and religious intolerance related to humanitarian problems.
Valery A. Menshikov, Anatoly N. Perminov, Yuri M. Urlichich

Backmatter

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