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While scholars have been reluctant to study spirituality, research on spirituality and religiosity increased during the latter decades of the previous century. Popular interest in spirituality has also increased as a result of the rise of secularism, and popular disillusionment with, and declining confidence in, religious institutions. In this chapter, individual spirituality will be examined from a secular perspective. However, the influence of major religions on spirituality is so profound that a summary of the spiritual aspects of each major religion is included. Contemporary spirituality movements, such as alternative spiritualities, occulture, Lifestyles of Health and Sustainability (LOHAS), and Spirituality 2.0, will be explored. The spirituality discourse concludes with an examination of spiritual capital, spiritual intelligence, and the benefits of spirituality at the individual level.
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- Individual Spirituality
Christopher G. Beehner
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