Skip to main content
main-content

Tipp

Weitere Artikel dieser Ausgabe durch Wischen aufrufen

Erschienen in: Telecommunication Systems 4/2021

05.09.2021

Hybrid wideband transceiver design for achievable rate maximization in millimeter-wave MIMO systems

verfasst von: Hafiz Muhammad Tahir Mustafa

Erschienen in: Telecommunication Systems | Ausgabe 4/2021

Einloggen, um Zugang zu erhalten
share
TEILEN

Abstract

This paper proposes two algorithms for hybrid (Analog–Digital) beamforming in a single-user millimeter-wave (mm-wave) multi-input multi-output (MIMO) systems under frequency selective channels. Hybrid architecture has a potential to reduce the number of radio frequency (RF) chains to far less than the number of antennas and, it results in low hardware complexity, power efficiency and cost-saving to the system. Since practical broadband systems are frequency selective in nature therefore, the challenging aspect of this problem is to have only one analog RF processing matrix at source and destination over the entire frequency band. To address this problem for spectral efficiency maximization, the first algorithm performs multi-linear singular value decomposition on different sub-carriers to derive the common analog combiner over the allocated frequency-spectrum. Then, a problem is formulated for designing the common analog precoder that attempts to extract the optimal phase values for gain maximization of the equivalent channel observed from baseband processing units at transmitter and receiver. To significantly reduce the computational complexity in comparison to the first algorithm, the second algorithm employs classification of beamforming vectors for gain maximization of the equivalent baseband channel over all sub-carriers to find the analog RF precoding/combining matrices. Digital baseband processing components are derived by diagonalizing the equivalent baseband channel corresponding to each frequency-carrier. Computational complexity of the second algorithm is significantly less than the several existing designs. Computer simulations reveal that the proposed algorithms show near-optimal performance under diverse scenarios of system configuration parameters.

Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:

Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 69.000 Bücher
  • über 500 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Automobil + Motoren
  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Elektrotechnik + Elektronik
  • Energie + Nachhaltigkeit
  • Finance + Banking
  • Management + Führung
  • Marketing + Vertrieb
  • Maschinenbau + Werkstoffe
  • Versicherung + Risiko

Testen Sie jetzt 15 Tage kostenlos.

Springer Professional "Technik"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Technik" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 50.000 Bücher
  • über 380 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Automobil + Motoren
  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Elektrotechnik + Elektronik
  • Energie + Nachhaltigkeit
  • Maschinenbau + Werkstoffe




Testen Sie jetzt 15 Tage kostenlos.

Springer Professional "Wirtschaft"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Wirtschaft" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 58.000 Bücher
  • über 300 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Finance + Banking
  • Management + Führung
  • Marketing + Vertrieb
  • Versicherung + Risiko




Testen Sie jetzt 15 Tage kostenlos.

Literatur
1.
Zurück zum Zitat Hemadeh, I. A., Satyanarayana, K., El-Hajjar, M., & Hanzo, L. (2018). Millimeter-wave communications: Physical channel models, design considerations, antenna constructions, and link-budget. IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials, 20(2), 870–913. CrossRef Hemadeh, I. A., Satyanarayana, K., El-Hajjar, M., & Hanzo, L. (2018). Millimeter-wave communications: Physical channel models, design considerations, antenna constructions, and link-budget. IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials, 20(2), 870–913. CrossRef
2.
Zurück zum Zitat Hemadeh, I. A., El-Hajjar, M., Won, S. H., & Hanzo, L. (2017). Multiuser steered multiset space-time shift keying for millimeter-wave communications. IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, 66(6), 5491–5495. CrossRef Hemadeh, I. A., El-Hajjar, M., Won, S. H., & Hanzo, L. (2017). Multiuser steered multiset space-time shift keying for millimeter-wave communications. IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, 66(6), 5491–5495. CrossRef
3.
Zurück zum Zitat J. Zhang, S. Chen, Y. Lin, J. Zheng, B. Ai, and L. Hanzo, “Cell-free massive MIMO: A new next-generation paradigm,” IEEE Access, vol. 7, pp. 99 878–99 888, 2019. J. Zhang, S. Chen, Y. Lin, J. Zheng, B. Ai, and L. Hanzo, “Cell-free massive MIMO: A new next-generation paradigm,” IEEE Access, vol. 7, pp. 99 878–99 888, 2019.
5.
Zurück zum Zitat T. S. Rappaport, S. Sun, R. Mayzus, H. Zhao, Y. Azar, K. Wang, G. N. Wong, J. K. Schulz, M. Samimi, and F. G. Jr., “Millimeter wave mobile communications for 5G cellular: It will work!” IEEE Access, vol. 1, pp. 335–349, 2013. T. S. Rappaport, S. Sun, R. Mayzus, H. Zhao, Y. Azar, K. Wang, G. N. Wong, J. K. Schulz, M. Samimi, and F. G. Jr., “Millimeter wave mobile communications for 5G cellular: It will work!” IEEE Access, vol. 1, pp. 335–349, 2013.
8.
Zurück zum Zitat Buzzi, S., D’Andrea, C., Foggi, T., Ugolini, A., & Colavolpe, G. (2018). Single-carrier modulation versus OFDM for millimeter-wave wireless MIMO. IEEE Transactions on Communications, 66(3), 1335–1348. CrossRef Buzzi, S., D’Andrea, C., Foggi, T., Ugolini, A., & Colavolpe, G. (2018). Single-carrier modulation versus OFDM for millimeter-wave wireless MIMO. IEEE Transactions on Communications, 66(3), 1335–1348. CrossRef
9.
Zurück zum Zitat Zhang, D., Wang, Y., Li, X., & Xiang, W. (2018). Hybridly Connected Structure for Hybrid Beamforming in mmWave Massive MIMO Systems. IEEE Transactions on Communications, 66(2), 662–674. CrossRef Zhang, D., Wang, Y., Li, X., & Xiang, W. (2018). Hybridly Connected Structure for Hybrid Beamforming in mmWave Massive MIMO Systems. IEEE Transactions on Communications, 66(2), 662–674. CrossRef
11.
Zurück zum Zitat Kaushik, A., Thompson, J., Vlachos, E., Tsinos, C. G., & Chatzinotas, S. (2019). Dynamic RF chain selection for energy efficient and low complexity hybrid beamforming in millimeter wave MIMO systems. IEEE Trans. Green Commun. Netw., 3(4), 886–900. CrossRef Kaushik, A., Thompson, J., Vlachos, E., Tsinos, C. G., & Chatzinotas, S. (2019). Dynamic RF chain selection for energy efficient and low complexity hybrid beamforming in millimeter wave MIMO systems. IEEE Trans. Green Commun. Netw., 3(4), 886–900. CrossRef
13.
Zurück zum Zitat Jiang, L., & Jafarkhani, H. (2019). Multi-user analog beamforming in millimeter wave MIMO systems based on path angle information. IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, 18(1), 608–619. CrossRef Jiang, L., & Jafarkhani, H. (2019). Multi-user analog beamforming in millimeter wave MIMO systems based on path angle information. IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, 18(1), 608–619. CrossRef
14.
Zurück zum Zitat Ayach, O. E., Rajagopal, S., Abu-Surra, S., Pi, Z., & Heath, R. W., Jr. (2014). Spatially sparse precoding in millimeter wave MIMO systems. IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, 13(3), 1499–1513. CrossRef Ayach, O. E., Rajagopal, S., Abu-Surra, S., Pi, Z., & Heath, R. W., Jr. (2014). Spatially sparse precoding in millimeter wave MIMO systems. IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, 13(3), 1499–1513. CrossRef
18.
Zurück zum Zitat Sohrabi, F., & Yu, W. (2017). Hybrid analog and digital beamforming for mmWave OFDM large-scale antenna arrays. IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, 35(7), 1432–1443. CrossRef Sohrabi, F., & Yu, W. (2017). Hybrid analog and digital beamforming for mmWave OFDM large-scale antenna arrays. IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, 35(7), 1432–1443. CrossRef
19.
Zurück zum Zitat Zhang, D., Wang, Y., Li, X., & Xiang, W. (2018). Hybridly Connected Structure for Hybrid Beamforming in mmWave Massive MIMO Systems. IEEE Transactions on Communications, 66, 662–674. CrossRef Zhang, D., Wang, Y., Li, X., & Xiang, W. (2018). Hybridly Connected Structure for Hybrid Beamforming in mmWave Massive MIMO Systems. IEEE Transactions on Communications, 66, 662–674. CrossRef
20.
Zurück zum Zitat Magueta, R., Castanheira, D., Silva, A., Dinis, R., & Gameiro, A. (2019). Hybrid multi-user equalizer for massive MIMO millimeter-wave dynamic subconnected architecture. IEEE Access, 7, 79017–79029. CrossRef Magueta, R., Castanheira, D., Silva, A., Dinis, R., & Gameiro, A. (2019). Hybrid multi-user equalizer for massive MIMO millimeter-wave dynamic subconnected architecture. IEEE Access, 7, 79017–79029. CrossRef
21.
Zurück zum Zitat Li, X.; Alkhateeb, A. Deep Learning for Direct Hybrid Precoding in Millimeter Wave Massive MIMO Systems. In: Proceedings of the 2019 53rd Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems, and Computers, Pacific Grove, CA, USA, 3–6 November 2019; pp. 800–805. Li, X.; Alkhateeb, A. Deep Learning for Direct Hybrid Precoding in Millimeter Wave Massive MIMO Systems. In: Proceedings of the 2019 53rd Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems, and Computers, Pacific Grove, CA, USA, 3–6 November 2019; pp. 800–805.
23.
Zurück zum Zitat Zhang, R., Zou, W., Wang, Y., & Cui, M. (2019). Hybrid precoder and combiner design for single-user mmWave MIMO systems. IEEE Access, 7, 63818–63828. CrossRef Zhang, R., Zou, W., Wang, Y., & Cui, M. (2019). Hybrid precoder and combiner design for single-user mmWave MIMO systems. IEEE Access, 7, 63818–63828. CrossRef
24.
Zurück zum Zitat Lin, T., Cong, J., Zhu, Y., Zhang, J., & Letaief, K. B. (2019). Hybrid beamforming for millimeter wave systems using the MMSE criterion. IEEE Transactions on Communications, 67(5), 3693–3708. CrossRef Lin, T., Cong, J., Zhu, Y., Zhang, J., & Letaief, K. B. (2019). Hybrid beamforming for millimeter wave systems using the MMSE criterion. IEEE Transactions on Communications, 67(5), 3693–3708. CrossRef
25.
Zurück zum Zitat Cong, J., Lin, T., & Zhu, Y. (2018). Hybrid MMSE beamforming for multiuser millimeter-wave communication systems. IEEE Communications Letters, 22(11), 2390–2393. CrossRef Cong, J., Lin, T., & Zhu, Y. (2018). Hybrid MMSE beamforming for multiuser millimeter-wave communication systems. IEEE Communications Letters, 22(11), 2390–2393. CrossRef
27.
Zurück zum Zitat Liang, L., Xu, W., & Dong, X. (2014). Low-complexity hybrid precoding in massive multiuser mimo systems. IEEE Wireless Communications Letters, 3, 653–656. CrossRef Liang, L., Xu, W., & Dong, X. (2014). Low-complexity hybrid precoding in massive multiuser mimo systems. IEEE Wireless Communications Letters, 3, 653–656. CrossRef
28.
Zurück zum Zitat Li, J., Xiao, L., Xu, X., & Zhou, S. (2016). Robust and low complexity hybrid beamforming for uplink multiuser mmwave mimo systems. IEEE Communications Letters, 20, 1140–1143. CrossRef Li, J., Xiao, L., Xu, X., & Zhou, S. (2016). Robust and low complexity hybrid beamforming for uplink multiuser mmwave mimo systems. IEEE Communications Letters, 20, 1140–1143. CrossRef
29.
Zurück zum Zitat Payami, S., Ghoraishi, M., & Dianati, M. (2016). “Hybrid beamforming for large antenna arrays with phase shifter selection. IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, PP(99), 1–1. Payami, S., Ghoraishi, M., & Dianati, M. (2016). “Hybrid beamforming for large antenna arrays with phase shifter selection. IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, PP(99), 1–1.
31.
Zurück zum Zitat Xiao, Z., He, T., Xia, P., & Xia, X.-G. (2016). ‘Hierarchical codebook design for beamforming training in millimeter-wave communication.’ IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, 15(5), 3380–3392. CrossRef Xiao, Z., He, T., Xia, P., & Xia, X.-G. (2016). ‘Hierarchical codebook design for beamforming training in millimeter-wave communication.’ IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, 15(5), 3380–3392. CrossRef
32.
Zurück zum Zitat Chiang, H. L., et al. (2018). Hybrid beamforming based on implicit channel state information for millimeter wave links. IEEE J. Sel. Topics Signal Process, 12(2), 326–339. CrossRef Chiang, H. L., et al. (2018). Hybrid beamforming based on implicit channel state information for millimeter wave links. IEEE J. Sel. Topics Signal Process, 12(2), 326–339. CrossRef
36.
Zurück zum Zitat L. Liu, and Y. Tian, “Hybrid precoding based on tensor decomposition for mmWave 3D-MIMO systems. In: Proc. IEEE/CIC Int. Conf. Commun. China (ICCC), Qingdao, China, Oct. 2017, pp. 1–6. L. Liu, and Y. Tian, “Hybrid precoding based on tensor decomposition for mmWave 3D-MIMO systems. In: Proc. IEEE/CIC Int. Conf. Commun. China (ICCC), Qingdao, China, Oct. 2017, pp. 1–6.
37.
Zurück zum Zitat Araujo, D. C., et al. (2019). Tensor-based channel estimation for massive MIMOOFDM systems. IEEE Access, 7, 42133–42147. CrossRef Araujo, D. C., et al. (2019). Tensor-based channel estimation for massive MIMOOFDM systems. IEEE Access, 7, 42133–42147. CrossRef
38.
Zurück zum Zitat Ruble, M., & Guvenc, I. (2020). Multilinear singular value decomposition for millimeter wave channel parameter estimation. IEEE Access, 8, 75592–75606. CrossRef Ruble, M., & Guvenc, I. (2020). Multilinear singular value decomposition for millimeter wave channel parameter estimation. IEEE Access, 8, 75592–75606. CrossRef
39.
Zurück zum Zitat de Almeida, A. L. F., Favier, G., & Mota, J. C. M. (2008). A constrained factor decomposition with application to MIMO antenna systems. IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, 56(6), 2429–2442. CrossRef de Almeida, A. L. F., Favier, G., & Mota, J. C. M. (2008). A constrained factor decomposition with application to MIMO antenna systems. IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, 56(6), 2429–2442. CrossRef
40.
Zurück zum Zitat Kolda, T. G., & Bader, B. W. (2009). Tensor decompositions and applications. SIAM Review, 51(3), 455–500. CrossRef Kolda, T. G., & Bader, B. W. (2009). Tensor decompositions and applications. SIAM Review, 51(3), 455–500. CrossRef
41.
Zurück zum Zitat Sidiropoulos, N. D., et al. (2017). Tensor decomposition for signal processing and machine learning. IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, 65(13), 3551–3582. CrossRef Sidiropoulos, N. D., et al. (2017). Tensor decomposition for signal processing and machine learning. IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, 65(13), 3551–3582. CrossRef
44.
Zurück zum Zitat Shah, Philipp, C. Wieser and F. Bry, “Parallel higher-order SVD for tag-recommendations.” (2012). Shah, Philipp, C. Wieser and F. Bry, “Parallel higher-order SVD for tag-recommendations.” (2012).
46.
Zurück zum Zitat Tsai, T., Chiu, M., & Chao, C. (2019). Sub-system SVD hybrid beamforming design for millimeter wave multi-carrier systems. IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, 18(1), 518–531. CrossRef Tsai, T., Chiu, M., & Chao, C. (2019). Sub-system SVD hybrid beamforming design for millimeter wave multi-carrier systems. IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, 18(1), 518–531. CrossRef
Metadaten
Titel
Hybrid wideband transceiver design for achievable rate maximization in millimeter-wave MIMO systems
verfasst von
Hafiz Muhammad Tahir Mustafa
Publikationsdatum
05.09.2021
Verlag
Springer US
Erschienen in
Telecommunication Systems / Ausgabe 4/2021
Print ISSN: 1018-4864
Elektronische ISSN: 1572-9451
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11235-021-00821-x

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 4/2021

Telecommunication Systems 4/2021 Zur Ausgabe