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Über dieses Buch

This monograph is intended for an advanced undergraduate or graduate course of engineering and management science. as well as for persons in business. industry. military or in any field. who want an introductory and a capsule look into the methods of group decision making under multiple criteria. This is a sequel to our previous works entitled "Multiple Objective Decision Making--Methods and Applications (No. 164 of the Lecture Notes). and "Multiple Attribute Decision Making--Methods and Applications (No. 186 of the Lecture Notes). Moving from a single decision maker (the consideration of Lecture Notes 164 and 186) to a multiple decision maker setting introduces a great deal of complexity into the analysis. The problem is no longer the selection of the most preferred alternative among the nondominated solutions according to one individual's (single decision maker's) preference structure. The analysis is extended to account for the conflicts among different interest groups who have different objectives. goals. and so forth. Group decision making under multiple criteria includes such diverse and interconnected fields as preference analysis. utility theory. social choice theory. committee decision theory. theory of voting. game theory. expert evaluation analysis. aggregation of qualitative factors. economic equilibrium theory. etc; these are simplified and systematically classified for beginners. This work is to provide readers with a capsule look into the existing methods. their characteristics. and applicability in the complexity of group decision making.

Inhaltsverzeichnis

Frontmatter

I. Introduction

Abstract
Methods and applications of multiple objective decision making and multiple attribute decision making for a single decision maker have been studied and classified systematically in Hwang and Masud [H55]: Multiple Objective Decision MakingMethods and Applications, and Hwang and Yoon [H56]: Multiple Attribute Decision Making-Methods and Applications. This study — group decision making under multiple criteria — is a sequel to the above works.
Ching-Lai Hwang, Ming-Jeng Lin

II. Social Choice Theory

Abstract
Voting is a group decision making method in a democratic society, an expression of the will of the majority.
Ching-Lai Hwang, Ming-Jeng Lin

III. Experts Judgment and/or Group Participation

Abstract
Today’s decision makers and problem solvers in government, business, industry, and education -- in any area of our society -- are confronted with a variety of problems. These problems are highly complex, often interdisciplinary or transdisciplinary, with social, economic, political, and emotional factors intertwined with more quantifiable factors of physical technology. For example, education involves not only buildings, teachers, and curriculum, but also home life, ethnic attitudes, motivation to learn, economic effects exemplified by the taxpayer’s revolt, effects on power structure, political implications, applicable legislation, discrimination, and more [Warfied, W19]. Therefore, when attempting to solve a problem, all important factors of the problem should be considered.
Ching-Lai Hwang, Ming-Jeng Lin

IV. Game Theory

Abstract
Game theory is a mathematical technique for the analysis of conflict of interest situations. It was introduced by E. Borel in 1921. The theory was generally established by J. von Neumann in 1928, and brought to wide notice in 1944 by J. von Neumann and O. Morgenstern in their book, [V9], Theory of Games and Economic Behavior. A conflict is comprised of participants who freely select various outcomes from a list of alternatives. While the conflicting outcomes may put the players at cross purposes, there may also be room for cooperation among some of them. Game theory attempts to abstract the essential elements of large classes of such competitive situations, put them into mathematical models, and use the scientific approach to analyze these problems. It is concerned with helping participants make the best choices and providing them with a guide for rational behavior when faced with these decisions. The decision makers in real-life problems are overwhelmingly preoccupied with the conflict of interest, be it in business, in politics, or in the military.
Ching-Lai Hwang, Ming-Jeng Lin

V. Concluding Remarks

Abstract
This work of “Group Decision Making Under Multiple Criteria-Methods and Application” is a sequel to our previous works on “Multiple Objective Decision Making-Methods and Applications” [H55], and “Multiple Attribute Decision Making-Methods and Applications” [H56]. It provides readers with a capsule look into the existing methods, their characteristics, and their applicability to the analysis of group decision making problems.
Ching-Lai Hwang, Ming-Jeng Lin

Backmatter

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