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Poor indoor coverage and high cost of cellular network operators are among the main motivations for the employment of femtocell networks. Since femto access points (FAPs) and macrocells share same spectrum resources, radio resource allocation is an important challenge in OFDMA femtocell networks. Mitigating interference and improving fairness among FAPs are the main objectives in previous resource allocation methods. However, the main drawback is that user level fairness has not been adequately addressed in the previous methods, and moreover, most of them suffer from inefficient utilization of radio resources. In this paper, modeling the problem as a graph multi-coloring, a centralized algorithm is proposed to obtain both user level fairness and spectrum efficiency. This method employs a priority-based greedy coloring algorithm in order to increase the reuse factor and consequently the spectrum efficiency. Moreover, in situations where the number of available OFDM resources is not sufficient, the proposed method employs a novel fairness index to fairly share those remaining resources among users of FAPs. The performance comparison between the proposed and previous methods shows that the proposed method improves the balance between user-level fairness and resource utilization. In addition, the presented analyses show that the time complexity of the proposed method is less than that of conventional methods.
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- Improving Radio Resource Utilization and User Level Fairness in OFDMA Femtocell Networks
Behrouz Shahgholi Ghahfarokhi
- Springer US