Skip to main content
main-content

Tipp

Weitere Artikel dieser Ausgabe durch Wischen aufrufen

Erschienen in: Journal of Business Ethics 3/2021

21.10.2019 | Original Paper

Harmful Stakeholder Strategies

verfasst von: Jeffrey S. Harrison, Andrew C. Wicks

Erschienen in: Journal of Business Ethics | Ausgabe 3/2021

Einloggen, um Zugang zu erhalten
share
TEILEN

Abstract

Stakeholder theory focuses on how more value is created if stakeholder relationships are governed by ethical principles such as integrity, respect, fairness, generosity and inclusiveness. However, it has not adequately addressed strategies that stakeholders perceive as harmful to their interests and how this perception can even lead some stakeholders to view the firm’s strategies as unethical. To fill the void, this paper directly addresses strategies that stakeholders perceive as harmful to their interests, or what we refer to as harmful stakeholder strategies. Specifically, it identifies factors associated with stakeholder perceptions of harm that are likely to cause them to consider a strategy unethical, examines the negative implications for firms that pursue such strategies in terms of likely stakeholder responses and damage to stakeholder relationships, and provides theory to help explain how firms are likely to respond to stakeholder claims that a strategy is unethical, based on factors such as the strategic importance of the claim to the firm, how long the strategy has been in use, the costs of remediation, the risk of stakeholder mobilization or new regulation, and whether firms can reasonably rationalize their actions. Assessing harm allows a firm to make a more accurate estimate of the costs of a strategy and can assist managers in allocating resources intended to reduce or remediate harm.
Literatur
Zurück zum Zitat Albert, S., & Whetten, D. (1985). Organizational identity. In I. I. Cummings & B. M. Staw (Eds.), Research in organizational behavior (Vol. 7, pp. 263–295). Greenwich, CT: JAI Press. Albert, S., & Whetten, D. (1985). Organizational identity. In I. I. Cummings & B. M. Staw (Eds.), Research in organizational behavior (Vol. 7, pp. 263–295). Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.
Zurück zum Zitat Ashforth, B. E., & Anand, V. (2003). The normalization of corruption in organizations. Research in Organizational Behavior, 25, 1–52. CrossRef Ashforth, B. E., & Anand, V. (2003). The normalization of corruption in organizations. Research in Organizational Behavior, 25, 1–52. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Ashforth, B. E., Gioia, D. A., Robinson, S. I., & Treviño, L. K. (2008). Re-viewing organizational corruption. Academy of Management Review, 33, 670–694. CrossRef Ashforth, B. E., Gioia, D. A., Robinson, S. I., & Treviño, L. K. (2008). Re-viewing organizational corruption. Academy of Management Review, 33, 670–694. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Barnett, M. L. (2012). Why stakeholders ignore firm misconduct: A cognitive view. Journal of Management, 40, 676–702. CrossRef Barnett, M. L. (2012). Why stakeholders ignore firm misconduct: A cognitive view. Journal of Management, 40, 676–702. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Barsky, A. (2011). Investigating the effects of moral disengagement and participation on unethical work behavior. Journal of Business Ethics, 104, 59–75. CrossRef Barsky, A. (2011). Investigating the effects of moral disengagement and participation on unethical work behavior. Journal of Business Ethics, 104, 59–75. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Bearman, P. (1997). Generalized exchange. American Journal of Sociology, 102, 1383–1415. CrossRef Bearman, P. (1997). Generalized exchange. American Journal of Sociology, 102, 1383–1415. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Beenen, G., & Pinto, J. (2009). Resisting organizational-level corruption: An interview with Sherron Watkins. Academy of Management Learning & Education, 8, 275–289. CrossRef Beenen, G., & Pinto, J. (2009). Resisting organizational-level corruption: An interview with Sherron Watkins. Academy of Management Learning & Education, 8, 275–289. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Bosse, D. A., & Coughlan, R. (2016). Stakeholder relationships bonds. Journal of Management Studies, 53, 1197–1222. CrossRef Bosse, D. A., & Coughlan, R. (2016). Stakeholder relationships bonds. Journal of Management Studies, 53, 1197–1222. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Bosse, D. A., Phillips, R. A., & Harrison, J. S. (2009). Stakeholders, reciprocity, and firm performance. Strategic Management Journal, 30, 447–456. CrossRef Bosse, D. A., Phillips, R. A., & Harrison, J. S. (2009). Stakeholders, reciprocity, and firm performance. Strategic Management Journal, 30, 447–456. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Bridoux, F., & Stoelhorst, J. W. (2014). Microfoundations for stakeholder theory: Managing stakeholders with heterogeneous motives. Strategic Management Journal, 35, 107–125. CrossRef Bridoux, F., & Stoelhorst, J. W. (2014). Microfoundations for stakeholder theory: Managing stakeholders with heterogeneous motives. Strategic Management Journal, 35, 107–125. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Brown, R. (2000). Social identity theory: Past achievements, current problems, future challenges. European Journal of Social Psychology, 30, 745–778. CrossRef Brown, R. (2000). Social identity theory: Past achievements, current problems, future challenges. European Journal of Social Psychology, 30, 745–778. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Brown, J. A., Buchholtz, A. K., & Dunn, P. (2016). Moral salience and the role of goodwill in firm-stakeholder trust repair. Business Ethics Quarterly, 26, 181–199. CrossRef Brown, J. A., Buchholtz, A. K., & Dunn, P. (2016). Moral salience and the role of goodwill in firm-stakeholder trust repair. Business Ethics Quarterly, 26, 181–199. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Bundy, J., Vogel, R. M., & Zachary, M. A. (2018). Organization-stakeholder fit: A dynamic theory of cooperation, compromise and conflict between and organization and its stakeholders. Strategic Management Journal, 39, 476–501. CrossRef Bundy, J., Vogel, R. M., & Zachary, M. A. (2018). Organization-stakeholder fit: A dynamic theory of cooperation, compromise and conflict between and organization and its stakeholders. Strategic Management Journal, 39, 476–501. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Clarkson, M. B. E. (1995). A stakeholder framework for analyzing and evaluating corporate social performance. Academy of Management Review, 20, 92–117. CrossRef Clarkson, M. B. E. (1995). A stakeholder framework for analyzing and evaluating corporate social performance. Academy of Management Review, 20, 92–117. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Corbett, J., Webster, J., & Jenkin, T. A. (2018). Unmasking corporate sustainability at the project level: Exploring the influence of institutional logics and individual agency. Journal of Business Ethics, 147, 261–286. CrossRef Corbett, J., Webster, J., & Jenkin, T. A. (2018). Unmasking corporate sustainability at the project level: Exploring the influence of institutional logics and individual agency. Journal of Business Ethics, 147, 261–286. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Cording, M., Harrison, J. S., Hoskisson, R. E., & Jonsen, K. (2014). Walking the talk: A multi-stakeholder exploration of organizational authenticity, employee productivity and post-merger performance. Academy of Management Perspectives, 28(1), 38–56. CrossRef Cording, M., Harrison, J. S., Hoskisson, R. E., & Jonsen, K. (2014). Walking the talk: A multi-stakeholder exploration of organizational authenticity, employee productivity and post-merger performance. Academy of Management Perspectives, 28(1), 38–56. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Daboub, A. J., Rasheed, A. M. A., Priem, R. L., & Gray, D. A. (1995). Top management team characteristics and corporate illegal activity. Academy of Management Review, 20, 138–170. CrossRef Daboub, A. J., Rasheed, A. M. A., Priem, R. L., & Gray, D. A. (1995). Top management team characteristics and corporate illegal activity. Academy of Management Review, 20, 138–170. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat DiMaggio, P. J., & Powell, W. W. (1983). The iron cage revisited: Institutional isomorphism and collective rationality in organizational fields. American Sociological Review, 48, 147–160. CrossRef DiMaggio, P. J., & Powell, W. W. (1983). The iron cage revisited: Institutional isomorphism and collective rationality in organizational fields. American Sociological Review, 48, 147–160. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Dirks, K., Lewicki, J. R., & Zaheer, A. (2009). Repairing relationships within and between organizations: building a conceptual foundation. Academy of Management Review, 34, 68–84. CrossRef Dirks, K., Lewicki, J. R., & Zaheer, A. (2009). Repairing relationships within and between organizations: building a conceptual foundation. Academy of Management Review, 34, 68–84. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Donaldson, T., & Preston, L. (1995). The stakeholder theory of the corporation: Concepts, evidence and implications. Academy of Management Review, 20, 65–91. CrossRef Donaldson, T., & Preston, L. (1995). The stakeholder theory of the corporation: Concepts, evidence and implications. Academy of Management Review, 20, 65–91. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Ekeh, P. P. (1974). Social exchange theory. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Ekeh, P. P. (1974). Social exchange theory. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Zurück zum Zitat Fehr, E., & Gächter, S. (2000). Fairness and retaliation: The economics of reciprocity. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 14, 159–181. CrossRef Fehr, E., & Gächter, S. (2000). Fairness and retaliation: The economics of reciprocity. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 14, 159–181. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Freeman, R. E. (1984). Strategic management: A stakeholder approach. Marshfield, MA: Pitman. Freeman, R. E. (1984). Strategic management: A stakeholder approach. Marshfield, MA: Pitman.
Zurück zum Zitat Freeman, R. E. (2017). Five challenges to stakeholder theory: A report on research in progress. In D. M. Wasieleski & J. Weber (Eds.), Stakeholder management (pp. 1–20). Bingley: Emerald Publishing. Freeman, R. E. (2017). Five challenges to stakeholder theory: A report on research in progress. In D. M. Wasieleski & J. Weber (Eds.), Stakeholder management (pp. 1–20). Bingley: Emerald Publishing.
Zurück zum Zitat Freeman, R. E., Harrison, J. S., & Wicks, A. C. (2007). Managing for stakeholders: Survival, reputation, and success. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. Freeman, R. E., Harrison, J. S., & Wicks, A. C. (2007). Managing for stakeholders: Survival, reputation, and success. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Zurück zum Zitat Freeman, R. E., Harrison, J. S., Wicks, A. C., Parmar, B., & de Colle, S. (2010). Stakeholder theory: The state of the art. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef Freeman, R. E., Harrison, J. S., Wicks, A. C., Parmar, B., & de Colle, S. (2010). Stakeholder theory: The state of the art. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Friedman, A. L., & Miles, S. (2002). Developing stakeholder theory. Journal of Management Studies, 39, 1–21. CrossRef Friedman, A. L., & Miles, S. (2002). Developing stakeholder theory. Journal of Management Studies, 39, 1–21. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Garcia-Castro, R., & Francoeur, C. (2016). When more is not better: Complementarities, costs and contingencies in stakeholder management. Strategic Management Journal, 37, 406–424. CrossRef Garcia-Castro, R., & Francoeur, C. (2016). When more is not better: Complementarities, costs and contingencies in stakeholder management. Strategic Management Journal, 37, 406–424. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Gonin, M., Palazzo, G., & Hoffrage, U. (2012). Neither bad apple nor bad barrel: How the societal context impacts unethical behavior in organizations. Business Ethics: A European Review, 21, 31–46. CrossRef Gonin, M., Palazzo, G., & Hoffrage, U. (2012). Neither bad apple nor bad barrel: How the societal context impacts unethical behavior in organizations. Business Ethics: A European Review, 21, 31–46. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Goodstein, J., Butterfield, K., & Neale, N. (2016). Moral repair in the workplace: A qualitative investigation and inductive model. Journal of Business Ethics, 138, 17–37. CrossRef Goodstein, J., Butterfield, K., & Neale, N. (2016). Moral repair in the workplace: A qualitative investigation and inductive model. Journal of Business Ethics, 138, 17–37. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Goodstein, J., Butterfield, K. D., Pfarrer, M. D., & Wicks, A. C. (2014). Individual and organizational reintegration after ethical or legal transgressions: Challenges and opportunities. Business Ethics Quarterly, 24, 315–342. CrossRef Goodstein, J., Butterfield, K. D., Pfarrer, M. D., & Wicks, A. C. (2014). Individual and organizational reintegration after ethical or legal transgressions: Challenges and opportunities. Business Ethics Quarterly, 24, 315–342. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Greenwood, M. (2007). Stakeholder engagement: Beyond the myth of corporate responsibility. Journal of Business Ethics, 74, 315–327. CrossRef Greenwood, M. (2007). Stakeholder engagement: Beyond the myth of corporate responsibility. Journal of Business Ethics, 74, 315–327. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Greenwood, M., & Van Buren, H. J. I. I. I. (2010). Trust and stakeholder theory: Trustworthiness in the organisation-stakeholder relationship. Journal of Business Ethics, 95, 425–438. CrossRef Greenwood, M., & Van Buren, H. J. I. I. I. (2010). Trust and stakeholder theory: Trustworthiness in the organisation-stakeholder relationship. Journal of Business Ethics, 95, 425–438. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Harrison, J. S., & Bosse, D. A. (2013). How much is too much? The limits to generous treatment of stakeholders. Business Horizons, 56(3), 313–322. CrossRef Harrison, J. S., & Bosse, D. A. (2013). How much is too much? The limits to generous treatment of stakeholders. Business Horizons, 56(3), 313–322. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Harrison, J. S., Bosse, D. A., & Phillips, R. A. (2010). Managing for stakeholders, stakeholder utility functions, and competitive advantage. Strategic Management Journal, 31, 58–74. CrossRef Harrison, J. S., Bosse, D. A., & Phillips, R. A. (2010). Managing for stakeholders, stakeholder utility functions, and competitive advantage. Strategic Management Journal, 31, 58–74. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Harrison, J. S., & St. John, C. H. (1996). Managing and partnering with external stakeholders. Academy of Management Executive, 10(2), 46–60. Harrison, J. S., & St. John, C. H. (1996). Managing and partnering with external stakeholders. Academy of Management Executive, 10(2), 46–60.
Zurück zum Zitat Harrison, J. S., & Wicks, A. C. (2013). Stakeholder theory, value, and firm performance. Business Ethics Quarterly, 23, 97–124. CrossRef Harrison, J. S., & Wicks, A. C. (2013). Stakeholder theory, value, and firm performance. Business Ethics Quarterly, 23, 97–124. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Henisz, W. J., Dorobantu, S., & Nartey, L. (2014). Spinning gold: The financial returns to stakeholder engagement. Strategic Management Journal, 35, 1727–1748. CrossRef Henisz, W. J., Dorobantu, S., & Nartey, L. (2014). Spinning gold: The financial returns to stakeholder engagement. Strategic Management Journal, 35, 1727–1748. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Holtbrügge, D., Baron, A., & Friedman, C. B. (2015). Personal attributes, organizational conditions, and ethical attitudes: A social cognitive approach. Business Ethics: A European Review, 24, 264–281. CrossRef Holtbrügge, D., Baron, A., & Friedman, C. B. (2015). Personal attributes, organizational conditions, and ethical attitudes: A social cognitive approach. Business Ethics: A European Review, 24, 264–281. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Jahansoozi, J. (2006). Organization-stakeholder relationships: Exploring trust and transparency. Journal of Management Development, 25, 942–955. CrossRef Jahansoozi, J. (2006). Organization-stakeholder relationships: Exploring trust and transparency. Journal of Management Development, 25, 942–955. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Jones, T. M. (1991). Ethical decision making by individuals in organizations: An issue-contingent model. Academy of Management Review, 16, 366–395. CrossRef Jones, T. M. (1991). Ethical decision making by individuals in organizations: An issue-contingent model. Academy of Management Review, 16, 366–395. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Jones, T. M. (1995). Instrumental stakeholder theory: A synthesis of ethics and economics. Academy of Management Review, 20, 404–437. CrossRef Jones, T. M. (1995). Instrumental stakeholder theory: A synthesis of ethics and economics. Academy of Management Review, 20, 404–437. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Jones, D. (1999). Moral responsibility in the Holocaust: A study in the ethics of character. Lantham: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers Inc. Jones, D. (1999). Moral responsibility in the Holocaust: A study in the ethics of character. Lantham: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers Inc.
Zurück zum Zitat Jones, T. M., & Felps, W. (2013). Stakeholder happiness enhancement: A neo-utilitarian objective for the modern corporation. Business Ethics Quarterly, 23, 349–379. CrossRef Jones, T. M., & Felps, W. (2013). Stakeholder happiness enhancement: A neo-utilitarian objective for the modern corporation. Business Ethics Quarterly, 23, 349–379. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Jones, T. M., Felps, W., & Bigley, G. A. (2007). Ethical theory and stakeholder-related decisions: The role of stakeholder culture. Academy of Management Review, 32, 137–155. CrossRef Jones, T. M., Felps, W., & Bigley, G. A. (2007). Ethical theory and stakeholder-related decisions: The role of stakeholder culture. Academy of Management Review, 32, 137–155. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Jones, T. M., Harrison, J. S., & Felps, W. (2018). How applying instrumental stakeholder theory can provide sustainable competitive advantage. Academy of Management Review, 43, 349–370. CrossRef Jones, T. M., Harrison, J. S., & Felps, W. (2018). How applying instrumental stakeholder theory can provide sustainable competitive advantage. Academy of Management Review, 43, 349–370. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Kim, P. H., Dirks, K. T., & Cooper, C. D. (2009). The repair of trust: A dynamic bilateral perspective and multilevel conceptualization. Academy of Management Review, 34, 1–22. CrossRef Kim, P. H., Dirks, K. T., & Cooper, C. D. (2009). The repair of trust: A dynamic bilateral perspective and multilevel conceptualization. Academy of Management Review, 34, 1–22. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Laplume, A. O., Sonpar, K., & Litz, R. A. (2008). Stakeholder theory: Reviewing a theory that moves us. Journal of Management, 34, 1152–1189. CrossRef Laplume, A. O., Sonpar, K., & Litz, R. A. (2008). Stakeholder theory: Reviewing a theory that moves us. Journal of Management, 34, 1152–1189. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Larsen, R. K., Calgaro, E., & Thomalla, F. (2011). Governing resilience building in Thailand’s tourism-dependent coastal communities: Conceptualising stakeholder agency in social-ecological systems. Global Environmental Change, 21, 481–491. CrossRef Larsen, R. K., Calgaro, E., & Thomalla, F. (2011). Governing resilience building in Thailand’s tourism-dependent coastal communities: Conceptualising stakeholder agency in social-ecological systems. Global Environmental Change, 21, 481–491. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Lawrence, T. B., & Suddaby, R. (2006). Institutions and institutional work. In S. R. Clegg, C. Hardy, T. B. Lawrence, & W. R. Nord (Eds.), Sage handbook of organization studies (2nd ed., pp. 215–254). London: Sage. CrossRef Lawrence, T. B., & Suddaby, R. (2006). Institutions and institutional work. In S. R. Clegg, C. Hardy, T. B. Lawrence, & W. R. Nord (Eds.), Sage handbook of organization studies (2nd ed., pp. 215–254). London: Sage. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Mansell, S. F. (2013). Capitalism, corporations and the social contract. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef Mansell, S. F. (2013). Capitalism, corporations and the social contract. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Margolis, J., & Molinsky, A. (2008). Navigating the bind of necessary evils: Psychological engagement and the production of interpersonally sensitive behavior. Academy of Management Journal, 51, 847–872. CrossRef Margolis, J., & Molinsky, A. (2008). Navigating the bind of necessary evils: Psychological engagement and the production of interpersonally sensitive behavior. Academy of Management Journal, 51, 847–872. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Mattingly, J. E. (2017). Corporate social performance: A review of empirical research examining the corporation-society relationship using Kinder, Lydenberg, Domini social ratings data. Business & Society, 56, 796–839. CrossRef Mattingly, J. E. (2017). Corporate social performance: A review of empirical research examining the corporation-society relationship using Kinder, Lydenberg, Domini social ratings data. Business & Society, 56, 796–839. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Mattingly, J. E., & Berman, S. L. (2006). Measurement of corporate social action: Discovering taxonomy in the Kinder, Lydenburg Domini ratings data. Business & Society, 45, 20–46. CrossRef Mattingly, J. E., & Berman, S. L. (2006). Measurement of corporate social action: Discovering taxonomy in the Kinder, Lydenburg Domini ratings data. Business & Society, 45, 20–46. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Milgram, S. (1974). Obedience to authority: An experimental view. New York: Harper & Row. Milgram, S. (1974). Obedience to authority: An experimental view. New York: Harper & Row.
Zurück zum Zitat Mintzberg, H. (1978). Patterns in strategy formation. Management Science, 24, 934–948. CrossRef Mintzberg, H. (1978). Patterns in strategy formation. Management Science, 24, 934–948. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Mitchell, R. K., Agle, B. R., & Wood, D. J. (1997). Toward a theory of stakeholder identification and salience: Defining the principle of who and what really counts. Academy of Management Review, 22, 853–886. CrossRef Mitchell, R. K., Agle, B. R., & Wood, D. J. (1997). Toward a theory of stakeholder identification and salience: Defining the principle of who and what really counts. Academy of Management Review, 22, 853–886. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Mitchell, R. K., Van Buren, H. J. I. I. I., Greenwood, M., & Freeman, R. E. (2015). Stakeholder inclusion and accounting for stakeholders. Journal of Management Studies, 52, 851–877. CrossRef Mitchell, R. K., Van Buren, H. J. I. I. I., Greenwood, M., & Freeman, R. E. (2015). Stakeholder inclusion and accounting for stakeholders. Journal of Management Studies, 52, 851–877. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Mitchell, R. K., Weaver, G. R., Agle, B. R., Bailey, A. D., & Carlson, J. (2016). Stakeholder agency and social welfare: Pluralism and decision making in the multi-objective corporation. Academy of Management Review, 41, 252–275. CrossRef Mitchell, R. K., Weaver, G. R., Agle, B. R., Bailey, A. D., & Carlson, J. (2016). Stakeholder agency and social welfare: Pluralism and decision making in the multi-objective corporation. Academy of Management Review, 41, 252–275. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Molinsky, A., & Margolis, J. (2005). Necessary evils and interpersonal sensitivity in organizations. Academy of Management Review, 30, 245–268. CrossRef Molinsky, A., & Margolis, J. (2005). Necessary evils and interpersonal sensitivity in organizations. Academy of Management Review, 30, 245–268. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Morris, N., & Vines, D. (2014). Capital failure: Rebuilding trust in financial services. Oxford: Oxford University Press. CrossRef Morris, N., & Vines, D. (2014). Capital failure: Rebuilding trust in financial services. Oxford: Oxford University Press. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Offerman, T. (2002). Hurting hurts more than helping helps. European Economic Review, 46, 1423–1437. CrossRef Offerman, T. (2002). Hurting hurts more than helping helps. European Economic Review, 46, 1423–1437. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Phillips, R. A. (2003). Stakeholder theory and organizational ethics. San Francisco, CA: Berrett-Koehler Publishers. Phillips, R. A. (2003). Stakeholder theory and organizational ethics. San Francisco, CA: Berrett-Koehler Publishers.
Zurück zum Zitat Post, J. E., Preston, L. E., & Sachs, S. (2002). Redefining the corporation: Stakeholder management and organizational wealth. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press. Post, J. E., Preston, L. E., & Sachs, S. (2002). Redefining the corporation: Stakeholder management and organizational wealth. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Zurück zum Zitat Rowley, T. J., & Moldoveanu, M. (2003). When will stakeholder groups act? An interest- and identity-based model of stakeholder group mobilization. Academy of Management Review, 28(2), 204–219. CrossRef Rowley, T. J., & Moldoveanu, M. (2003). When will stakeholder groups act? An interest- and identity-based model of stakeholder group mobilization. Academy of Management Review, 28(2), 204–219. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Schniter, E., Sheremeta, R. M., & Sznycer, D. (2013). Rebuilding trust with promises and apologies. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 94, 242–256. CrossRef Schniter, E., Sheremeta, R. M., & Sznycer, D. (2013). Rebuilding trust with promises and apologies. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 94, 242–256. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Shaw-Mellors, A. (2015). Equitable compensation for breach of trust. Journal of Business Law, 1(2), 165–172. Shaw-Mellors, A. (2015). Equitable compensation for breach of trust. Journal of Business Law, 1(2), 165–172.
Zurück zum Zitat Sisodia, R., Wolfe, D., & Sheth, J. N. (2007). Firms of endearment: How world-class companies profit from passion and purpose. River, NJ: Wharton School Publishing. Sisodia, R., Wolfe, D., & Sheth, J. N. (2007). Firms of endearment: How world-class companies profit from passion and purpose. River, NJ: Wharton School Publishing.
Zurück zum Zitat Stout, L. A. (2012). The shareholder value myth: How putting shareholders first harms investors, corporations, and the public. San Francisco, CA: Berrett-Koehler Publishers. Stout, L. A. (2012). The shareholder value myth: How putting shareholders first harms investors, corporations, and the public. San Francisco, CA: Berrett-Koehler Publishers.
Zurück zum Zitat Suchman, M. C. (1995). Managing legitimacy: Strategic and institutional approaches. Academy of Management Review, 20, 571–610. CrossRef Suchman, M. C. (1995). Managing legitimacy: Strategic and institutional approaches. Academy of Management Review, 20, 571–610. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Tajfel, H., & Turner, J. C. (1979). An integrative theory of intergroup conflict. In W. G. Austin & S. Worchel (Eds.), The social psychology of intergroup relations (pp. 33–47). Monterrey, CA: Brooks/Cole. Tajfel, H., & Turner, J. C. (1979). An integrative theory of intergroup conflict. In W. G. Austin & S. Worchel (Eds.), The social psychology of intergroup relations (pp. 33–47). Monterrey, CA: Brooks/Cole.
Zurück zum Zitat Tantalo, C., & Priem, R. L. (2016). Value creation through stakeholder synergy. Strategic Management Journal, 37, 314–329. CrossRef Tantalo, C., & Priem, R. L. (2016). Value creation through stakeholder synergy. Strategic Management Journal, 37, 314–329. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Tilly, C. (1978). From mobilization to revolution. New York: Random House. Tilly, C. (1978). From mobilization to revolution. New York: Random House.
Zurück zum Zitat Umphress, E. E., & Bingham, J. B. (2011). When employees do bad things for good reasons: Examining unethical pro-organizational behaviors. Organization Science, 22, 621–640. CrossRef Umphress, E. E., & Bingham, J. B. (2011). When employees do bad things for good reasons: Examining unethical pro-organizational behaviors. Organization Science, 22, 621–640. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Van Buren, H. J., III. (2001). If fairness is the problem, is consent the solution? Integrating ISCT and stakeholder theory. Business Ethics Quarterly, 11, 481–499. CrossRef Van Buren, H. J., III. (2001). If fairness is the problem, is consent the solution? Integrating ISCT and stakeholder theory. Business Ethics Quarterly, 11, 481–499. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Walsh, J. P. (2005). Taking stock of stakeholder management. Academy of Management Review, 30, 426–438. CrossRef Walsh, J. P. (2005). Taking stock of stakeholder management. Academy of Management Review, 30, 426–438. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Wicks, A. C., Berman, S. L., & Jones, T. M. (1999). The structure of optimal trust: Moral and strategic implications. Academy of Management Review, 24, 99–116. CrossRef Wicks, A. C., Berman, S. L., & Jones, T. M. (1999). The structure of optimal trust: Moral and strategic implications. Academy of Management Review, 24, 99–116. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Wicks, A. C., & Harrison, J. S. (2017). Toward a more useful dialogue between stakeholder theory and strategic management. In D. M. Wasieleski & J. Weber (Eds.), Stakeholder management (pp. 249–274). Bingley: Emerald Publishing. CrossRef Wicks, A. C., & Harrison, J. S. (2017). Toward a more useful dialogue between stakeholder theory and strategic management. In D. M. Wasieleski & J. Weber (Eds.), Stakeholder management (pp. 249–274). Bingley: Emerald Publishing. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Wolfgramm, R., Flynn-Coleman, S., & Conroy, D. (2015). Dynamic interactions of agency in leadership (Dial): An integrative framework for analysing agency in sustainability leadership. Journal of Business Ethics, 126, 649–662. CrossRef Wolfgramm, R., Flynn-Coleman, S., & Conroy, D. (2015). Dynamic interactions of agency in leadership (Dial): An integrative framework for analysing agency in sustainability leadership. Journal of Business Ethics, 126, 649–662. CrossRef
Metadaten
Titel
Harmful Stakeholder Strategies
verfasst von
Jeffrey S. Harrison
Andrew C. Wicks
Publikationsdatum
21.10.2019
Verlag
Springer Netherlands
Erschienen in
Journal of Business Ethics / Ausgabe 3/2021
Print ISSN: 0167-4544
Elektronische ISSN: 1573-0697
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10551-019-04310-9

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 3/2021

Journal of Business Ethics 3/2021 Zur Ausgabe

Stellenausschreibungen

Anzeige

Premium Partner