Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
Common pool resources, by definition, are difficult to govern. The governance of water as a common pool resource is even more complex because of its unique physical characteristics, our special relation to it, and its necessity for life. Western societies have developed three approaches to governance of common pool resources: (1) government regulation; (2) the division of the resource into private property; and (3) self-organisation involving both governmental and nongovernmental actors. This chapter asserts that the unique nature of water requires the availability of all three approaches for use in combination if society is to rise to the challenge presented by the impact of growing population and climate change on water supply and demand. Long-term drought provides a window on potential future climate scenarios. In the face of long-term drought, Australia and the western United States have responded through innovation in water governance. This provides an opportunity for comparative analysis of reform to begin to understand the combination of governance approaches that lead to greater adaptive capacity.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Arizona general stream adjudication. (n.d.). https://www.superiorcourt.maricopa.gov/SuperiorCourt/GeneralStreamAdjudication/Index.asp. Accessed 19 Mar 2017.
Arnold, C. A. (Tony). (2010). Adaptive watershed planning and climate change. Environmental and Energy Law and Policy Journal, 5, 417–488.
Avey, S., & Harvey, D. (2014). How water scientists and lawyers can work together: A “Down Under” solution to a water resource management problem. Journal of Water Law, 24, 45.
Benson, R. (2012). Alive but irrelevant: The prior appropriation doctrine in today’s western water law. Colorado Law Review, 83(3), 674–714.
Brodie, R., Sundaram, B., Tottenham, R., Hostetler, S., & Ransley, T. (2007). An adaptive management framework for connected groundwater-surface water resources in Australia. Bureau of Rural Sciences, Canberra. http://www.southwestnrm.org.au/sites/default/files/uploads/ihub/brodie-r-et-al-2007-adaptive-management-framework-connected-groundwater.pdf. Accessed 20 Mar 2017.
Brown, E. G. Jr. (Governor of California). (2014). A proclamation of a state of emergency. https://www.gov.ca.gov/news.php?id=18368. Accessed 25 Mar 2017.
Brunner, R. D., Colburn, C. H., Cromley, C. M., Klein, R. A., & Olson, E. A. et al. (Eds.). (2005). Adaptive governance: Integrating science, policy, and decision making. New York: Columbia University Press.
Bryner, G., & Purcell, E. (2003). Groundwater law sourcebook of the Western United States. Natural Resources Law Center, University of Colorado. http://scholar.law.colorado.edu/books_reports_studies/74/. Accessed 18 Mar 2018.
California Natural Resources Agency, California Environmental Protection Agency and California Department of Food and Agriculture. 2016 update of January 2014 Plan. California Water Action Plan 2016 Update http://resources.ca.gov/docs/california_water_action_plan/Final_California_Water_Action_Plan.pdf. Accessed 23 Mar 2017.
California Water Code. (n.d.). http://leginfo.legislature.ca.gov/faces/codesTOCSelected.xhtml?tocCode=wat. Accessed 18 Mar 2018.
Chaffin, B. C., Craig, R. K., & Gosnell, H. (2014b). Resilience, adaptation, and transformation in the Klamath River Basin social-ecological system. Idaho Law Review, 51, 157–193.
Clifford, P., Landry, C., & Larsen-Hayden, A. (2004). Analysis of water banks in the western Sstates. (Report for the Washington Department of Ecology, July 2004) https://fortress.wa.gov/ecy/publications/publications/0411011.pdf. Accessed 14 Mar 2017.
Colby, B. G. (1990). Transaction costs and Efficiency in western water allocation. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 1184–1192. CrossRef
Cosens, B. (2016). Water law reform in the face of climate change: Learning from drought in Australia and the western United States. Environmental and Planning Law Journal, 33, 372–387.
Cosens, B. A., Craig, R. K., Hirsch, S., Arnold, C. A., Benson, M. H., DeCaro, D. A., Garmestani, A. S., Gosnell, H., Ruhl, J., & Schlager, E. (2017). The role of law in adaptive governance. Ecology and Society 22(1):30. https://doi.org/10.5751/ES-08731-220130 in Chaffin, B., Gunderson, G., & Cosens, B. (Eds.). Special issue in Ecology and Society: Practicing panarchy: Assessing legal flexibility, ecological resilience and adaptive governance in U.S. regional water systems experiencing climate change. https://www.ecologyandsociety.org/issues/view.php?sf=122. Accessed 18 Mar 2018.
Craig, R. K. (2010a). Stationarity is dead: Long live transformation: Five principles for climate change adaptation law. Harvard Environmental Law Review, 34(1), 9–75.
Craig, R. K. (2010b). Adapting water law to public necessity: Reframing climate change adaptation as emergency response and preparedness. Vermont Journal of Environmental Law, 11, 709–756. CrossRef
Dellapenna, J. W. (2000). The importance of getting names right: The myth of markets for water. William and Mary Environmental Law and Policy Review, 25(2), 317–377.
Dimick, D. (2014). If you think the water crisis can’t get worse, wait until the aquifers are drained. National Geographic News. http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2014/08/140819-groundwater-california-drought-aquifers-hidden-crisis/. Accessed 20 Mar 2017.
Famiglietti, J. S., Thomas, B. F., Reager, J. T., Castle, S. L., David, C. H., Thomas, A. C., et al. (2014). Satellite observations of epic California drought. Abstracts AGU Fall Meeting, 15–19 December 2014. < https://agu.confex.com/agu/fm14/meetingapp.cgi#Paper/14433.
Field, C. B., Barros, V. R., Dokken, D. J., Mach, K. J., Mastrandrea, M. D., Bilir, T. E., et al. (Eds.). (2014). Climate change 2014: Impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability. Part A: Global and sectoral aspects. Contribution of working group II to the fifth assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change, New York: Cambridge University Press.
Folke, C., Hahn, T., Olsson, P., & Norberg, J. (2005). Adaptive governance of social-ecological systems. Annual Review of Environmental Resources, 30, 441–473. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.energy.30.050504.144511. CrossRef
Ganzel, B. (n.d.) Irrigation pumps. Farming in the 1940s: Wessels living history farm. http://www.livinghistoryfarm.org/farminginthe40s/water_04.html. Accessed 22 Mar 2017.
Hardin, G. (1968). The Tragedy of the Commons. Science, 162, 1243–1248. CrossRef
Harrington N., & Cook, P. (2014). Groundwater in Australia. National Centre for Groundwater Research and Training, Australia. http://www.groundwater.com.au/media/W1siZiIsIjIwMTQvMDMvMjUvMDFfNTFfMTNfMTMzX0dyb3VuZHdhdGVyX2luX0F1c3RyYWxpYV9GSU5BTF9mb3Jfd2ViLnBkZiJdXQ/Groundwater%20in%20Australia_FINAL%20for%20web.pdf. Accessed 14 Mar 2017.
Holley, C., Sinclair, D., Lopez-Gunn, E., & Schlarger, E. (2016). Collective management of groundwater. In T. Jakeman, O. Barreteau, R. Hunt, J.-D. Rinaudo, & A. Ross (Eds.), Integrated groundwater management: Concepts, approaches and challenges. Springer.
Idaho Statutes. (n.d.). Idaho Water Use Act and Groundwater Act Title 42. https://legislature.idaho.gov/statutesrules/idstat/Title42/. Accessed 18 Mar 2018.
Idaho Water Adjudications. (n.d.). https://www.idwr.idaho.gov/water-rights/adjudication/. Accessed 18 Mar 2018.
Jiménez Cisneros, B. E., Oki, T., Arnell, N. W., Benito, G., Cogley, J. G., Döll, P., et al. (2014). Freshwater resources. In C. B. Field, V. R. Barros, D. J. Dokken, K. J. Mach, M. D. Mastrandrea, T. E. Bilir, M. Chatterjee, K. L. Ebi, Y. O. Estrada, R. C. Genova, B. Girma, E. S. Kissel, A. N. Levy, S. MacCracken, P. R. Mastrandrea, & L. L. White (Eds.), Climate change 2014: Impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability. Part A: Global and sectoral aspects. Contribution of working group II to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (pp. 229–269). New York: Cambridge University Press.
Johnson, R. N., Gisser, M., & Werner, M. (1981). The definition of a surface water right and transferability. Journal of Law and Economics, 24(2), 273–288. CrossRef
Karkkainen, B. C. (2004). “New governance” in legal thought and in the world: Some splitting as antidote to overzealous lumping. Minnesota Law Review, 89, 471–497.
Kiparsky, M., Owen, D., Nylen, N. G., Christian-Smith, J., Cosens, B., Doremus, H., et al. (2016). Designing effective groundwater sustainability agencies: Criteria for evaluation of local options. Report of the Wheeler Water Institute, Center for Law, Energy and the Environment, University of California, Berkeley, School of Law, Berkeley, CA, USA. https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/clee/research/wheeler/groundwater-governance-criteria/. Accessed 19 Mar 2017.
MacDonnell, L. J. (1990). The water transfer process as a management option for meeting changing water demands. Vol I. USGS Grant Award No 14–08-0001-G1538, University of Colorado.
MacDonnell, L. J. (2012). Montana v. Wyoming: Sprinklers, irrigation water use efficiency and the doctrine of recapture. Golden Gate University Environmental Law Journal, 5, 265–295.
MacDonnell, L. (2015). Prior appropriation: A reassessment. University of Denver Water Law Review, 18, 228–310.
McKay, J. (2007). Groundwater as the Cinderella of water laws, policies, and institutions in Australia. In G. Bergkamp, & J. McKay (Eds.), The global importance of groundwater in the 21st Century: Proceedings of the International Symposium on Groundwater Sustainability. National Groundwater Association International Symposium on Groundwater Sustainability 2007, IUCN-UNESCO, Spain. (pp. 317–331).
McKay, J. (2011). Water markets and yrading. In C. Davis, & B. Swinton (Eds.), Securing Australia’s water future. Focus Publishing.
Milly, P. C., Betancourt, J., Falkenmark, J., Hirsch, M., Kundzewicz, R. M., Lettenmaier, Dennis P., et al. (2008). Stationarity is dead: Whither water management? Science, 319, 573–574. CrossRef
Mitchell, B. (2014). Evolving regional, integrated and engagement approaches for natural resources management in South Australia. Report as part of the ANZSOG-Goyder Institute Visiting Professor in Public Sector Policy and Management Program.
Montana Water Court. (n.d.). Montana water court. http://courts.mt.gov/courts/water. Accessed 18 Mar 2018.
Olsson, P., Gunderson, L. H., Carpenter, S. R., Ryan, P., Lebel, L., & Folke, C., et al. (2006). Shooting the rapids: Navigating transitions to adaptive governance of social-ecological systems, Ecology and Society, 11(1), 18. http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol11/iss1/art18/. Accessed 18 Mar. 2018
Orts, Eric W. (1995). Reflexive environmental law. Northwestern University Law Review, 89, 1227–1340.
Ostrom, E. (1990). Governing the Commons: The evolution of institutions for collective action. Cambridge University Press.
Ostrom, E. (2009). A general framework for analyzing sustainability of social-ecological systems. Science, 325, 419–422. CrossRef
Smith, A. (1904). An inquiry into the nature and causes of the wealth of nations (5th ed). Methuen & Co Ltd.
South Australia. (n.d.). Water Permit and Licence Register. Water Connect https://www.waterconnect.sa.gov.au/Systems/WLPR/Pages/default.aspx.
Spagat, E. (2015). Salton Sea, California’s largest lake, threatened by urban water transfer. 89.3KPCC, http://www.scpr.org/news/2015/06/03/52175/salton-sea-california-s-largest-lake-threatened-by/. Accessed 17 Mar 2017.
Stoeckel, K., Webb, R., Woodward, L., & Hankinson, A. (2012). Australian water law. Thomson Reuters.
Tarlock, A. D. (2014). Law of water rights and resources. Thomson Reuters Publications.
Trelease, F. J. (1957). Government ownership and trusteeship of water. California Law Review, 45, 638–654. CrossRef
Turner, A., White, S., Chong, J., Dickinson, M.A., Cooley, H., & Donnelly. K. (2016). Managing drought: Learning from Australia. prepared by the Alliance for Water Efficiency.
United Nations. (2017). World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision. https://www.un.org/development/desa/publications/world-population-prospects-the-2017-revision.html
United Nations General Assembly. (2010). Resolution A/RES/64/292 The Human Right to Water and Sanitation.
Van Dijk, A. I. J. M., Beck, H. E., Crosbie, R. S., de Jeu, R. A. M., Liu, Y. Y., Podger, G. M., et al. (2013). The Millennium Drought in southeast Australia (2001–2009): Natural and human causes and implications for water resources, ecosystems, economy, and society. Water Resources Research, 49(2), 1040–1057. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/wrcr.20123/full. CrossRef
Williams, A. P., Seager, R., Abatzoglou, J. T., Cook, B. I., Smerdon, J. E., & Cook, E. R. (2015). Contribution of anthropogenic warming to California drought during 2012–2014. Geophysical Research Letters, 42, 6819–6828. CrossRef
Wyoming Bighorn Adjudication. (n.d.). http://bhrac.courts.state.wy.us/. Accessed 18 Mar 2018.
Young, M. (2011). The role of the unbundling water rights in Australia’s Southern Connected Murray Darling Basin, Evaluating Economic Instruments for Sustainable Water Management in Europe. IBE Review Report No D6.1, 19 Dec 2011 http://www.feem-project.net/epiwater/docs/d32-d6-1/CS23_Australia.pdf. Accessed 22 Mar 2017.
- Governing the Freshwater Commons: Lessons from Application of the Trilogy of Governance Tools in Australia and the Western United States
- Springer Singapore
Neuer Inhalt/© Stellmach, Neuer Inhalt/© BBL, Neuer Inhalt/© Maturus, Pluta Logo/© Pluta, Neuer Inhalt/© hww, digitale Transformation/© Maksym Yemelyanov | Fotolia