Acid deposition in eastern Asia will increase and freshwaters in Japan are likely to become acidified in future. In order to make long-term predictions about freshwater acidification, it is necessary to evaluate acid neutralization mechanisms in Japanese watersheds. Ikeda and Miyanaga (1999) earlier proposed a method of separating acid-neutralization capacity into chemical weathering and cation exchange. By this means, we were able to assess the effect of hydrogeochemical properties on chemical weathering and stream water chemistry for three watersheds in Japan. On the basis of this assessment, acid-neutralization stream water chemistry was predicted using the ILWAS (Integrated Lake-Watershed Acidification Study) model. The main factors determining acidification are the thickness of weatherd profile and chemical weathering rates. The principal results are: (1) for non-acidified watersheds in Japan, acid deposition is neutralized by chemical weathering of primary minerals; (2) freshwaters in Japanese watersheds will not acidify even if acid deposition increases to the extent found in an acidified watershed in the U.S.A.
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- Hydrogeochemical Conditions Affecting Acidification of Stream Water in Mountainous Watersheds
- Springer Netherlands