Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
Corruption – “grand” or “gray” – is an international problem, and government is a high-risk domain. Research in the field has tended to focus on the more serious and damaging area of grand corruption, including clearly illegal acts such as bribery and embezzlement. However, there is also a growing body of research concerned with more minor and ambiguous areas of alleged misconduct – or “gray” corruption. These include gifts and benefits, misuse of entitlements, influence peddling through donations, excessive and wasteful expenditures, lies and false promises, cronyism, nepotism, and sinecures. Government in Australia presents as an instructive case of scandal and controversy in these areas, with a record of partial and unsatisfactory attempts to manage the challenge. A crisis point was reached during the recent Abbott-led federal government (September 2013 to September 2015), although the problem reached back to previous federal governments and crossed over into state and local government. The issues coalesced around the federal “expenses scandal” of 2014/2015, leading to a major review of parliamentarians’ entitlements, released in 2016. The present paper reviews these issues, drawing primarily on media accounts, focusing on the period of the Abbott government and the aftermath of the entitlements inquiry up to mid-2017. The chapter highlights key lessons for corruption prevention beyond Australia, including the need for much tighter rules and much better enforcement to ensure comprehensive integrity in government.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Albrechtson, J. (2015). It’s the arrogance that stinks to voters. The Australian, 12.
Alexander, C. (2014). Porkies: The biggest broken promises in Australian politics. https://www.crikey.com.au. Accessed 21 Aug 2016.
ANAO. (2015a). Administration of travel entitlements provided to parliamentarians: Department of Finance. Canberra: Australian National Audit Office.
ANAO. (2015b). The Award of funding under the Safer Streets Program. Canberra: Australian National Audit Office.
Anderson, F. (2013). Ethics: When to lay claim and when to lay low. Financial Review, 8.
Aston, H. (2014). Anti-crime funding given to coalition seats. Sydney Morning Herald, 9.
Aston, H. (2015). Grants for CCTV networks not fully documented (p. 7). Sydney Morning Herald.
Aston, H. (2016). Joyce chartered chopper for 120km journey. The Age, 4.
Atkin, M., & Salmon, G. (2015). Concerns raised over medical companies buying influence with Tasmanian health agency staff. http://www.abc.net.au/news/2015-10-06/tasmanian-health-organisations-buying-influence-concerns/6831646. Accessed 7 Dec 2015.
Atkins, D. (2013). Tradition of jobs for mates continues. Courier Mail, 16.
Australian Broadcasting Corporation. (2016). Promise tracker. http://www.abc.net.au/news/factcheck/2016-05-08/promise-tracker-how-does-the-coalitions-record-stack-up/7379572. Accessed 5 Feb 2017.
Australian Electoral Commission. (2017a). Costs of elections and referendums. http://www.aec.gov.au/Elections/Australian_Electoral_History/Cost_of_Election_1901_Present.htm. Accessed 8 May 2017.
Australian Electoral Commission. (2017b). Current funding rate. http://www.aec.gov.au/Parties_and_Representatives/public_funding/Current_Funding_Rate.htm. Accessed 8 May 2017.
Barnes, T. (2015). Misusing entitlements. http://www.abc.net.au/news/2015-07-17/barnes-why-should-parties-get-off-scot-free/6627900. Accessed 4 Dec 2015.
Bartlett, L. (2015). Gifts and gaffes of 2015. Sunday Times, 18.
Battersby, L. (2016). NBN needs extra $20b of public cash to finish rollout. The Age, 3.
Bean, C. (2012). Are we keeping the bastards honest? Perceptions of corruption, integrity and influence on politics. In J. Pietsch & H. Aarons (Eds.), Australia: Identity, fear and governance in the 21st Century (pp. 95–106). Canberra: ANU E Press.
Beaumont, A. (2015). Polls have Labor increasing lead to near 53–47. https://theconversation.com. Accessed 29 Jan 2016.
Bolt, A. (2015). Shameless bishop deserves sack. Cairns Post, 12.
Brenton, S. (2012). Ministers and scandals. In K. Dowding & C. Lewis (Eds.), Ministerial careers and accountability in the Australian Commonwealth Government (pp. 135–152). Canberra: ANU Press.
Brown, A. J. (2013). Towards ‘ideal’ whistleblowing legislation? Some lessons from recent Australian experience. E-Journal of International and Comparative Labour Studies, 2(3), 153–182.
CAANZ. (2017). Australian consumer law review. Canberra: Consumer Affairs Australia and New Zealand.
Cheer, L. (2014). Teacher says PM’s daughter should never have received $60,000 school benefit. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2719744/Teacher-says-PMs-daughter-does-not-deserve-60-000-scholarship.html. Accessed 18 July 2015.
Coghill, K. (2016). Federal donation rules dangerously weak. Australian Financial Review, 35.
Conde, J., Tune, D., Jenkins, H., Nelson, B., & Bardo Nicholls, L. (2016). An independent parliamentary entitlements system: Review. Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia.
Cornish, D., & Clarke, R. (2003). Opportunities, precipitators and criminal decisions. Crime Prevention Studies, 16, 41–96.
Criminal Justice Commission. (1992). Report of an investigation into possible misuse of parliamentary travel entitlements by members of the 1986–1989 Queensland Legislative Assembly. Brisbane: Author.
Devic, A. (2013). Gifts for cops: Registers shows perks. Herald Sun, 21.
Dowling, J. (2013). No more free lunch. Herald Sun, 9.
Dunlop, C. (2016). $1m bill for six months. Centralian Advocate, 9.
Editorial (2015). Political donations system needs reform. The Age, 16.
Electoral Commission Queensland. (2017). https://www.ecq.qld.gov.au/candidates-and-parties/funding-and-disclosure. Accessed 8 July 2017.
Graycar, A. (2014). Awareness of corruption in the community and public service: A Victorian study. Australian Journal of Public Administration, 73(2), 271–281. CrossRef
Graycar, A. (2015). Corruption: Classification and analysis. Policy and Society, 34(2), 87–96. CrossRef
Graycar, A., & Prenzler, T. (2013). Understanding and preventing corruption. London: Palgrave Macmillan. CrossRef
Hall, B. (2013). MPs repay $20K in just weeks. Sydney Morning Herald, 15.
Hall, L. (2014). Student ‘acted in public interest. Sydney Morning Herald, 13.
Hannam, P. (2016). AGL pleads guilty to 11 political donation disclosure law breaches . Sydney Morning Herald, 11.
Hannan, L. (2011). Regrets? Maybe just a few. Sydney Morning Herald, 6.
Hare, J. (2015). Crisis? What crisis? Salary packages of VCs rising. The Australian, 30.
Hare, J. (2016). Sharp rise in salaries for selected VCs. The Australian (p. 30).
Hudson, P. (2014a). Let’s ground ex-pollies flying high on gravy plane. The Australian, 10.
Hudson, P. (2014b). Abbott right to ground MPs’ gravy plane. The Australian, 10.
Hunady, J. (2017). Individual and institutional determinants of corruption in the EU countries. Economics and Politics, 34(1), 139–157. CrossRef
ICAC. (2013). Investigation into the conduct of Ian Macdonald, Ronald Medich and others. Sydney: Independent Commission Against Corruption.
ICAC. (2014). Investigation into the conduct of a Railcorp manager and a Housing NSW employee. Sydney: Independent Commission Against Corruption.
ICAC. (2016). Investigation into NSW Liberal Party electoral funding for the 2011 state election campaign and other matters. Sydney: Independent Commission Against Corruption.
Integrity Commission. (2014). An investigation into allegations of nepotism and conflict of interest by senior health managers. Hobart: Author.
Integrity Commission. (2015). An own motion investigation into policies, practices and procedures relating to receiving and declaring of gifts and benefits in the Tasmanian State Service. Hobart: Author.
Iser, R. (2013). Flying high: Labor ministers racked up millions in VIP travel. https://www.crikey.com.au. Accessed 5 March 2017.
Jackson, E. (2016). Haigh: Cambodia refugee deal a gross waste of money. http://www.abc.net.au/am/content/2016/s4471150.htm. Accessed 5 March 2017.
Kemp, M. (2016). Fat cats cash grab. Advertiser, 1.
Killoran, M. (2015). Cashing in on council bonus. Courier Mail, 19.
Killoran, M. (2016). Pension tension. Courier Mail, 21.
Kirkpatric, F. (2013). Prime minister can’t ride out expenses scandal. The Examiner, 19.
Knott, M. (2015). Government defends cost of higher education ads. Canberra Times, A004.
Konald, C. (2007). Perceived corruption, public opinion, and social influence in Senegal. Cape Town: The Institute for Democracy in South Africa.
Koziol, M. (2017). No child will live in poverty? Sydney Morning Herald, 12.
Leslie, T. (2016). Political donations: Here’s what the latest data doesn't tell us. http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-02-01/heres-what-the-latest-political-donations-data-doesnt-tell-us/7130126. Accessed 5 March 2017.
Lewis, R. (2015). Chopper cuts down a high-rolling lifestyle. The Australian, 4.
Madden, C. (2015). Life gold pass. http://www.aph.gov.au/About_Parliament/Parliamentary_Departments/Parliamentary_Library/FlagPost/2015/August/Life_Gold_Pass. Accessed 12 June 2017.
Maiden, S. (2014). Axe the tax, or we’ll vote you out, PM told. The Advertiser, 2.
Maiden, S. (2015). Hockey joins the double dippers. Daily Telegraph, 3.
Marszalek, J. (2014). They’re no oil paintings. Herald Sun, 5.
Masters, A., & Graycar, A. (2015). Media reporting of corruption: Policy implications. Crime, Law & Social Change, 64(2), 153–175. CrossRef
Matthewson, P. (2015). Bishop has resigned, but the entitlements war isn’t over yet. http://www.abc.net.au/news/2015-08-03/matthewson-entitlements-war-not-over/6666884. Accessed 5 March 2017.
McAllister, I. (2014). Corruption and confidence in Australian political institutions. Australian Journal of Political Science, 49(2), 174–185. CrossRef
Medhora, S. (2015). .Cory Bernardi defends using taxpayers’ money to attend anti-abortion event. http://www.theguardian.com/australia-news/2015/aug/11/cory-bernardi-defends-using-taxpayers-money-to-attend-anti-abortion-event. Accessed 4 Dec 2015.
Meers, D. (2015). MPs’ plane stupidity. Courier Mail, 15.
Merritt, C. (2016). Extraordinary tactics to nail whistleblowers moves us into dangerous era of secrecy. The Australian, 23.
Nadin, M. (2012). Hockey tolls bell on age of entitlement. The Australian, 2–4.
Needham, K. (2013). Readers help expose dubious claims. Sun Herald, 4.
News.com.au (2013). $7000 for a ping pong table just the tip of the local council spending iceberg. http://www.news.com.au/national/for-a-ping-pong-table-just-the-tip-of-the-local-council-spending-iceberg/news-story/1eb40349ae59cdd788ec86a84608e5ab. Accessed 6 March 2017.
Nickless, R. (2014). Academic brings action against Abbott in unfair dismissal case over daughter's $60,000 scholarship. The Age, 8.
Norrington, B. (2014). Vintage ‘gift’ could leave a bitter taste. The Australian, 1.
Orr, G. (2016). Party finance law in Australia: Innovation and enervation. Electoral Law Journal, 15(1), 58–70. CrossRef
Overington, C. (2017). Ignorance no excuse when you’re the chairman. The Australia, 5.
Owens, J. (2014). Brandis orders library ladder. The Australian, 1–4.
Packham, B., & Kelly, J. (2013). Abbott defends his travel bills. The Australian, 1.
Parker, G. (2007). Pratt fined record $36m for price fix. The West Australian, 1.
Peatling, S. (2016a). MPs caught short over taxpayer cash for campaigns. The Age, 13.
Peatling, S. (2016b). MPs using perks to pay mortgages. The Age, 21.
Prenzler, T., Beckley, A., & Bronitt, S. (2013). Police gifts and benefits scandals: Addressing deficits in policy, leadership and enforcement. International Journal of Police Science and Management, 15(4), 294–304.
Remuneration, T. (2017). Implementing the recommendations of the independent parliamentary entitlements system review. Canberra: Author.
Richter, W., & Burke, F. (2007). Combating corruption, encouraging ethics. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield.
Roberts, L. (2015). MP defends cost to set up new offices. Northern Daily Leader, 1.
Robertson, J., & Swan, J. (2013). Big bucks for MPs’ Bollywood adventure. Sydney Morning Herald, 5.
Roy Morgan. (2016). Roy Morgan Image of Professions Survey 2016. http://www.roymorgan.com/findings/6797-image-of-professions-2016-201605110031. Accessed 20 July 2017.
Shepherd, T. (2015). MPs queue for shot at Speaker’s big salary. Advertiser, 6.
Smith, K. (2017). 15 public sector execs earn $1m. http://www.theaustralian.com.au/national-affairs/15-public-sector-executives-take-home-over-1m/news-story/5e67f5ca424f8cd41f957e95f6359985. Accessed 20 July 2017.
Smith, M. (2015). MP expenses throw up a few surprises. Mercury, 59.
Staff Writers (2016). The 10 most outrageous things pollies have spent our money on. http://www.news.com.au/national/politics/the-10-most-outrageous-things-pollies-have-spent-our-money-on/news-story/254c2cb0858b56fb89ed65f547bee3f0. Accessed 3 March 2016.
Stone, G. (2013). Expense bills causing controversy. Examiner, 4.
Strathearn, P. (2015). Busy office a costly business in federal politics. Murray Valley Standard, 1.
Sutton, C. (2013). City of Sydney Council plants world's most expensive hedge project. http://www.news.com.au/finance/money/council-plants-worlds-most-expensive-hedge/news-story/e8a793a20c4e900c987f6bc29a693eb2#ixzz2Y1RLpiFH. Accessed 5 March 2017.
Swan, J. (2013). ‘Minister for books’ will have to do without shelf company for a while. Canberra Times, A004.
Swan, J., Bachelard, M. & Hurst, D. (2013). PM slips up on wedding claim. Sydney Morning Herald, 1.
Swan, J., & Visentin, L. (2013). Offside: Joyce bills public for NRL games. Canberra Times, A4.
Sweet, M. (2013). What does $895 buy when it comes to Liberal Party health policy? https://blogs.crikey.com.au/croakey/2013/07/18/what-does-895-buy-when-it-comes-to-liberal-party-health-policy/. Accessed 4 Dec 2015.
Taylor, L. (2015). Tony Abbott’s first two years. https://www.theguardian.com/australia-news/2015/sep/04/tony-abbotts-first-two-years-despite-the-daily-battles-hes-losing-the-war. Accessed 4 Dec 2015.
The Australia Institute. (2017). http://www.tai.org.au/content/perceptions-corruption-highest-among-one-nation-xenophon-and-independent-voters-poll. Accessed 30 Aug 2017.
TI Australia. (2016). Anti-corruption agencies in Australia. http://transparency.org.au/index.php/our-work/anti-corruption-agencies-in-australia/. Accessed 3 Dec 2016.
TI Australia. (2017). Global Corruption Barometer 2017: Results for Australia. Melbourne: Transparency International.
Transparency International. (2016). Corruption Perceptions Index, 2016. https://www.transparency.org/news/feature/corruption_perceptions_index_2016. Accessed 30 Aug 2017.
Truex, R. (2010). Corruption, attitudes and education: Survey evidence from Nepal. World Development, 39(7), 1133–1142. CrossRef
Uhlmann, C. (2017). Here are some facts Bob Carr forgot to mention. The Australian, 14.
United Nations. (1996). International Code of Conduct for Public Officials. Geneva: Author.
United Nations. (2003). United Nations Convention against Corruption. Vienna: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.
Uren, D. (2016). Coalition wins hands down on pork-barrelling. The Australian, 6.
Waterford, J. (2015). Putting in the golden slipper. Canberra Times, A017.
Whinnett, E. (2015a). Poor poll position. Herald Sun, 8.
Whinnett, E. (2015b). Bishop, Abbott and how it all ended. Herald Sun, 34.
Wright, T. (2014). Abbott’s raft of broken promises. Canberra Times, A004.
Young, S. (2013). Australian politics 101: Take the money and run. The Age, 44.
Zhang, Y., & Lavena, C. (Eds.). (2015). Government anti-corruption strategies: A Cross-cultural perspective. Boca Raton: CRC Press.
Slipper v Magistrates Court of the ACT and Turner and Commonwealth Director of Public Prosecutions  ACTSC 85 (9 May 2014).
- Identifying and Preventing Gray Corruption in Australian Politics
Neuer Inhalt/© Stellmach, Neuer Inhalt/© BBL, Neuer Inhalt/© Maturus, Pluta Logo/© Pluta, Neuer Inhalt/© hww, Voraussetzungen für wirtschaftliche additive Fertigung/© Marco2811 | Fotolia