Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
Hammond discusses the development of social assistance programmes in China in the 100 years which have followed the Xinhai Revolution. The chapter draws on a range of primary research and secondary sources to construct a narrative of the emergence and changes in social assistance during a century of significant social, political and economic transformation. Hammond argues that social assistance is notable for two historical continuities. First, there are ideas regarding poverty, the poor and how to assist which continued and persisted across a tumultuous century. Second, it is noted that effectively implementing ambitious programmes has, for different reasons, been a continuous challenge for the Chinese state in the 100 years since the Xinhai Revolution.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Asian Barometer Survey (ABS) (2012) East Asian Barometer 2005–2008. Retrieved from http://www.asianbarometer.org/newenglish/introduction/ProgramOverview.htm
China Law Information Online (2009) www.lawinfochina.com/
Dibao-Online (2012) Dibao Statistics Reports (Online). Beijing. www.dibao.org/sjzx/index.shtml# [Accessed 09 December 2012].
International Labor Organisation (2011) China: from an active employment policy to Employment Promotion Law (Geneva: ILO).
People’s Republic of China, MCA (2007) MCA publishes circular demanding MLG recipients living situation be investigated,www.mca.gov.cn/news/ [Accessed 05 September 2007].
People’s Republic of China, MCA & Ministry of Finance (2008) MCA, Minzhengbu Caizheng bu guanyu jinyibu tigao cheng dibao buzhu shuiping tuoshan anpai dangqian kunnan qunzhong jiben shenghuo de tongzhi [MoF circular regarding the proper arrangement for the further increase of urban and rural MLG subsidies level for the poor masses in basic living difficulties], www.dbs.mca.gov.cn [Accessed 09 August 2010].
People’s Republic of China, MCA (2011) Guanyu jin yi bu chengxiang jumin zuidi shenghuo baozhang biaozhun zhidu he tiaozheng gongzuo de zhidao yijian [Guidance on the further regulation of the urban and rural resident MLG standard system and adjustment work, www.mca.gov.cn [Accessed 19 May 2011].
People’s Republic of China, Ministry of Finance (MOF) (2005) Caizheng tongji nianjian [Ministry of Finance Statistical Yearbook] (Beijing: Zhongguo Caizhengbu Chubanshe [Ministry of Finance Press]).
People’s Republic of China, MOF (2007) Caizheng tongji nianjian [Ministry of Finance Statistical Yearbook 2007] (Beijing: Caizhengbu Chubanshe [Ministry of Finance Press].
People’s Republic of China, NPC (1999) Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo xianfa [Constitution of the People’s Republic of China] (Beijing: Waiwen Chubanshe [Foreign Language Press].
People’s Republic of China, State Council (1997) Guofa  29 Hao: Guowuyuan Guanyu Quanguo Jianli Chengshi Jumin Zuidi Shenghuo Baozhang Zhidu de Tongzhi [State Council Publication Number 29 (1997): State Council Circular regarding the establishing of a national urban resident Minimum Livelihood Guarantee system] (Bejing: MCA), www.mca.gov.cn [Accessed 19 May 2011].
People’s Republic of China, State Council (1999) Chengshi Jumin Zuidi Shenghuo Baozhang Zhidu Tiaolie [Urban Resident Minimum Livelihood Guarantee Regulations] (Bejing: MCA), www.mca.gov.cn [Accessed 19 May 2011].
Chen, J. Y. (2012) Guilty of Indigence: The Urban Poor in China, 1900–1953 (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press).
Dixon, J. (1981) The Chinese Welfare System (New York: Praeger).
Dixon, J. (1992) China. In Dixon, J. and Macarov, D. (eds) Social welfare in socialist countries (London: Routledge).
Fewsmith, J. (2008) China since Tiananmen: From Deng Xiaoping to Hu Jintao (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press). CrossRef
Guan, X. (2000) ‘China’s Social Policy: Reform and Development in the Context of Marketization and Globalization,’ Social Policy and Administration, 34.
Hammond, D. R. (2010) Explaining Policy Making in the People’s Republic of China: The Case of the Urban Resident Minimum Livelihood Guarantee System. PhD. Thesis, Glasgow: University of Glasgow.
Hammond, D. R. (2011a) ‘Local Variation in Urban Social Assistance: Community Public Service Agencies in Dalian City.’ In Carrillo, B. and Duckett, J. (eds) China’s Changing Welfare Mix: Local Perspectives (London & New York: Routledge).
Hammond, D. R. (2011b) ‘Social Assistance in China 1993–2002: Institutions, feedback and policy actors in the Chinese policy process,’ Asian Politics and Policy.
Hammond, D. R. (2013) ‘Policy Entrepreneurship in China’s Response to Urban Poverty,’ Policy Studies Journal, 41(1).
Leung, J. C. B. and Nann, R. C. (1995) Authority and Benevolence: Social Welfare in China (Hong Kong: Chinese University Press).
Lipkin, Z. (2005) ‘Modern Dilemmas: Dealing with Nanjing’s Beggars, 1927–1937,’ Journal of Urban History, 31.
Lipkin, Z. (2006) Useless to the State: “Social Problems” and Social Engineering in Nationalist Nanjjing, 1927–1937 (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Asia Center and distributed by Harvard University Press).
Liu, A. P. L. (1996) Mass Politics in the People’s Republic: State and Society in Contemporary China (Oxford: Westgate).
Rowe, W. T. (1990) ‘Modern Chinese Social History in Comparative Perspective.’ In Ropp, P. S. (ed.) Heritage of China: contemporary perspectives on Chinese civilization (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press).
Saich, T. (2004) Governance and Politics in China, 2 nd Edition (Basingstoke: Palgrave).
Stapleton, K. (2000) Civilizing Chengdu: Chinese Urban Reform, 1895–1937 (London: Harvard University Press).
Tang, J. (2003) Zhongguo Chengshi Pinkun yu Fupinkun Baogao [Report on Poverty and Anti- Poverty in Urban China] (Beijing, Huaxia Publishers).
Wang, A. (2007) ‘Environmental Protection in China: The Role of Law,’ China Dialogue, www.chinadialogue.net [Accessed 1 June 2011].
Wong, L. (1998) Marginalisation in Social Welfare in China (London: Routledge).
Wong, R. B. (1982) ‘Food Riots in the Qing Dynasty,’ The Journal of Asian Studies, 41.
Yang, T-S. (2003) Cong Wuwei dao lingpao - Zhongguo shehui jiuzhu shi nian jishi [From without position to leadership - The reality of ten years of China’s social relief] (Beijing: Chinese Academy of Social Sciences).
Zhong, R. (2005) Shehui jiuzhu yu shehui fuli [Social relief and social welfare] Shanghai: Shanghai caijing daxue chubanshe [Shanghai University of Finance Press].
- Historical Continuities in Social Assistance in China, 1911–2011
- Palgrave Macmillan US
- Chapter 2
Neuer Inhalt/© Stellmach, Neuer Inhalt/© BBL, Neuer Inhalt/© Maturus, Pluta Logo/© Pluta, Neuer Inhalt/© hww, Best Practices zu agiler Qualität