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Über dieses Buch

This book considers the potential of new, smart materials and their use in architecture. It begins with an overview of current global tendencies (technological, demographic, and socio-anthropological) and their relevance for architectural design. Expanding upon approaches for flexible design solutions to address change and uncertainty, Dr. Kretzer begins by exploring adaptive architecture and proceeds to introduce the topic of “information materials,” which encompasses smart and functional materials, their current usage, and their potential for the creation of future spaces. The second chapter provides a comprehensive overview of architectural materials, past and present, split into the topics: natural, industrial, synthetic, digital, and information materials. Chapter three introduces an educational approach for the mediation of information material usage in design courses and student workshops. The final section provides detailed information on a range of emerging material phenomena, including aerogels, bioluminescence, bio plastics, dye-sensitized solar cells, electroluminescent displays, electroactive polymers, soft robotics, and thermochromics. Each section explains its respective history, working principles, fabrication and (potential) usage in architecture and design, and provides hands-on tutorials on how to self-produce these materials, and displays class-tested experimental installations. The book concludes with an outlook into the domain of synthetic biology and the prospects of a “living” architecture. It is ideal for students of structural materials engineering, architecture, and urban planning; professionals working these in areas, as well as materials science/engineering and architecture educators.

Inhaltsverzeichnis

Frontmatter

Chapter 1. Current Global Challenges, the Concept of Adaptive Architecture, and the Possibilities of Information Materials

Abstract
We are the slaves of our technical improvement and we can no more return a New Hampshire farm to the self-contained state in which it was maintained in 1800 than we can, by taking thought, add a cubit to our stature or, what is more to the point, diminish it.
Manuel Kretzer

Chapter 2. The Ever-Changing Nature of Materiality and the Meaning of Materials in Architecture and Construction

Abstract
It seems hard to believe that there can be found among things anything of solid body.
Manuel Kretzer

Chapter 3. Materiability—An Attempt for the Education of an Information Material Literacy in Respect to Emerging Materials

Abstract
In the introduction to Greg Lynn’s and Hani Rashid’s Architectural Laboratories, curator and architect Max Hollein, emphasizes the ever-changing and evolving nature of our environment in respect to continuous technological advancement and architecture’s responsibility to address such developments in a vital and progressive manner.
Manuel Kretzer

Chapter 4. A Selection of Emerging Information Materials, Their Properties, Fabrication, and Application in Speculative Spatial Installations

Abstract
The following is an attempt to instigate a more comprehensive understanding of information materials, revealing commonalities that fundamentally distinguish them from the classical notion of materiality, even though they might come from very different areas and exhibit formally unrelated properties.
Manuel Kretzer

Chapter 5. Towards a New Softness

Abstract
The core argument of this book is that information materials have the potential to fundamentally revolutionize the common notion of architecture in structural, functional, aesthetic, and especially ideological terms, indicating a new ‘softness’ in building.
Manuel Kretzer

Backmatter

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