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Über dieses Buch

This book analyzes the influence of electric vehicles on microclimate and the indirect influence on power load from a unique perspective. It discusses different aspects of Vehicle-to-grid (V2G) technology, including large and small-scale charging infrastructures, and describes the effect on electricity price, voltage, frequency and other key V2G technologies. It introduces various aspects of the influence of electric vehicles on the power grids and the control strategies for achieving economic, safe and steady grid operation using V2G technologies. This book is suitable for senior undergraduates and postgraduates majoring in electrical, transportation, or environmental engineering, as well as other related professionals.

Inhaltsverzeichnis

Frontmatter

Chapter 1. Influences of EVs on Power System by Improving the Microclimate

Abstract
The influence of EVs on power system is diverse. A lot of literatures have studied the influence of EVs on power system in the following aspects.
Canbing Li, Yijia Cao, Yonghong Kuang, Bin Zhou

Chapter 2. The Response of EV Charging Loads to TOU Price

Abstract
One of the bottlenecks that restrict the rapid growth of EVs is the lack of the EV charging facilities [15]. The model of fuel cell charger is established and a corresponding control strategy is proposed in [3]. A new concept of mobile charger and its optimal scheduling methods are presented in [4]. With incremental development in EV charging facilities, EV loads are expected to increase phenomenally in the near future, which will bring negative impacts on the stability of power grids [6]. EV loads are seldom taken into account in current practice of power system planning, which results in risks in system operations and management [7].
Canbing Li, Yijia Cao, Yonghong Kuang, Bin Zhou

Chapter 3. The Response of EV Charging Load to the Grid Voltage

Abstract
Modern power system is a complicated, nonlinear and dynamic system with large scale. Improving power system stability has always been a hot topic. The problem of power system stability can be classified from different perspectives. In view of the causes of instability, it can generally be divided into angle stability and voltage stability (Vournas et al. in Electr Power Energy Syst 18(8):493–500, 1996 [1]; Ouassima et al. in IEEE Trans Power Syst 14(2): 620–628, 1999 [2]).
Canbing Li, Yijia Cao, Yonghong Kuang, Bin Zhou

Chapter 4. The Response of Large-Scale EV Charging Loads to Frequency

Abstract
Power system stability is a requirement for the security and economic operation of power system. Many major blackouts are caused by power system instability, which proves the importance of power system stability [1].
Canbing Li, Yijia Cao, Yonghong Kuang, Bin Zhou

Chapter 5. The Asynchronous Response of Small-Scale Charging Facilities to Grid Frequency

Abstract
The increasing penetration of renewable energy sources, such as wind and solar energy, gives rise to new challenges for the operation and dispatch of power systems [13]. Demand response is an effective ancillary service for power systems [47]. And EV loads can take part in demand response. V2G technology achieves bidirectional power flow between EVs and power systems. Using V2G, the charging EVs can be regarded as not only controllable load, but also distributed energy storage units [8]. FR provided by charging EVs has gained increasing attention [912].
Canbing Li, Yijia Cao, Yonghong Kuang, Bin Zhou

Chapter 6. Analysis on Typical Schemes of the Integration of EV Charging Facilities into the Grid

Abstract
EVs can benefit the climate and play an important role in power system. The EV charging facility which provides power supply for EVs running is a necessary and important supporting facility for the development of EVs. Therefore, rational planning and distribution of EV charging facilities is a crucial precondition for large-scale application of EVs [1, 2]. Currently, EV charging facilities mainly include EVCSs and electric vehicle charging piles (EVCPs) [3–5].
Canbing Li, Yijia Cao, Yonghong Kuang, Bin Zhou

Chapter 7. EV Charging Facility Planning

Abstract
EV charging facility provides power supply for EVs running and it is a necessary and important supporting facility for the development of EVs. Therefore, the EV charging facility planning has been studied in many literatures. The basic principles of EV charging mode and EV charging facility are explored in Kang et al. (Power Demand Side Manag 11(5):64–66, 2009 [1]; Xu et al. East China Electric Power 37(10):1678–1682, 2009 [2]).
Canbing Li, Yijia Cao, Yonghong Kuang, Bin Zhou
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