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This chapter explores the case of bottled water industry in India where over-exploitation of groundwater by industrial giants in the sector leaves the right-holders unprotected, thwarting their enjoyment of the right to water. Soft drink manufacturing companies and bottled water companies have been progressively establishing manufacturing units all over the country, exploiting, primarily, groundwater for their production needs. Water mining practised by these companies affects the communities dependent upon these resources, but the regulatory atmosphere of groundwater is weak and allows no voice to the dependents of a resource on water use. Decisions regarding groundwater management and exploitation are taken far away from these communities, and institutional structures have not created the spaces for the representation of their interests. In this context, the chapter explores the legal possibility for an alternate approach, namely, decentralised groundwater management, one that is based on the local self-government institutions.
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- Groundwater Management and the Human Right to Water in India: The Need for a Decentralised Approach
- Chapter 8
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