Weitere Artikel dieser Ausgabe durch Wischen aufrufen
We-awareness is the socially recursive inferences that let collaborators know that all are mutually aware of each other’s awareness. While we-awareness is easy afforded in face to face collocated collaboration, it is much more difficult to design distributed groupware tools to provide equivalent capabilities: there can be no awareness unless it is programmed in via system features. We identify a series of questions that must be considered if we-awareness is to be supported. What types of awareness information is crucial and should thus be added to the ‘blank slate’ of a screen sharing system? How can that awareness information be captured through technology, and what information will be lost during this capture process? How should that information be translated, transformed and encoded into a digital form, and—as part of that—what information will be altered as part of that translation process? How will that information be transmitted, and what are the network effects in terms of that information being received in a timely manner? How will that information be represented to other participants in order to enable the rich and subtle interactions that occur in the face-to-face setting? We illustrate the nuances of these questions and why they are difficult to answer by revisiting several prior technical solutions to we-awareness.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Boyle, M. and S. Greenberg (2005). The Language of Privacy: Learning from Video Media Space Analysis and Design. ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction - ACM TOCHI, vol. 12, no. 2, pp.328–370.
Clark, Herbert H., and Susan E. Brennan (1991). Grounding in communication. In L. B. Resnick, J. M. Levine, and S. D. Teasley (Eds.): Perspectives on socially shared cognition, vol. 13, pp. 127–149. American Psychological Association.
Dix, A., J. Finlay, G. Abowd, and R. Beale (1993). Human-Computer Interaction, Prentice Hall.
Doucette, A., C. Gutwin, and R. Mandryk (2015). Effects of Arm Embodiment on Implicit Coordination, Co-Presence, and Awareness in Mixed-Focus Distributed Tabletop Tasks, GI'15: Proceedings of the 41st Graphics Interface Conferencepp. 131–138. Canadian Information Processing Society.
Doucette, A., C. Gutwin, R. Mandryk, M. Nacenta, and S. Sharma (2013). Sometimes when we touch: how arm embodiments change reaching and collaboration on digital tables. CSCW '13: Proceedings of the 2013 ACM Conference on Computer-Supported Cooperative Work, pp. 193–202. New York: ACM Press.
Dourish, P., and V. Bellotti (1992). Awareness and Coordination in Shared Workspaces, CSCW'92: Proceedings of the 1992 ACM Conference on Computer-Supported Cooperative Work, pp. 107–114. New York: ACM Press.
Fish, R., T. Kraut, and B. Chalfonte (1990). The VideoWindow system in informal communication. In CSCW'90: Proceedings of the 1990 ACM conference on Computer-Supported Cooperative Work. New York: ACM Press, pp. 1–11.
Greenberg, S., C. Gutwin, and M. Roseman (1996). Semantic Telepointers for Groupware. In OZCHI'96: Proceedings of the Sixth Australian Conference on Computer-Human Interaction Hamilton, New Zealand, November 24–27. IEEE Computer Society Press, pp. 54–61.
Greenberg, S., M. Roseman, D. Webster, and R. Bohnet (1992). Human and technical factors of distributed group drawing tools. Interacting with Computers, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 364–392.
Gutwin, C. (2001). The effects of network delays on group work in real-time groupware. In ECSCW’01: Proceedings of the European Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work, pp. 299–318. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Gutwin, C. and S. Greenberg (2002). A Descriptive Framework of Workspace Awareness for Real-Time Groupware. Computer Supported Cooperative Work: The Journal of Collaborative Computing, vol. 11, no. 3–4, pp. 411–446, Special Issue on Awareness in CSCW.
Gutwin, C. and S. Greenberg (1998). Design for Individuals, Design for Groups: Tradeoffs between power and workspace awareness. CSCW’98: Proceedings of the 1998 ACM Conference on Computer-Supported Cooperative Work, New York: ACM Press.
Gutwin, C., S. Greenberg, and M. Roseman (1996). Workspace Awareness in Real-Time Distributed Groupware: Framework, Widgets, and Evaluation. People and Computers XI (Proceedings of HCI '96), Springer-Verlag, pp. 281–298.
Hall, E.T. (1966). The Hidden Dimension, 1st ed. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday.
Hutchins, Edwin. (1991). Cognition in the Wild. Cambridge, USA: MIT Press.
Ishii, H., and M. Kobayashi (1992). ClearBoard: A Seamless Medium for Shared Drawing and Conversation with Eye Contact, CHI'92: Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, pp. 525–532. New York: ACM Press.
Jancke, G., G. Venolia, J. Grudin, J. J. Cadiz, and A. Gupta (2001). Linking public spaces: technical and social issues. In CHI'01: Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, pp. 530–537. New York: ACM Press.
Kendon, A. (1990). Conducting Interaction: Patterns of Behavior in Focused Encounters. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Lee, J.J. (1990). Xsketch: A multi-user sketching tool for X11, in Proc. Conf. Office Information Systems, (Boston, April 25–27), pp. 169–173.
Luff, P. and C. Heath (1998). Mobility in collaboration, in: CSCW’98: Proceedings of the ACM Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work. New York: ACM Press, pp. 305–314.
Nardi, B., S. Whittaker, and E. Bradner. (2000). Interaction and outeraction: instant messaging in action. In CSCW''00: Proceedings of the 2000 ACM Conference on Computer-Supported Cooperative Work, pp. 79–88. New York: ACM Press.
Segal, L. (1995). Designing Team Workstations: The Choreography of Teamwork, In P. Hancock, J. Flach, J. Caird and K. Vicente (eds) Local Applications of the Ecological Approach to Human-Machine Systems, pp. 392–415, Hillsdale, NJ.: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Stotts, David, Jason McC. Smith, and Karl Gyllstrom (2004). Support for distributed pair programming in the transparent video facetop. In Proceedings of the Fourth Conference on Extreme Programming and Agile Methods— XP/Agile Universe, pp. 92–104. Berlin Heidelberg: Springer.
Tang, J. (1989). Listing, Drawing, and Gesturing in Design: A Study of the Use of Shared Workspaces by Design Teams, Ph.D. thesis, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, 1989.
Tang, J. (1991). Findings from Observational Studies of Collaborative Work, International Journal of Man–machine Studies, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 143–160.
Tenenberg, J., W.-M. Roth, and D. Socha (2016). From I-awareness to we-awareness in CSCW. Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW), vol. 25, no. 4–5. [Special issue: Reconsidering ‘Awareness’ in CSCW].
- Implications of We-Awareness to the Design of Distributed Groupware Tools
- Springer Netherlands
Neuer Inhalt/© ITandMEDIA, Best Practices für die Mitarbeiter-Partizipation in der Produktentwicklung/© astrosystem | stock.adobe.com