The model SONOX has been developed that replicates the sequence of events on the way from emission of sulfur and nitrogen to the potential risk to forest ecosystems as reflected by critical loads exceedance. The model produces a set of emission, deposition and critical load maps in various spatial resolutions as well as maps of critical loads exceedances dynamically generated in response to various sulfur and nitrogen emission scenarios. Optionally, also the share of forest areas protected or unprotected against acidification is spatially presented. The model provides a decision tool to develop strategies aimed at the abatement of excess sulfur and nitrogen emissions. The present version of the model has been tailored to and implemented for Polish conditions. This model has been used to analyse the trends in impacts of acid deposition on Polish forest ecosystems.
Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
- Integrated Modelling of Acidification Effects to Forest Ecosystems — Model Sonox
- Springer Netherlands