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This book focuses on the theory and design methods for guidance, navigation, and control (GNC) in the context of spacecraft rendezvous and docking (RVD). The position and attitude dynamics and kinematics equations for RVD are presented systematically in accordance with several different coordinate systems, including elliptical orbital frame, and recommendations are supplied on which of these equations to use in different phases of RVD. The book subsequently explains the basic principles and relative navigation algorithms of RVD sensors such as GNSS, radar, and camera-type RVD sensors. It also provides guidance algorithms and schemes for different phases of RVD, including the latest research advances in rapid RVD.
In turn, the book presents a detailed introduction to intelligent adaptive control and proposes corresponding theoretical approaches to thruster configuration and control allocation for RVD. Emphasis is placed on the design method of active and passive trajectory protection in different phases of RVD, and on the safety design of the RVD mission as a whole. For purposes of verification, the Shenzhou spacecraft’s in-orbit flight mission is introduced as well.
All issues addressed are described and explained from basic principles to detailed engineering methods and examples, providing aerospace engineers and students both a basic understanding of, and numerous practical engineering methods for, GNC system design in RVD.

Inhaltsverzeichnis

Frontmatter

Chapter 1. Introduction

Abstract
Spacecraft rendezvous and docking, a.k.a. space rendezvous and docking, refers to the motion of two spacecraft in orbit approaching each other with the desired position, speed, and time (i.e., rendezvous) and the structural connection of the two spacecraft after the attitude alignment and final approach (i.e., docking). This chapter introduces the basic concepts of RVD, the different RVD flight phases, some representative RVD mission and the composition of the rendezvous and docking GNC system.
Yongchun Xie, Changqing Chen, Tao Liu, Min Wang

Chapter 2. Rendezvous Kinematics and Dynamics

Abstract
The kinematics and dynamics of rendezvous and docking include orbital equations, attitude equations, and relative motion equations that including the relative position equations and relative attitude equations.
Yongchun Xie, Changqing Chen, Tao Liu, Min Wang

Chapter 3. Navigation Method and Scheme Design for Rendezvous and Docking

Abstract
In order to achieve successful rendezvous and docking, the relative translation and rotation states, which are required by the guidance and control systems, should be accurately determined by the relative navigation system.
Yongchun Xie, Changqing Chen, Tao Liu, Min Wang

Chapter 4. Guidance Method and Schematic Design for Rendezvous and Docking

Abstract
In Chap. 1, the process of rendezvous and docking of a flight mission is divided into far range rendezvous phase and near range autonomous control phase based on the distance.
Yongchun Xie, Changqing Chen, Tao Liu, Min Wang

Chapter 5. Automatic Control Method and Scheme Design for Rendezvous and Docking

Abstract
For a chaser, the difficulties in design of rendezvous and docking controller are mainly reflected by three aspects—stable attitude control of the chaser in the process of orbit control, control of the six degrees of freedom of high-precision relative position and relative attitude in the final approach phase, and the long-term relative position maintenance control at the hold points.
Yongchun Xie, Changqing Chen, Tao Liu, Min Wang

Chapter 6. Manual Control Method and Scheme Design for Rendezvous and Docking

Abstract
The manual control system is a system for astronauts to complete the control tasks of attitude control, rendezvous and docking control, and return and reentry control of the chaser, and monitor the automatic control process with the cooperation of the Instrument and Lighting Subsystem.
Yongchun Xie, Changqing Chen, Tao Liu, Min Wang

Chapter 7. Theory and Design of Thruster Configuration and Control Allocation

Abstract
However, actuators play an important role in implementing RVD control.
Yongchun Xie, Changqing Chen, Tao Liu, Min Wang

Chapter 8. Method and Scheme Design of Safety for Rendezvous and Docking

Abstract
The process of rendezvous and docking consists of a series of orbital maneuvers and controlled trajectories, which make the chaser gradually approach and finally dock with the target.
Yongchun Xie, Changqing Chen, Tao Liu, Min Wang

Chapter 9. Simulation Verification of Rendezvous and Docking

Abstract
Space rendezvous and docking involves 12 degrees of freedom motion. Rendezvous and docking control is a complex, large-scale, and multi-parameter technology.
Yongchun Xie, Changqing Chen, Tao Liu, Min Wang

Chapter 10. RVD Verification in Orbit Flight

Abstract
China began to research and develop space RVD technology at the end of the 20th century. After more than ten years of basic theoretical analysis and engineering design research, a series of breakthroughs have been achieved.
Yongchun Xie, Changqing Chen, Tao Liu, Min Wang
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