Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
News media tend to follow social issues through what has been called the “issue-attention cycle”, resulting in issues appearing in the media and then, over time, disappearing as it becomes clear the issue is difficult to solve. Climate has been through this cycle several times. The only likely way to overcome this pattern is sustained activity by active organizations that orchestrate newsworthy events and generate the information subsidies that put an issue on the news agenda. In short, climate requires its own social movement. This chapter then turns to the scholarly literature on social movements to find out what they require for success: successful resource mobilization, a sense of collective identity, awareness of political opportunities, and strategic planning. Communication can help with each of these.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
AAAS Climate Science Panel. 2014. What We Know: The Reality, Risks and Response to Climate Change. American Association for the Advancement of Science. http://whatweknow.aaas.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/07/whatweknow_website.pdf
Amenta, E., N. Caren, E. Chiarello, and Y. Su.2010. The Political Consequences of Social Movements. Annual Review of Sociology 36(1): 287–307. CrossRef
Anderegg, W.R.L., J.W. Prall, J. Harold, and S.H. Schneider.2010. Expert Credibility in Climate Change. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 107(27): 12107–12109. CrossRef
Ashmore, R.D., K. Deaux, and T. McLaughlin-Volpe.2004. An Organizing Framework for Collective Identity: Articulation and Significance of Multidimensionality. Psychological Bulletin 130(1): 80–114. CrossRef
Borick, C., and B. Rabe. 2012. Belief in Global Warming on the Rebound: Fall 2011 National Survey of American Public Opinion on Climate Change. The Brookings Institution. http://www.brookings.edu/research/papers/2012/02/climate-change-rabe-borick
Brulle, R.J.2010. From Environmental Campaigns to Advancing the Public Dialog: Environmental Communication for Civic Engagement. Environmental Communication: A Journal of Nature and Culture 4(1): 82–98. CrossRef
Brulle, R.J., J. Carmichael, and J.C. Jenkins.2012. Shifting Public Opinion on Climate Change: An Empirical Assessment of Factors Influencing Concern Over Climate Change in the US, 2002–2010. Climatic Change 114(2): 169–188. CrossRef
Darby, M. 2016. James Hansen’s Apocalyptic Sea Level Study Lands to Mixed Reviews. Climate Home website. http://www.climatechangenews.com/2016/03/22/james-hansens-apocalyptic-sea-level-study-lands-to-mixed-reviews/
Downs, A.1972. Up and Down with Ecology: The Issue Attention Cycle. Public Interest 28(1): 38–50.
Edwards, B., and J. D. McCarthy. 2004. Resources and Social Movement Mobilization. In The Blackwell Companion to Social Movements, eds. D. A. Snow, S. A. Soule, and H. Kriesi, 116–152. Blackwell.
Endres, D., L. M. Sprain, and T. R. Peterson. 2009. Social Movement to Address Climate Change: Local Steps for Global Action. Cambria Press.
Ganz, M. 2004. Why David Sometimes Wins: Strategic Capacity in Social Movements. In The Psychology of Leadership: New Perspectives and Research, eds. D. M. Messick and R. M. Kramer, 209–240. Psychology Press.
Gitlin, T. 1980. The Whole World is Watching. University of California Press.
Giugni, M. 2004 Social Protest and Policy Change: Ecology, Antinuclear, and Peace Movements in Comparative Perspective. Rowman and Littlefield.
Han, H., and N. Stenhouse.2015. Bridging the Research-Practice Gap in Climate Communication: Lessons from One Academic-Practitioner Collaboration. Science Communication 37(3): 396–404. CrossRef
Hansen, J., M. Sato, P. Hearty, R. Ruedy, M. Kelley, V. Masson-Delmotte, G. Russell, et al.2016. Ice Melt, Sea Level Rise and Superstorms: Evidence from Paleoclimate Data, Climate Modeling, and Modern Observations that 2 °C Global Warming Could be Dangerous. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 16(6): 3761–3812. CrossRef
Hestres, L.E.2015. Climate Change Advocacy Online: Theories of Change, Target Audiences, and Online Strategy. Environmental Politics 24(2): 193–211. CrossRef
Kitschelt, H.P.1986. Political Opportunity Structures and Political Protest: Anti-Nuclear Movements in Four Democracies. British Journal of Political Science 16(1): 57–85. CrossRef
Leiserowitz, A., E. Maibach, C. Roser-Renouf, and J. D. Hmielowski. 2012. Extreme Weather, Climate and Preparedness in the American Mind. Yale Project on Climate Change Communication. http://environment.yale.edu/climate/files/Extreme-Weather-Climate-Preparedness.pdf
Maney, G. M., R. V. Kutz-Flamenbaum, D. A. Rohlinger, and J. Goodwin, eds. 2012. Introduction. Strategies for Social Change (Social Movements, Protest and Contention. University of Minnesota Press.
McCarthy, J.D., and M.N. Zald.1977. Resource Mobilization and Social Movements: A Partial Theory. American Journal of Sociology 82(6): 1212–1241. CrossRef
McComas, K., and J. Shanahan.1999. Telling Stories About Global Climate Change: Measuring the Impact of Narratives on Issue Cycles. Communication Research 26(1): 30–57. CrossRef
McCombs, M.E., and D.L. Shaw. 1972. The Agenda-Setting Function of Mass Media. Public Opinion Quarterly 36(2): 176–187.
Meyer, D.S., and D.C. Minkoff.2004. Conceptualizing Political Opportunity. Social Forces 82(4): 1457–1492. CrossRef
Mooney, C. 2011. Climate-Media Paradox: More Coverage, Stalled Progress. http://www.desmogblog.com/climate-media-paradox-more-coverage-stalled-progress
Nisbet, M.C.2014. Disruptive Ideas: Public Intellectuals and Their Arguments for Action on Climate Change. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change 5(6): 809–823.
Oliver, P.E., and G. Marwell.1988. The Paradox of Group Size in Collective Action: A Theory of the Critical Mass II. American Sociological Review 53(1): 1–8. CrossRef
Olzak, S., and E. Ryo.2007. Organizational Diversity, Vitality and Outcomes in the Civil Rights Movement. Social Forces 85(4): 1561–1591. CrossRef
Palmer, L. 2012. Whose Is the Face, and the Voice, of Climate Change? Yale Forum on Climate Change and The Media. http://www.yaleclimatemediaforum.org/2012/03/whose-is-the-face-and-the-voice-of-climate-change/
Pearson, A.R., and J.P. Schuldt.2014. Facing the Diversity Crisis in Climate Science. Nature Climate Change 4(12): 1039–1042. CrossRef
Polletta, F., and J.M. Jasper.2001. Collective Identity and Social Movements. Annual Review of Sociology 27: 283–305. CrossRef
Priest, S., T. Greenhalgh, H.R. Neill, and G.R. Young.2015. Rethinking Diffusion Theory in an Applied Context: Role of Environmental Values in Adoption of Home Energy Conservation. Applied Environmental Communication & Education 14(4): 213–222. CrossRef
Roberts, D. 2011. ‘Brutal Logic’ and Climate Communications. Grist. http://grist.org/climate-change/2011-12-16-brutal-logic-and-climate-communications/
Romm, J. 2011. What Mistakes Did the Environmental Community and Progressive Politicians Make in the Climate Bill Fight. Climateprogress. http://thinkprogress.org/romm/2011/04/23/207955/what-mistakes-did-the-environmental-community-and-progressive-politicians-make-in-the-climate-bill-fight/
Saad, L. 2015. Americans Choose “Pro-Choice” for First Time in Seven Years. http://www.gallup.com/poll/183434/americans-choose-pro-choice-first-time-seven-years.aspx
Skocpol, T. 2013. Naming the Problem: What It Will Take to Counter Extremism and Engage Americans in the Fight Against Global Warming. http://www.scholarsstrategynetwork.org/sites/default/files/skocpol_captrade_report_january_2013_0.pdf
Skocpol, T., and V. Williamson. 2011. The Tea Party and the Remaking of Republican Conservatism. Oxford University Press.
Smil, V. 2010. Energy Transitions: History, Requirements, Prospects. Praeger.
Sprain, L. 2015. Framing Science for Democratic Engagement. Unpublished paper, University of Colorado Boulder.
Sutter, J. 2016. Maybe Stop Selling the Ocean? http://www.cnn.com/2016/03/24/opinions/sutter-new-orleans-climate-auction/
Sweetser, K.D., G.J. Golan, and W. Wanta.2008. Intermedia Agenda Setting in Television, Advertising and Blogs During the 2004 Election. Mass Communication and Society 11: 197–216. CrossRef
Swift, A. 2015. America’s Desire for Stricter Gun Laws Up Sharply. http://www.gallup.com/poll/186236/americans-desire-stricter-gun-laws-sharply.aspx
Walsh, B. 2011. The Unfair Reception of the Climate Shift Report Shows that Greens Need to be More Open to New Ideas. Time, April 25. http://ecocentric.blogs.time.com/2011/04/25/battling-over-the-climate-war/
Wynn, G. 2012. Climate Science Uncertainty Impacts Discourse. Huffington Post, January 26. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/01/26/climate-science-uncertainty-effects_n_1233244.html
- Ingredients of a Successful Climate Movement
- Palgrave Macmillan UK
- Chapter 7
Best Practices für Web-Exzellenz im Online-Handel/© venimo | Fotolia