Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
Significant changes in the global economy with respect to trade, investment and technology are casting a shadow over the system at a time when concerns about who has benefited from globalization and who has not is affecting the conduct of national economic policies. Widening inequality in many countries, but principally the U.S., is a concern since America is still the world’s largest and in many respects most open economy. A shift away from openness would harm not only emerging market economies, but also create worries for the maintenance of the system. For this reason, exploring what has driven the rising income inequality in the U.S. is important to understand and this paper lays out those trends in the context of broader issues affecting the future of globalization.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Acemoglu, D., Autor, D., Dorn, D., Hanson, G., & Price, B. (2016). Import competition and the Great US Employment Sag of 2000s. Journal of Labor Economics, 34(1): pt. 2, University of Chicago.
Autor, D., Dorn, D., & Hanson, G. (2015). Untangling trade and technology: Evidence from local labour markets. The Economic Journal, 125(May), 621–646. CrossRef
Bloom, N. (2014). Fluctuations in uncertainty. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 28(2), 153–176. CrossRef
Birdsall, N., Graham, C., & Pettinato, S. (2000). Stuck in the tunnel: Is globalization muddling the middle class?
Brynjolfsson, E., & Mitchell, T. (2017). Track how technology is transforming work. Nature: International Weekly Journal of Science. Retrieved November 13, 2017, from https://www.nature.com/news/track-how-technology-is-transforming-work-1.21837.
Clement, F., Blair, H., & Trokel, N. (2016). Corporate tax chartbook: How corporations rig the rules to dodge the taxes they owe. Economic Policy Institute. Retrieved from November 8, 2017, from http://www.epi.org/publication/corporate-tax-chartbook-how-corporations-rig-the-rules-to-dodge-the-taxes-they-owe/.
Constantinescu, C., Mattoo, A., & Ruta, M. (2015). The global trade slowdown: Cyclical or structural?. IMF. Retrieved November 13, 2017, from https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/wp/2015/wp1506.pdf.
Corak, M. (2006). Do poor children become poor adults? Lessons from a cross-country comparison of generational earnings mobility. Dynamics of inequality and poverty (pp. 143–188). Emerald Group Publishing Limited.
Corak, M. (2013). Income Inequality, Equality of Opportunity, and Intergenerational Mobility. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 27(3), 79–102. CrossRef
D’Addio, A. (2007). Intergenerational transmission of disadvantage: mobility or immobility across generations? A Review of Evidence for OECD Countries: OECD
Donnan, S., & Fleming, S. (2015). America’s middle-class meltdown: Core shrinks to half of US Homes. Financial Times. Retrieved from November 9, 2017, from https://www.ft.com/content/98ce14ee-99a6–11e5-95c7-d47aa298f769.
Estache, A., & Leipziger, D. (2009). Stuck in the middle: Is fiscal policy failing the middle class. Brookings Institution Press.
Frey, C., Osborne, M. (2013). The future of employment: How susceptible are jobs to computerisation? Oxford Martin School, University of Oxford.
Gangnes, B., Ma, A., & Van Assche, A. (2015). Global value chains and the trade-income relationship. In B. Hoekman (Ed.). The Global Trade Slowdown: A New Normal? pp. 111–126. CEPR Press and A VoxEU.org ebook.
Graham, C. (2008). Economics of happiness. In Blume, L., & Durlauf, S. (eds). The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics. Macmillan, London.
Graham, C., & Lora, E. (2009). Paradox and perception: Measuring quality of life in latin America. Brookings Institution Press.
Greenstone, M., & Looney, A. (2012). Just how progressive is the U.S. Tax Code?. Brookings Institute. Retrieved November 9, 2017, from https://www.brookings.edu/blog/up-front/2012/04/13/just-how-progressive-is-the-u-s-tax-code/.
IP Commission Report (2017). The Theft of American Intellectual Property: Reassessments of the Challenge and United States Policy. Update to IP Commission Report, May 2013. National Bureau of Asian Research.
Katz, L. (2014). America’s jobs and inequality challenges. Retrieved November 11, 2017 from http://www.hbs.edu/faculty/conferences/2014-business-beyond-the-private-sphere/Documents/America%27s%20Jobs%20and%20Inequality%20Challenges.pdf.
Kim, K., & Leipziger, D. (1997). Korea: A case of government-led development. In Leipziger (ed). Lessons from East Asia: 155–212. University of Michigan Press.
Leipziger, D., & Dodev, V. (2016). Disruptive technologies and their implications for economic policy: Some preliminary observations. Institute of International Economic Policy: The George Washington University.
Leipziger, D. (2017). Make globalization more inclusive or suffer the consequences. The Growth Dialogue. Policy Brief, p. 13.
Milanovic, B. (2016). Global inequality: A new approach for the age of globalization. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press. CrossRef
McKinsey Global Institute (2017). A future that works: Automation, employment, and productivity. McKinsey & Company.
Office of the Vice President (2010). Annual Report of the White House Task Force on the Middle Class. Retrieved from November 13 2017, from https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/sites/default/files/microsites/100226-annual-report-middle-class.pdf.
Pechman, J. (1985). Who paid the taxes, 1966–85? Brookings Institution Press.
Pew Research Center (2015). The American middle class is losing ground. Pew Research Center. Retrieved from November 11, 2017, from http://www.pewsocialtrends.org/2015/12/09/the-american-middle-class-is-losing-ground/.
Piketty, T. (2014). Capital in the twenty-first century. Harvard University Press.
Piketty, T., & Saez, E. (2007). How progressive is the U.S. federal tax system? A historical and international perspective. Journal of Economic Perspectives, Winter 2017, 21(1): 3–24. CrossRef
Piketty, T., Saez, E., & Zucman, G. (2016). Distributional national accounts: Methods and estimates for the United States.
Rodrik, D. (2011). The globalization paradox: Democracy and the future of the world economy. W.W. Norton & Company.
Rodrik, D. (2017). Straight talk on trade: Ideas for a sane world economy. Princeton University Press.
Stiglitz, J. (2002). Globalization and its discontents. W. W. Norton & Company.
Stiglitz, J. (2012). The price of inequality: How today’s dividend society endangers our future. W.W, Norton & Company.
U.S. Congress (2012). The impact of intellectual property theft on the economy. Joint Economic Committee.
- Globalization and National Income Inequality: Observations and Lessons from the U.S. Experience
Danny M. Leipziger
Neuer Inhalt/© Stellmach, Neuer Inhalt/© Maturus, Pluta Logo/© Pluta, digitale Transformation/© Maksym Yemelyanov | Fotolia