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Statistical process control charts are important tools for monitoring process stability in manufacturing and service industries. Using multivariate control charts to monitor two or more related quality characteristic has become increasingly popular in today’s environment. Out-of-control signals in multivariate control charts may be caused by one or more variables or a set of variables. In the practice of quality control, in addition to the quick detection of process change, it is also critical to diagnose the change and identify which variable(s) has changed after an out-of-control signal occurred. In this paper, we propose a decision tree (DT)-based ensemble classifier to approach the problem of diagnosing out-of-control signal. The focus of this paper is on the variance shifts of a multivariate process. Simulation studies indicate that the proposed ensemble classification model is a successful method in identifying the source of variance change. A comparative study also reveals that DT using extracted features as input vector has slightly better classification performance than using raw data as input. The proposed method could be a useful diagnostic aid in monitoring shifts in process dispersion.
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- Identifying the Source of Variance Shifts in Multivariate Statistical Process Control Using Ensemble Classifiers
- Springer Singapore
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