Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
While scholars have been reluctant to study spirituality, research on spirituality and religiosity increased during the latter decades of the previous century. Popular interest in spirituality has also increased as a result of the rise of secularism, and popular disillusionment with, and declining confidence in, religious institutions. In this chapter, individual spirituality will be examined from a secular perspective. However, the influence of major religions on spirituality is so profound that a summary of the spiritual aspects of each major religion is included. Contemporary spirituality movements, such as alternative spiritualities, occulture, Lifestyles of Health and Sustainability (LOHAS), and Spirituality 2.0, will be explored. The spirituality discourse concludes with an examination of spiritual capital, spiritual intelligence, and the benefits of spirituality at the individual level.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Age-of-the-sage.org. (n.d.) Vedic-Hindu spirituality quotations and quotes. Retrieved February 2, 2018, from http://www.age-of-the-sage.org/mysticism/vedic_hindu_spirituality.html
Akhtar, S., bin Arshad, M. A., Mahmood, A., & Ahmed, A. (2015). Spiritual quotient and ethical values towards organizational stability. International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences, 58, 107. Retrieved February 2, 2018, from https://www.learntechlib.org/p/176798/
Baker, C., Stokes, P., Lichy, J., Atherton, J., & Moss, D. (2011). Values, beliefs and attitudes in the era of late-capitalism: A consideration of the re-emergence and re-positioning of faith and spirituality as spiritual capital in the workplace. Retrieved February 4, 2018, from https://www.academia.edu
Berman, M. (1981). The reenchantment of the world. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Besecke, K. (2013). You can’t put God in a box. Oxford: Oxford University Press. CrossRef
Bourdieu, P. (1986). The forms of capital. In J. Richardson (Ed.), Handbook of theory and research for the sociology of education (pp. 241–258). Westport, CT: Greenwood.
Chavez, F. I. (2010). Sustainability & spirituality: Common threads. Originally published in the GreenMBA Journal, 6(1). San Rafael, CA: Dominican University of California. Retrieved February 11, 2018, from http://feliciachavez.com
Dahl, A. L. (1996). Spiritual dimensions of sustainable development. Bahai Library Online.
Dent, E. B., Higgins, M. E., & Wharff, D. M. (2005). Spirituality and leadership: An empirical review of definitions, distinctions, and embedded assumptions. The Leadership Quarterly, 16(5), 625–653. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.leaqua.2005.07.002CrossRef
Dhiman, S. (2017). Holistic leadership: A new paradigm for today’s leaders. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. CrossRef
Dittmar, J., & Sturm, T. (2010). Mapping the end of times: American evangelical geopolitic and apocalyptic visions. Farnham: Ashgate.
Duffy, R. D. (2006). Spirituality, religion, and career development: Current status and future directions. The Career Development Quarterly, 55(1), 52–63. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2161-0045.2006.tb00004.xCrossRef
Emerich, M. M. (2011). The gospel of sustainability: Media, market and LOHAS. Champaign, IL: University of Illinois Press.
Emmons, R. A. (2000a). Is spirituality an intelligence? Motivation, cognition, and the psychology of ultimate concern. The International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 10, 3–26. https://doi.org/10.1207/S15327582IJPR1001_2CrossRef
Emmons, R. A. (2000b). Spirituality and intelligence: Problems and prospects. The International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 10, 57–64. https://doi.org/10.1207/S15327582IJPR1001_6CrossRef
Gardner, H. (1983). Frames of mind: The theory of multiple intelligences. New York: Basic Books.
Geigle, D. (2012). Workplace spirituality empirical research: A literature review. Business and Management Review, 2(10), 14–27. Retrieved January 3, 2018, from http://www.businessjournalz.org/bmr
Heelas, P., & Woodhead, L. (with Seel, B., Szerszynski, B., & Tusting, K). (2005). The spiritual revolution: Why religion is giving way to spirituality. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
Helminski, K. (2007). Spiritual perception and the root of the root of religion. UNESCO International Rumi Symposium, Istanbul.
Hicks, D. A. (2002). Spiritual and religious diversity in the workplace: Implications for leadership. The Leadership Quarterly, 13(4), 379–396. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1048-9843(02)00124-8CrossRef
Hill, A. (2011). Paranormal media: Audiences, spirits and magic in popular culture. London: Routledge.
Hill, P. C., Pargament, K. I., Hood, R. W., McCullough, M. E., Jr., Swyers, J. P., Larson, D. B., & Zinnbauer, B. J. (2000). Conceptualizing religion and spirituality: Points of commonality, points of departure. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour, 30(1), 51–77. https://doi.org/10.1111/1468-5914.00119CrossRef
Hindu Janajagruti Samiti. (n.d.). Why is man interested in spirituality? Retrieved February 2, 2018, from https://www.hindujagruti.org/hinduism/knowledge/article/why-is-man-interested-in-spirituality.html
Holloway, J. (2012). The space that faith makes: Towards a (hopeful) ethos of engagement. In P. Hopkins, L. Kong, & E. Olson (Eds.), Religion and place: Landscape, place and piety (pp. 203–218). New York, NY: Springer.
Holthaus, G. (2012). Learning Native wisdom: What traditional cultures teach us about subsistence, sustainability, and spirituality. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky.
Hood, R. W., Spilka, B., Hunsberger, B., & Gorsuch, R. (1996). The psychology of religion: An empirical approach. New York: Guilford Press.
King, D. B. (2008). Rethinking claims of spiritual intelligence: A definition, model, & measure. Unpublished master’s thesis, Trent University, Peterborough, ON.
King, D. B., & DeCicco, T. L. (2009). A viable model and self-report measure of spiritual intelligence. International Journal of Transpersonal Studies, 28(1), 68–85. https://doi.org/10.24972/ijts.2009.28.1.68CrossRef
Levin, J. S., Chatters, L. M., Ellison, C. G., & Taylor, R. J. (1996). Religious involvement, health outcomes, and public health practice. Current Issues in Public Health, 2, 220–225. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1525-1497.2003.21031.xCrossRef
MacKian, S. (2012). Everyday spiritualities: Social and spatial worlds of enchantment. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. CrossRef
Marques, J., Dhiman, S., & King, R. (2005). Spirituality in the workplace: Developing an integral model and a comprehensive definition. The Journal of American Academy of Business, 7(1), 81–91. Retrieved January 3, 2018, from https://www.researchgate.net
Marx, K., & Engels, F. (1967 ). The Communist manifesto. Harmondsworth: Penguin.
Mayer, J. D. (2000). Spiritual intelligence or spiritual consciousness? The International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 10, 47–56. https://doi.org/10.1207/S15327582IJPR1001_5CrossRef
Mohan, K. (2001). Spirituality and well-being: Overview. In C. Mattijs (Ed.), Integral psychology (pp. 203–226). Pondicherry: Sri Aurobindo Ashram Press.
Muesse, M. W. (2002). What does it mean to lead a spiritual life? A Buddhist perspective. Memphis, TN: Center for Spiritual Growth Tennessee. Retrieved February 23, 2018, from http://www.explorefaith.org/steppingstones_SpiritualLife_Buddhist.htm
Myers, D. G. (2000). The American paradox: Spiritual hunger in an age of plenty. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Noble, K. D. (2000). Spiritual intelligence: A new frame of mind. Spirituality and Giftedness, 9, 1–29. Retrieved February 19, 2018, from http://www.gifteddevelopment.com
Paloutzian, P. F., & Park, C. L. (Eds.). (2013). Handbook of the psychology of religion and spirituality (2nd ed., pp. 357–379). New York: Guilford Press.
Pargament, K. I., Mahoney, A., & Shafranske, E. (Eds.). (2013). APA handbook of psychology, religion, and spirituality, Vol. II. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. https://doi.org/10.1037/14046-000
Peselow E., Pi, S., Lopez, E., Besada, A., & Ishak, W. W. (2014). The impact of spirituality before and after treatment of major depressive disorder. Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience, 11(3–4), 17–23. Retrieved November 14, 2017, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
Roof, W. C. (1993). A generation of seekers: The spiritual journeys of the baby boom generation. San Francisco: Harper.
Senge, P. M. (1990). The fifth discipline: The art and practice of the learning organization. New York: Doubleday/Currency.
Sheldrake, P. (1992). Spirituality and history: Questions of interpretation and method. New York: Crossroads.
Spilka, B. (1993, August). Spirituality: Problems and directions in operationalizing a fuzzy concept. Paper presented at the American Psychological Association annual conference, Toronto.
Spilka, B. & McIntosh, D. N. (1996, August). Religion and spirituality: The known and the unknown. Paper presented at the American Psychological Association annual conference, Toronto.
Stead, J. G., & Stead, W. E. (2014). Building spiritual capabilities to sustain sustainability-based competitive advantages. Journal of Management, Spirituality & Religion, 11(2), 143–158. https://doi.org/10.1080/14766086.2013.832359CrossRef
Tabei, S. Z., Zarei, N., & Joulaei, H. (2016). The impact of spirituality on health. Shiraz E-Medical Journal, 17(6). https://doi.org/10.17795/semj39053
Targowski, A. (2012). Spirituality 2.0—A condition for a wise civilization. Dialogue and Universalism, 22(2), 133–143. Retrieved November 21, 2017, from https://www.researchgate.net
Turner, R. P., Lukoff, D., Barnhouse, R. T. & Lu, F. G. (1995). Religious or spiritual problem: A culturally sensitive diagnostic category in the DSM-IV. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 183: 435–444. Retrieved November 21, 2017, from https://www.researchgate.net
Twenge, J. M., Sherman, R. A., Exline, J. J., & Grubbs, J. B. (2016). Declines in American adults’ religious participation and beliefs, 1972–2014. Sage Open, 6(1), 2158244016638133. CrossRef
WHOQOL SRPB Group. (2006). A cross-cultural study of spirituality, religion, and personal beliefs as components of quality of life. Social Science & Medicine, 62, 1486–1497. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2005.08.001CrossRef
Zinnbauer, B. J., Pargament, K. I., Cole, B., Rye, M. S., Butter, E. M., Belavich, T. G., … Kadar, J. L. (1997). Religion and spirituality: Unfuzzying the fuzzy. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 549–564. https://doi.org/10.2307/1387689.
Zohar, D., & Marshall, I. (2000). Spiritual intelligence: The ultimate intelligence. London: Bloomsbury Publishing.
- Individual Spirituality
Christopher G. Beehner
Neuer Inhalt/© Stellmach, Neuer Inhalt/© BBL, Neuer Inhalt/© Maturus, Pluta Logo/© Pluta, Neuer Inhalt/© hww, Neuer Inhalt/© julien tromeur | Fotolia