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This chapter builds on the two important characteristics of paradigms—that is, ‘exemplars’ and ‘world views’, to develop a typology of ideal types in the field of public administration. The two main paradigms in public administration, traditional public administration (TPA) and new public management (NPM), and characteristics of some of the key post-NPM models form the ideal type typology. In addition, the characteristics of the patronage system are also included into the typology. This chapter also argues that, in reality, public administrative systems do not always fit into one particular paradigm. Public administration systems exist as hybrid systems that are layered with characteristics of the various paradigms overlapping one another. The identification and descriptions of the ideal types help to describe the nature of Bhutan’s public administration.
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- Ideal Types in Public Administration
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