IN the sixth and fifth centuries, when Hellenic civilization was well advanced and the architectural growth of the city-state pretty well complete, the Greeks were still frequently creating new cities — colonies, capitals for federal states and leagues, and replacements of towns very thoroughly destroyed by the Persians and others. In such circumstances it would have been surprising if the inventive genius of the Greeks had not produced some way of town-planning, and attempted to create a city deliberately instead of simply letting it grow; and in fact by the fifth century practical needs had suggested methods, and at the same time architects had had visions of an ideal architectural form for the polis, and were attempting to put them into practice, though aesthetic theory was never allowed to predominate.
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- Greek Town-Planning
R. E. Wycherley
- Macmillan Education UK