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Erschienen in:

22.01.2023

Influence of Wind Speeds and Heating Exposures on the Thermal Insulation of Intumescent Fire-Retardant Coatings

verfasst von: Yuhao Li, Chuangang Fan, Yuxin Gao, Long Yan, Ao Jiao, Saiya Feng, Zhengyang Wang

Erschienen in: Fire Technology | Ausgabe 2/2023

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Abstract

The standard fire resistance test failed to consider the effect of environmental wind on intumescent fire-retardant coatings. This study investigated the thermal insulation of intumescent fire-retardant coatings under various heating exposures (25 kW/m2, 35 kW/m2, 50 kW/m2 and 75 kW/m2) and wind speeds (0 m/s, 1 m/s, 2 m/s, 3 m/s). Fire-retardant coating presented a non-uniform intumescent process with wind influence. Environmental wind slowed the initial swelling rate, decreased the maximum coating thickness, and promoted the coating thickness decline. The coating at the front end was shorter than the rear end, which caused a higher steel temperature at the front end. The time of the steel temperature to reach the critical temperature was advanced indicating a decreased thermal insulation. Environmental wind caused a higher coating temperature and accelerated the coating depletion at the front end. The influence is stronger with higher heating exposure and faster wind speed. Wind affects the coating temperature and coating thickness via convective cooling and char oxidation, and char oxidation is a more dominant factor. Empirical correlations were applied to represent the influence of environmental wind on the maximum swelled thicknesses and average swelling rates of fire-retardant coatings at the front end. The predicting equation indicated the synergistic effects of wind speed and incident heat flux on the thermal insulation of fire-retardant coating.

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Metadaten
Titel
Influence of Wind Speeds and Heating Exposures on the Thermal Insulation of Intumescent Fire-Retardant Coatings
verfasst von
Yuhao Li
Chuangang Fan
Yuxin Gao
Long Yan
Ao Jiao
Saiya Feng
Zhengyang Wang
Publikationsdatum
22.01.2023
Verlag
Springer US
Erschienen in
Fire Technology / Ausgabe 2/2023
Print ISSN: 0015-2684
Elektronische ISSN: 1572-8099
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10694-023-01366-y

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