International migration seems an ideal field to explore the workings of glocalization understood as the process of simultaneous homogenization and heterogenization of economic, sociocultural, and political forms (Robertson, 1994; Robertson and White, 2005), yet curiously this connection has attracted minimal attention from scholars and, such that there is, is almost exclusively from those not directly affiliated with (im)migration studies (Giulianotti and Robertson, 2004, 2007; for a rare exception, see Fitzgerald, 2004, on the transformative penetration of Mexican hometown politics onto the agenda of a local branch of the American labour union). In considerable part this neglect reflects, I believe, a “nichification” of (im)migration studies within its own field-specific agendas, meetings, journals, and research networks — evidence of the very success of this specialization but at the cost of a parochialism of interests and pursuits.1 If at all echoed in these studies, the concerns of mainstream disciplines represented by (im)migration specialists are those of anthropology as a new and vocal presence in the field since the 1990s. Probably most commonly invoked has been Arjun Appadurai’s (1996) concept of “multi-scalar scapes”, used to denote the simultaneity of the multi-level, in this case, global and local dimensions of human actors’ experience in the contemporary world.
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- Glocalization Effects of Immigrants’ Activities on the Host Society
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