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Low-income developing countries (LIDC) have experienced a rapid increase in economic integration since the early 1990s. This chapter builds a dynamic general equilibrium model that captures important structural characteristics of LIDCs—a large agriculture sector, productivity gaps, and limited financial inclusion—to identify the channels through which integration can affect inclusive growth. The model is used to quantify the growth and distributional effects of the economic and financial liberalization in Ghana in the early 1990s. The results suggest that liberalization contributed significantly to Ghana’s growth take-off and poverty alleviation in 1990–2000. However, with limited labor mobility and persistent skill gaps between sectors, the benefits of integration, particularly from the financial liberalization channel, are concentrated in households with more human capital and access to finance, resulting in higher income inequality.
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- Globalization and Inclusive Growth: Can They Go Hand in Hand in Developing Countries?
Sandra Lizarazo Ruiz
Angelica Martinez Leyva
Marina Mendes Tavares
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