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It is possible for an inquisitive individual to take a hard look at ongoing change and then attempt to influence policy based on what they see. In Raleigh, North Carolina, Briana Outlaw, a landscape architecture student working as an urban-design intern, provided input to neighborhood redevelopment and affordable housing planning efforts by noticing cultural attributes of particular communities, and then suggesting that a sense of ownership in city planning efforts would be more likely if the city took a harder look as well.
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Kevin Lynch, The Image of the City (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1960), 3.
Mechelle Hankerson, “East Raleigh Residents Look for Alternative to City’s Redevelopment Plan,” News & Observer (Raleigh, NC), January 17, 2016, http://www.newsobserver.com/news/local/community/midtown-raleigh-news/article55199945.html.
Danny Westneat, “Get Rid of Single-Family Zoning? These Conversations Should Not Be Secret,” Seattle Times, July 7, 2015, http://www.seattletimes.com/seattle-news/get-rid-of-single-family-zoning-in-seattle-housing-task-force-says-in-draft-report/.
Seattle Times, “City Needs to Slow Down and Make the Case on Housing Affordability Plan,” July 16, 2015, http://www.seattletimes.com/opinion/editorials/city-needs-to-slow-down-and-make-the-case-on-housing-affordability-plan/.
Charles R. Wolfe, Urbanism Without Effort (Washington, DC: Island Press, 2013).
Lloyd Alter, “Sit-able Cities Are as Important as Walkable Cities,” Treehugger, October 17, 2013, http://www.treehugger.com/urban-design/sit-able-cities-are-important-walkable-cities.html; see also: William H. Whyte’s work, The Social Life of Small Urban Spaces (Washington, DC: Conservation Foundation, 1980), carried on today by the Project for Public Spaces ( http://www.pps.org/); see also: Jan Gehl and Birgitte Svarre, How to Study Public Life (Washington, DC: Island Press, 2013). Several other sources remind us of human “ecosystems,” from Andrew L. Dannenberg, Howard Frumkin, and Richard J. Jackson, Making Healthy Places : Designing and Building for Health, Well-being, and Sustainability (Washington, DC: Island Press, 2011), to concepts central to Kaid Benfield’s collection of essays, People Habitat : 25 Ways to Think about Greener, Healthier Cities (Washington, DC: People Habitat Communications and Island Press, 2014).
Gehl and Svarre, How to Study Public Life, 3.
Jane Jacobs, The Death and Life of Great American Cities (New York: Random House, 1961).
Walter Benjamin, “Paris, the City in the Mirror: Declarations of Love by Poets and Artists to the ‘Capital of the World,’” in On Photography, ed. and trans. Esther Leslie (London: Reaktion Books, 2015), 358–59.
Joseph Rykwert, The Seduction of Place: The History and Future of Cities (New York: Vintage Books, 2002).
Jonathan Raban, Soft City (London: Harvill Press, 1974).
J. B. Jackson, “The Discovery of the Street,” in The Necessity for Ruins, and Other Topics (Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts Press, 1980).
Roger Cohen, “France Decapitated,” New York Times, July 9, 2014, http://www.nytimes.com/2014/07/09/opinion/roger-cohen-france-decapitated.html?_r=0.
See: Grant McCracken, “Morgan Friedman, Turning Flaneurs into Planners,” CultureBy, September 17, 2008, http://cultureby.com/2008/09/morgan-friedman.html.
- How to See City Basics and Universal Patterns
Charles R. Wolfe
- Island Press/Center for Resource Economics