Metals in water have been monitored for up to 18 years in acidified regions of Sweden. The concentrations of metals (Al, Cd, Cu, Fe, Mn, Mo, Pb, Zn) were determined by AAS and ICP-MS, the dissolved fractions after separation by in-situ dialysis. Elements showing negative pH-correlation were primarily Al, Zn, Cd, Mn, and Pb, while Mo was positively correlated to pH, indicating a predominance of negatively charged ionic forms. Zn, Cd, and Mn occurred primarily in the dissolved fractions, especially at the lower pH levels. Fe, Al, Pb and Mn were further enriched in humic waters. During the study period, some of the sites were subject to lime treatment, which had a marked influence on most elements, causing the mean levels and the seasonal fluctuations to decrease. Treatment on the lake surface was less effective than wetland liming to reduce seasonal fluctuations, especially for metals mainly originating from the catchments, as Fe and Al.
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- Influence of Acidification and Liming on the Distribution of Trace Elements in Surface Waters
- Springer Netherlands