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Groundwater banking broadly refers to the large-scale storage of water in aquifers for later use. The storage may be either seasonal or interannual. Interannual storage can provide a buffer against droughts and other interruptions in water supplies (e.g., disruptions of desalination facilities). Groundwater banking is performed by direct recharge using either wells or surface spreading facilities and by in-lieu recharge in which credits are given for groundwater use that is curtailed through conservation or substitution with surface water. The institutional component of groundwater banking includes regulatory issues, ownership of stored water, and the amount, location, and timing of withdrawals. A critical issue is reconciling credits for future withdrawals with the actual increase in the volume of water stored (as quantified by increases in aquifer heads) and potential impacts resulting from the withdrawals. Groundwater banking systems can become “insolvent” if more credits for withdrawals are obtained that can be safely withdrawn when needed
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- Groundwater Banking
Robert G. Maliva
- Chapter 14