This chapter reviews historical trends in industrial and occupational employment and provides a more detailed analysis of the projections to 1985 discussed in the previous chapter. Section 4.1 classifies manufacturing industries into broad groups depending on their respective trade and employment performance and examines the relative importance of trade and domestic demand in employment generation. Section 4.2 looks at the various factors underlying trade performance, particularly changes in price competitiveness. The section goes on to consider the mechanism whereby investment may directly influence trade performance and deals more thoroughly with the simulation of major structural change summarised in Chapter 3. Section 4.3 then completes the link between trade and employment by analysing the growth of productivity and employment, dealing with manufacturing industries, which provides the focus for sections 4.1 and 4.2, and other sectors of the economy. Section 4.4 is concerned with changes in occupational employment throughout the economy and considers employment prospects for different skills. Section 4.5 summarises the findings of the chapter and draws out some of the implications for economic policy.
Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
- Industrial and Occupational Change
J. D. Whitley
R. A. Wilson
D. J. E. Smith
- Palgrave Macmillan UK
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