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2022 | Buch

Innovative Approach for the Development of Sustainable Settlements in East Africa

Affordable Housing for Mogadishu

herausgegeben von: Oscar Eugenio Bellini, Andrea Campioli, Claudio Del Pero, Cinzia M.L. Talamo, Davide Chiaroni, Stefano Guidarini, Camillo Magni

Verlag: Springer International Publishing

Buchreihe : Research for Development


Über dieses Buch

This book deals with sustainable affordable housing in developing countries, providing the main results of the BECOMe research project of the Politecnico di Milano. Sustainable, affordable housing in developing countries is increasingly important for African and international stakeholders, with massive urbanization processes involving many countries consuming large territories and natural resources minus any strategy of sustainability and social equality and without consideration of the long-term effects on the environment and subsequent generations. While the issue of affordable housing requires approaches adapted to the many specific African contexts, the case of Somalia seems representative of a fragile context characterized by the uncertainty of the social, political, and economic situations and the lack of common shared legislative references and strategies. The book aims to provide knowledge and propose a methodological framework developed from this particular situation that can serve as a template. On the basis of this main objective, the book deals with approaches and problems related to the creation of sustainable housing ecosystems, activating and boosting local enterprises and stimulating foreign investors to revamp the national AEC sector and related manufacturing industries, models for modular settlements, and business models and assessment methodologies useful for evaluating a set of appropriate technological solutions.

Chapters 03 and 07 are available open access under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License via



East Africa Context

Ecosystem Perspective for Sustainable Settlements in East Africa
The chapter provides an overview of the complexity of the East African housing issue, characterized by disparities and diversities. The challenge is to reduce the inequality and poverty levels towards adequate and sustainable settlements, combining building development, economic growth, and social and environmental improvement. In this changing and dynamic scenario, the still-open issues are introduced and argued, paying particular attention to the match of affordable housing with sustainable strategic goals; the activation of social cohesion through inclusive ecosystem settlements, enhancing local entrepreneurship within affordable housing; the promotion of local circular economy and sustainable resource management.
C. M. L. Talamo, N. Atta, A. Dalla Valle, A. Campioli
Housing in East Africa
This chapter analyses the complex issue of housing and the related needs of East African countries marked by the need to move from shelter to home. The chapter introduces and investigates the concept of accessible and sustainable housing in the specific context of East Africa, presenting the characterizations of the climatic context, the related climate-sensitive design solutions, as well as the housing needs of the rapidly growing local population.
O. E. Bellini, C. Del Pero

Mogadishu as a Representative Case

The Dynamic and Fragile Context of Mogadishu as a Representative Case
This chapter provides a general overview of the urban context of Mogadishu, characterized by a dynamic and fragile nature. In particular, the chapter focuses the attention on the housing traditions of Mogadishu, highlighting key strengths, weaknesses and open issues related to the sustainable development of the city. Moreover, an investigation of the main urban challenges and housing demand trends is carried out, defining proper levels of accessibility.
O. E. Bellini, C. Del Pero, C. Magni, S. Guidarini, G. Miglierina
Climate-Responsive Design and Energy Performance Goals
The design of sustainable buildings is a process that involves the three dimensions of sustainability: economic, environmental and social. However, due to the massive urban development underway in Africa, one of the main objectives for designers is to reduce the energy consumption of the constructions to consequently avoid a dramatic increase in GHG emissions. For this reason, in this chapter, the attention will be focused more on the energy issue, but also considering the economic and social aspects. In fact, a transformation is needed in the building design procedure, which must include a careful analysis of the climatic context and of the economic and social constraints.
C. Del Pero, M. Martire
The Fragmented and Heterogeneous Nature of Manufacturing and Construction Sectors in Mogadishu
In order to face the widespread uncertainty characterizing the productive, financial, legislative, political and social contexts of Mogadishu, it is necessary to follow an alternative research approach for collecting reliable information concerning the manufacturing and construction fields. Despite of the lack of entrusted official information sources, the presence of informal information emerges from the dialogue with local operators of the sector. Information is oral-transmitted and mainly unstructured, thus processes of organization and validation of the data and of the related sources in necessary in order to obtain reliable knowledge. In light of this premise, the chapter provides an overview of the construction industry in Mogadishu, based on a continuous and active relationship with key categories of stakeholders of the manufacturing and construction sectors.
N. Atta, A. Dalla Valle, C. M. L. Talamo, A. Campioli, A. Mostafavi

Proposals for Sustainable and Affordable Housing in Mogadishu

Settlement Strategy Towards New Business Ecosystems
This chapter introduces the concept of modular settlements for new business ecosystems, based on a set of incremental housing typologies to meet the high rate of low-medium income population housing demand. The limitation caused by circumstances around the project didn’t allow the implementation of the proposal in a specific area. Therefore, the housing model planned is based on a theoretical scenario. The study of the city, of its tissue and elements provided the instruments to propose a solution that began by the dimension of its urban block. All the proposed typologies result from an optimization process to ensure good internal comfort.
S. Guidarini, C. Magni, G. Miglierina
Construction Technologies and Materials for Sustainable Affordable Housing
Within the dynamic and fragile context of developing countries, often characterized by social, political and economic uncertainty, the present chapter proposes a methodology for assessing and selecting appropriate building technologies for affordable housing, including a method for the systematic classification of building components. The aim is to investigate possible sustainable construction technologies and materials, taking a holistic perspective that allows overcoming the mere economic assessment. Hence, the chapter highlights possible perspectives for the improvement of current building solutions and practices in Mogadishu toward industrialization of construction, use of local raw materials and enhancement of construction quality through training.
O. E. Bellini, A. Campioli, D. Chiaroni, C. M. L. Talamo, N. Atta, A. Dalla Valle
Estimation of Construction Costs: From Technological Solutions to the Settlement Scale

The problem of construction cost control, together with the availability of land, is the most important issue for the realization of affordable housing within the Mogadishu area which is therefore limited in its development. The research carries out an estimation of construction costs, overcoming information inaccuracy and ranging from building to settlement scale. The scarcity of data regarding the realization of housing settlements has represented one of the main hurdles for the research. Hence, the Bill of Quantities (BoQ) methodology was adopted as a tool to appraise the overall expenses for the three different housing typologies investigated by BECOMe.

O. E. Bellini, D. di Summa
Appropriate Tools for Decision-Makers: Proposal of a Decisional Support System (DSS)
The main goal of this chapter is to present the Decision Support System (DSS) adopted in the context of Mogadishu to explain the different choices to put in place about three main issues: (i) the structure and input data, (ii) the setting of alternative scenarios, and (iii) the broadening of the perspective to include a strategic view for the decision maker. The developed DSS aims to support decision-making processes towards the affordable settlements in Mogadishu and the achievement of their long-term sustainability.
D. Chiaroni, L. Sgambaro
Innovative Approach for the Development of Sustainable Settlements in East Africa
herausgegeben von
Oscar Eugenio Bellini
Andrea Campioli
Claudio Del Pero
Cinzia M.L. Talamo
Davide Chiaroni
Stefano Guidarini
Camillo Magni
Electronic ISBN
Print ISBN