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Über dieses Buch

This book provides a comprehensive exchange of information on current developments in the management of manufacturing systems and Industry 4.0. The book’s contributions establish channels of communication and disseminate knowledge among professionals working in manufacturing and related institutions. It features submissions from experts, researchers, academicians and practitioners in relevant fields, who share their knowledge from the field of management of manufacturing systems. The book’s main theme is Management of Manufacturing Systems with support for Industry 4.0, Logistics and Intelligent Manufacturing Systems and Applications, Cooperation management and its effective applications. Topics include Logistics, RFID Applications, Industrial and Smart Logistics, Intelligent Manufacturing Systems and Applications, New Materials and Smart Technologies for Industry 4.0, Enterprise Information Systems, Innovation and Knowledge Management, and Sequencing solutions for Lean Manufacturing.



Chapter 1. Experimental Analysis of Properties and Possibilities of Application RFID Tags in Real Conditions

The pressure that is being developed for the whole of society and the informatization of the industry itself requires the spectrum of all components to be reliable and quality. However, it should be borne in mind that application environments are specific and different to each other, as well as their components and requirements. RFID is not exception (Radio-Frequency Identification). The RFID tag as one of the basic elements of radio-frequency identification has been put into practice, but due to many times incorrectly mentioned technical parameters by manufacturers, their implementation is more demanding. It is also difficult to predict the behavior of individual components when they are applied to the real environment. That is the reason why examining the RFID system and its components is important. By simulating real-world conditions, we analyze the behavior of the system in different situations, allowing subsequent better implementation in a real environment.
Michal Balog, Monika Trojanová, Peter Balog

Chapter 2. Heros and Cunctators of Sustainable Development

Sustainable development can be described as a multidisciplinary concept and two basic groups can be distinguished in it. These groups can be defined as one as heroes and the other as proctors. It is important to remember that factors such as energy, population, food, and the economy regulate the correlations between them. In this area, it is very important to properly inform societies about heroes and cunctators (procrastinators), which means renewable sources for energy production, i.e., renewable sources and traditional sources.
Janusz Grabara

Chapter 3. Acquisition and Processing of Information from Slovak Publicly Available Data

The paper deals with publicly available data, their acquisition and how they can be processed for better understanding and using. Although it is not a problem to find and use these data, there is a problem with their quantity and form. Because of that they must be consolidated. Otherwise entrepreneurs could be lost in quantum of unnecessary information. Entrepreneurs protect their own business by checking out the standing or potential business partners. Gathering business information regularly has the same meaning for business relationships as a preventive medical check-up has for a person. Without relevant and correct information it is impossible.
Romana Hricová, Stanislav Adamčík

Chapter 4. New Possibilities for Using of Recycled Polyvinyl Butyral (PVB) in the Manufacturing Technologies

This chapter is focused on recycled polyvinyl butyral (PVB) after windscreen recycling and its using in manufacturing technologies. Recycled PVB is an important material by the manufacturing of new materials, which are characterized by very good elasticity, adhesion to different surfaces, and good water resistance. The samples were prepared according to the standard; they were ready for testing of mechanical properties of the material, by means of a tensile test. In this chapter, we tested a new material compounded by recycled PVB on tensile test according to standard DIN EN ISO 527-1. The tensile test evaluated the tensile strength of the material. The advantage of the PVB is its high compatibility with other polymers, as well as very good possibilities for the processing of various thermoplastics.
Lucia Knapčíková, Dušan Knežo, Svetlana Radchenko, Darina Dupláková, Michal Hatala

Chapter 5. Cooling and Inflow System Changes in the Initial Phases of Plastic Injection Forms Construction and their Influence on the Mould Parts Deformations in the Simulation Process

The chapter deals with the cooling and inflow system changes in the initial phases of plastic injection forms construction and their influence on the mould parts deformations in the simulation process, all in the plastic injection form. It shows the patterns of organising the inflow system within a form. The chapter highlights the means of mistakes prevention, still during the manufacturing phase and during the flow and mould part deformation simulations. Precise material choice is described and special regard is given to the defect prevention itself. That is necessary in the initial phase of mould parts construction models, as well as to create a correct cooling design of the plastic injection. Nevertheless, it provides a balanced cooling of the mould part and prevents later deformations, which could result in higher price and much longer duration of construction.
Miroslav Maľcovský, Michal Balog, Jozef Jurko

Chapter 6. Material Selection and the Designed Measurement Stand

The chapter deals with the present state in production factories on the market that are under pressure of the sustainable development and thus the options of innovations based on new and/or advanced materials, manufacturing technologies are being found with impact to pre-production stages involving material selection stages. The chapter presents the designed measurement stand intended for determination of dynamical properties of composite materials such as natural frequency and time of damping. It is a supporting member of material selection process especially in determination of candidate materials for predeterminated requirements and testing and evaluation.
Zuzana Murčinková, Michal Halapi

Chapter 7. Internet of Things Concept for Informing Visually Impaired Persons in Smart Factory Environments

With development of contemporary Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) and services it is possible to increase mobility, movement, and quality of life to blind and partially sighted people. Guidelines of the Council of the European Union 2000/78/EU state that one of the key goals is actively involving person with disabilities in working processes (employment). By new ICT concepts, such as Internet of Things (IoT) and Industry 4.0, it is possible to develop new innovative services in the field of assistive technologies. The goal of such services is to enable greater inclusion of blind and partially sighted people in the work processes of smart factories and its environments. Based on the analyzed technical characteristics of IoT and Industry 4.0 concept and related sensors technology, conceptual architecture of the system for delivering real-time information is proposed in this chapter. Experimental testing for the purpose of demonstrating the functionality of the conceptual architecture of the system was conducted on IoT development platform. Furthermore, a research for defining relevant parameters of informing users in indoor environment was conducted to define elements of system architecture. The chapter also presents the security features of innovative services in the IoT environment and in the concept of a smart factory.
Dragan Peraković, Marko Periša, Ivan Cvitić, Petra Zorić

Chapter 8. Manufacturing Precision of the CNC Milling Machine with Three Controlled Axes

Virtual prototyping of production machines leads not only to lower the development costs but also to lower the overall price for the development of the production machine. Virtual prototyping tools are continually improving and refining. It is often possible to achieve results between the output of the virtual prototyping and the experiment output at a deviation of less than 5%. This deviation value may often be less due to inaccuracies and simplification of the calculation as a variance created by measurement, material inhomogeneity, improper installation, operation, and other factors affecting the overall machine accuracy. The results of combining FEM analysis and virtual prototyping will determine the machine group that has the greatest impact on resulting uncertainty. To eliminate inaccuracy, the largest source of total machine inaccuracy is.
Jozef Svetlík, Juraj Kováč, Patrícia Dudová, Jozef Dobránsky, Michal Považan

Chapter 9. Calculation of Stresses during Shielded Arc Surfacing with Consideration Influence of Temperature and Structure Changes

In this chapter, the analytical method of stress estimation during shielded arc surfacing has been proposed. In the temperature calculations, the direct input of the electric arc was taken into account, as well as the heat accumulated in the droplets of liquid metal carried in this arc to the padded weld. During the welding process, temperature changes are accompanied by phase transformations of heating and cooling leading to changes in the structure and mechanical properties of the material. These changes were taken into account by modeling stress-strain curves for particular structures. The theoretical considerations of the stress state in the welded element were based on the planar section hypothesis and the constitutive relationships of the linear-elastic body. The solution for thermal loaded elements was obtained using integral equations of stress equilibrium. The tensile curves for the material constituting the mixture of phase structures with consideration the temperature influence were used in stress calculations. The calculation of stresses has been performed for shielded arc surfacing S355 steel plate.
Jerzy Winczek, Krzysztof Makles, Marek Gucwa, Renata Gnatowska, Michal Hatala

Chapter 10. Emulation of Wheel Speed Sensors for Automotive Electronic Control Unit

We developed an embedded system for educational purposes with functions of emulation of some peripherals for automotive electronic control unit (ECU). Hardware emulation of two ECU peripherals was created: one for four wheel speed sensors (both two and three current levels types) and second for electronic parking brake (EPB) switch. EPB switch is based on automotive LIN bus and it is not a classical type with set of mechanical switches. As heart of both peripheral’s emulator, the Arduino Micro platform was chosen. The up level information system architecture is based on the web server on a Raspberry Pi 3 platform. Web browser client was done with JavaScript language for both server and client sides—for the client (AngularJS framework) and for server (Node.js).
Juraj Pančík, Vladimír Beneš

Chapter 11. Information System for Computer-Aided Fixture Design

Computer-aided fixture design system is one of the elements of computer integrated manufacturing. It allows to implement the life cycle of fixtures from design stage to its manufacturing, using the geometric modeling and engineering analysis, process planning and automation of the manufacturing. With the aim to increase the productivity and quality of the production process, the CAFD system was developed. It consists of several main modules and they directly execute all the operating procedures. One of such module is aimed at organizing of the user’s work with the information system for fixture design process. This model determines the list of the stages and their order, establishes the informational and other relationships between them. All information for fixture design were grouped to 15 categories and include information about the fixture elements, workpiece, production conditions, and other auxiliary information. The interface of the system is made according to the MDI-application technology for ensuring the access to the auxiliary information throughout the operating process. The physical database model is realized by the open source relational database management system MySQL.
Vitalii Ivanov, Ivan Pavlenko, Svitlana Vashchenko, Jozef Zajac

Chapter 12. Mathematical Modeling and Numerical Simulation of Fixtures for Fork-Type Parts Manufacturing

The chapter presents the mathematical models of free and forced oscillations of the comprehensive mechanical system “fixture–workpiece” describing the proposed adjustable locating-and-clamping module with a high level of flexibility for providing CNC multiaxis machining operation. With the aim to increase the fixture rigidity and detuning from a resonance mode, the eigenfrequencies and maximum displacements are determined using the numerical simulation model realized by the ANSYS software. The proposed mathematical model is proved by the results of numerical simulation on the example of fork-type parts considering contact stiffness of functional elements and values of clamping and cutting forces and moments. As a result, the advantage of the proposed manufacturing process in comparison on the typical one is justified. Particularly, the first eigenfrequency for the proposed manufacturing process is 1.64 times more than the same frequency for the typical manufacturing process. Additionally, the rigidity of a new fixture design is significantly increased, as well as detuning from a resonance mode is ensured. The proposed methodology allows estimating physical parameters of the proposed mathematical model by the results of numerical simulation and experimental research for ensuring dynamic stability of the highly complicated mechanical system “CNC machine tool–flexible fixture–spatial workpiece–precise cutting tool.”
Vitalii Ivanov, Ivan Pavlenko, Ivan Kuric, Mykyta Kosov


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