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This chapter reviews the most important cycles used for the certification, and testing in general, of heavy-duty vehicles in the world. For trucks and buses, both chassis and engine-dynamometer cycles have been employed. The latter were initially steady-state but later evolved to a more realistic transient form. European, U.S., Japanese, Australian, Chinese and worldwide cycles are presented and discussed. A historic review regarding the development of each cycle is provided at first, together with technical specifications, 2D and 3D frequency diagrams, detailed comparative data, and examples from real heavy vehicles operation.
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- Heavy-Duty Vehicles and Engines
Evangelos G. Giakoumis
- Chapter 4
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